pya-Tna

' faith saultana mauhmmad pula' [staMbaUla pr ek saunahrI saubah

[ithasa p`isaw [staMbaUla 

ó pya-Tk

naOsaiga-k evaM p`akRitk saaOndya- kI Anaupma CTa ibaKortI saUya-riSmayaaMł bafanaI- phaiDyaaMł samaud`ItT va JaIlaaoM ko nayanaaiBarama pirdRSyaaoM sao pya-Tkao kao lauBaatał dao mahaWIpaoM ko AailaMgana maoM baMQaa raYT/ TkI-—  Baart sao yaUraop jaato samaya TkI- rasto maoM pDta hOł ibanaa iksaI Aitir@t ikrayao ko Aap [sakI rajaQaanaI AMkara evaM p`isaw nagar [stMbaUla ko BamaNa kI sauKd AnauBaUit kr sakto hO. 

baaosafaorsa kI saMkrI jala p`NaalaI daonaao mahaWIpao ko maQya saImaaroKa ko $p mao ivaVmaana hOł ikntu TkI- ka AiQakaMSa BaU Baaga eiSayaa mahaWIp ko Ant-gat pDta hO. baaosafaorsa ko ek trf yaUraoipyana [stMbaUla ka puranaa Sahr hO jaao pya-Tkao ko Aak-YaNa ka kond` hO. [stMbaUla ka dUsara Baaga nayaa Sahr hOł jaao paScaa%ya trIko ka vyavaisqat ]pnagar hO. baaosafaorsa ko }pr dao AakYa-k pula hOM. faith saultana mauhmmad pula tqaa baaosfaorsa pula. baaosfaorsa pula ivaSva ka sabasao baDa JaUlao pr AaQaairt pula hO .

baaosafaorsa kI yah KUbasaUrt nahr pya-TkaoM ko ilayao AakYa-Na ka kond` hO. saUya-ast ko sauMdr ica~aoM ko ilayao p`isaw dRSyaaoM vaalaI [sa nahr pr idna maoM Anaok p`kar kI naavaaoM Wara naaOkaivahar kI vyavasqaa hO ikntu ekaMt maoM SaaMt panaI kao doKto rhnao ka sauK BaI kuC kma nahIM. 

p`akRitk saaOndya- ko AanaMd kao duganaa krnao ko ilayao baaosafaorsa ko tT pr isqat ros~aAaoM mao hr p`kar ka Baaojana imalata hO AaOr [nakI saaja sajjaa va cahla phla doKto hI banatI hO. Saakahar ko p`oimayaaoM ko ilayao qaaoD,I kiznaa[- ja,$r haotI hO pr BaUK imaTanao ko ilayao kuC na kuC imala hI jaata hO.

saUyaa-st ko samaya baaosafaorsa ko jala pr iJalaimalaatI laailamaa AaOr dUsaro tT pr isqat [maartaoM kI p`itCayaa ka maaohk dRSya doKkr lagata hO ik SatabdI pUva- [nhIM dRSyaaoM ko ilayao [sa ivalaxaNa sqaana pr [maarto banaayaI gayaI haoMgaI.  

baaosafaorsa nahr pr dRSyaavalaaokna

yaha– ko Za[- hjaar vaYa- puranao smaark TkI- ko saudUr gaaOrvamayaI AtIt ko saaxaI doto hOM.saMsaar ko p`isaw eotahaisak nagaraoM maoM [stMbaUla kI gaNanaa haotI hO. samaya ko saaqa saaqa [stMbaUla ka naamakrNa haota rha ł prntu Aaja BaI [sao yaUraop AaOr eiSayaa ko saMgama ko $p maoM jaanaa jaata hO. ivaiBanna p`akRitk pirdRSyaaoM ko karNa yaha– ek idna maoM hI Aap tInaaoM ?tuAaoM ka Aanand ]za sakto hOMł jaha– ek Aaor Ap`Ola kI tIxNa gamaI- vahIM baOganaI puYpaoM sao AacCaidt sampUNa- nagar manaaoharI lagata hO.

12laaK laaogaao ko janasaMkula AaOr kaolaahla nao [sa Sahr kao ica%takYa-k banaa idyaa hO. vaastva maoM [stMbaUla kI imaiEat saMskRitł rajap`asaadł saMga`halayał caca-ł ivaSaala maisjadł baajaar AaOr p`akRitk dRSyaaoM ka saaOndya- Anant p`tIt haota hO. nagar ko baIca isqat ivaSaalakaya sToiDayama "ihPpaoD/aoma" [staMbaUla ka ek jaIvaMt pirsar hO. yah ivaSaala manaaorMjana ka xao~ Aaja GauDdaODł rqadaODł sak-sał p`d-SanaI evaM saBaI p`kar ko manaaorMjana ka kond` bana gayaa hO.

basa sao jaato samaya Ayaa saaoifyaa ka baahrI ihssaa bahut Aak-Yak nahI lagaa laoikna Andr phu–canao pr ivasmayakarI lagata hO. [sakI ivalaxaNata doKkr svamaova hI lagata hO ik baa[janTa[na sqaap%ya klaa iktnaI ivakisat qaI. [sa caca- ka 105 fuT Gaoro vaalao gaumbad kI gaNanaa ivaSva ko sabasao baDo evaM KUbasaUrt gaumbadaoM maoM kI jaatI qaIł jaba tk raoma ko saonT baoisalaka ka inamaaNa- nahI huAa qaa. kanasTonaTa[na ko Wara banaayao gayao caca- kao 1453 maoM AaoTaomana nao maisjad ko $p maoM pirvait-t kra idyaa qaa. baad maoM TkI- gaNatn~ ko saMsqaapk Atatuk- maustfa kmaala nao [sao saMga`halaya ko $p mao p`itiYzt kr idyaa.

hkIka saaoifyaa ka klaa%mak gauMbad

samaud` tT pr qaaoDI ]–caa[- pr ek bahut baDo Gaoro ko Andr inaima-t TaopkpI pOlaosa tk Ayaa saaoifyaa sao phu–canao maoM 5 imanaT lagato hOM łjaha– [stMbaUla ka A%yant eotahaisak pirdRSya Aapka svaagat krta hO. saBaI AaoTaomana saultanaaoM  nao [sao ApnaI sqaap%ya klpnaaAaoM ko Anau$p AlaMkRit krto rho hOM.yaha– pr saMga`hIt SaahI vastuAaoM kao doKnao sao  TkI- ko AaoTaomana saultanaaoM kI ivalaasata evaM vaOBava kI spYT Jalak imalatI hO.

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