Aaja isarhanao


laoKk
igairraja ikSaaor
°

p`kaSak
BaartIya &anapIz
18 [MDisT/yala eiryaa¸ laaodI raoD
nayaI idllaI 110003
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pRYz 903
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maUlya : 350 $pyao

phlaa igarimaiTyaa ³]pnyaasa´

saUrja ko dUsaro phr kI yaa~a ka pla–pla CayaaMkna¸ ijasamaoM phlao p`hr ko saMdBa-–ica~ BaI AMtina-iht haoM¸ yaid pustkakar p`kaiSat ikyaa jaae¸ tao jaOsaa p`Baava dSa-k pr pD,ogaa p`ayaÁ vahI p`Baava pazk pata hO 'phlaa igarimaiTyaa' sao¸ jaao paorbaMdr rajakaoT ko maaoinayaa kao maaohnadasa ko naama sao 1893 maoM dixaNa AÍIka maoM naoTala ko ei-DMgaTna p<ana pr ]tarta hO AaOr 1914 maoM kopTa]na p<ana sao vaapsa laMdna haoto Baart Baojata hO gaaMQaIBaa[- banaakr¸ tIsaro phr ko saUrja $p maoM maha%maa gaaMQaI bananao tqaa caaOqaa phr doKo ibanaa¸ Ast haonao kI inayait ko saaqa. ]pnyaasa ikMtu saIimat hO iWtIya p`hr AvaiQaBar.

saugaizt kqaavastu¸ tIva`–tIxNa dRSyabaMQa¸ gaitmaana vaNa-na¸ dRiYTgat ka ica~Na¸ manaaoivacaar ina$pNa¸ AMtma-na sao vaata-¸ bauiw kao JakJaaornao vaalao tk-¸ sqaanaIya tqaa vaOiSvak vyai@t ivaSaoYa evaM samaaja kao p`Baaivat saiËya krnao tqaa inaNaa-yak isqait tk lao jaanao vaalao GaTnaaËma¸ dMtkqaaAaoM kI saI raomaaMcak ivasmayakarI AnauBaUit Baro inaYkYa-- ijasanao [ithasa rcaa¸ jaao svayaM [ithasa hI hO¸ jaao Aagat saudUrkala maoM puraNa gaaqaa ka sqaana laogaa¸ eosaa mahaga`Mqa hO 'phlaa igarimaiTyaa'¸ ijasao ilaKnao ko ilae igairraja ikSaaor jaOsaa hI kao[- vaMaiCt qaa¸ jaOsao saMjaIvanaI laanao kao hnaumaana Aqavaa gaaovaQa-na QaarNa ko ilae igairQargaaopala. va@ta caaihya &anainaiQa¸ kqaa rama kO gaUZ,Ñ

samaya ko caak pr dOvaIya AMt: p``vaRi<ayaaoM vaalaa ek baalak kccaI ima+I ka maaoinayaa ³Aqavaa maaohinayaa bacapna ka naama´ bana kr baOza¸ ijasao pirvaairk¸ doSaja saMskaraoM nao maaohnadasa naamak yauvak banaayaa tqaa baa( pirisqaityaaoM ko haqaaoM QaIro–QaIro vayask banato–banato jaao tp–%yaaga kI AaMca maoM pkta rha¸ AQyaai%mak icaMtna ko saharo gaaMQaI Baa[- naama sao pUjaapa~ bananao¸ ijasako maha%maa vyai@t%va ko AiBamaMi~t piva~ jala–kNaaoM sao samakalaIna AaQaa ivaSva ]nnat huAa¸ k[- doSaaoM ko Baagya badlao¸ ijasanao iktnaI iSalaaAaoM kao Aihlyaa banaakr ]wairt ikyaa¸ iktnao sauga`Iva–ivaBaIYaNa ijasako haqaaoM rajyaiBaYaok pa sako¸ jaao parsa bana kr iktnaaoM kao svaNaa-Baa do gayaa¸ yahI ]pnyaasa 'phlaa igarimaiTyaa' icai~t krta hO. isawhst laoKk [sao raocakta saiht saupaz\ya evaM sauga`a( banaanao maoM Satp`itSat safla rha hO.

ikMtu ]pnyaasa 'phlaa igarimaiTyaa' ek ga`Mqa BaI hO¸ ]pnyaasa sao qaaoD,a Aagao. mana rMjana AaOr baaOiwk tuiYT sao Aagao¸ yah ivacaar–maMqana¸ icaMtna tqaa isawaMt sqaapnaa ka laoKna BaI hO. [sa naato¸ jaaga$k pazk [sako p`qama vaacana sao hI tRPt nahIM haoMgao. Saas~ sauicaintt puina–puina doiKe.

kuC pairvaairk saUcanaaeM gaM`qa ka yah KMD dota hO¸ yaqaa¸ ipta idvaMgat hue qao¸ maaM BaI. calao jaba AÍIka hotu¸ tao Qama-p%naI kstUr AaOr dao baccaaoM sao ivada maaMgaI. dao ima~ qao¸ ek¸ ]ka¸ ijasasao imalakr Gar laaOTnao pr nahanaa haota qaa¸ dUsara SaoK maohtaba jaao galat iSaxaaeM donao maoM lagaa rhta qaa. baD,o Baa[- rajakaoT maoM dIvaana qao pUra pirvaar palato qao. kstUr ko AaBaUYaNa baoca kr laMdna gae¸ baOirsTr bana kr laaOTo. SaakaharI qao¸ maaM kao vacana do gae qao ivadoSa maoM BaI maaMsa¸ maidra AaOr prs~I saovana nahIM kroMgao¸ inaBaayaa. jaIivaka kI Kaoja hI maaohnadasa kao AÍIka laa[-. ek vaYa- ko AnaubaMQa–eoga`ImaoMT–pr Aae saao¸ laoKk nao igarimaiTyaa kha.

maaohnadasa AÍIka 1893 maoM phuMcao. 1894 kI 23 ma[- kao ]naka igarimaT pUra huAa. ek vaYa- ka hI tao qaa. ]pirilaiKt ËMait¸ cama%kar¸ sauQaar¸ icaMtna¸ AacarNa kI ]plaibQavaSa vao sabako Aa%maIya tqaa Eawoya hue. [@kIsa vaYa- kI vya@t ËMait–kqaa p`mauKt:¸ tqaa [sasao kuC AiQak vaYaao-M ka vyatIt–dSa-na ³FlaOSa baOk´¸ p`aya: AaQaI SatabdI ka laoKna kovala 904 pRYzaoM maoM klpnaa kI jaa saktI hO ik iktnao saIimat SabdaoM maoM AsaIimat kao AMikt ikyaa gayaa haogaa. kqaanak kI ivaraTta ka Anaumaana krnao hotu batanaa saaqa-k haogaa ik laoKk 740 AnaucCod sao kma maoM GaTnaaËma nahIM samaoT payaa. SabdaoM AaOr kqya kI kRpNata [saI sao p`kT hO ik ek GaTnaa kao saamaanya gaNanaanausaar ek pRYz sao tinak hI AiQak klaovar maoM baaMQanaa pD,a. AMtt:¸ kma krto–krto BaI¸ kqaa maoM 178 saMdBa- saM&aAaoM ka ]llaoK hO ijanamaoM sqaana¸ saMsqaayaMo¸ saaQana saimmailat hOM¸ 100 saMdBa- itiqayaaM hOM¸ p`aya: 300 vyai@tyaaoM ka ]llaoK hO ijasamaoM sao 163 ivadoSaI Svaot hOM¸ SaoYa ASvaot. laoKk nao BaUimaka maoM sa%ya hI kha hO ik janma sao kqaa p`armBa krta¸ tao saat saagar tOrnao jaOsaa haota¸ At: ek saagar caunaa– AÍIka p`vaasa.

savaao-pir hO¸ ]pnyaasa t%va ka saMrxaNa¸ Éica ka saMvaQa-na¸ p`vaah ka palana¸ rsa ka ]d`ok¸ ivavaad ka inaYaoQa. nar sao naarayaNa banato yauga–naayak ka pla–pla spYT ica~aMkna. vyai@t%va kI ivaraTta ko karNaBaUt tqyaaoM–tkao-M ka ina$pNa. ek idggaja laoKk kI isawhst p`itBaa Apirhaya- qaI AaOr pirEamaI kqaakar nao samast ApoxaaeM saMpUNa- filat kIM.

1995 maoM tqya saMklana ka p`yaasa¸ ijasamaoM doSaI–ivadoSaI sqalaaoM kI AaMKaoM doKI saaxaI vaaMiCt qaI¸ ivaWana laoKk nao p`arMBa ikyaa SaaoQa. Anaok baaQaa–ivavaadaoM saiht AavaSyak Aqa-saMga`h¸ tba yaa~a¸ vahaM sqala dSa-na¸ saMdBa- saaih%ya maMqana¸ saMbaw vyai>%vaaoM sao vaata-¸ tba laoKna¸ [sa p`iËyaa nao 3 vaYa- ilae. ek vaYa- lagaa pazSauiw tqaa p`kaSana maoM. 1999 maoM yah gaM`qa laaokaip-t huAa.

AaScaya- nahIM ik caar vaYaa-oM maoM saMvaodnaSaIla laoKk svayaM maaohnadasa bana gayaa hao¸ eosaa hI huAa lagata hO jaao ga`Mqa ko samap-Na vaacana maoM Jalakta hO. p`qama pUjaa ]na p`vaasaI janaaoM kI¸ jaao samaud` kI BaoMT hue¸ pr samaacaar SaUnyatavaSa ijanako piricat ]nhoM Amar maanato rho. AaOr AMtt:¸ laoKk kI ApnaI sao tIsarI pIZ,I¸ ijanako ilae laoKk ko Anausaar¸ jaananaa AavaSyak hO ik Baart kI maaTI yaugapuÉYa kOsao ]gaa laotI hO Aqavaa yaugapuÉYa kI rcanaa p`iËyaa kOsao calatI hO itla–itla. svaaBaaivak hO ik ]pnyaasa ko AnaucCod iksaI calaica~ kqaa ko ksao gaitmaana dRSyabaMQa ko samaana ilaKo hMO. k[- baar kqaaopkqana hOM baaolanao vaalaaoM ko naama pazk svayaM samaJa laota hO. pirNaamat: ]pnyaasa maoM gait¸ p`vaah tIva` hO.

]prao@t Apirhaya-taAaoM nao 'phlaa igarimaiTyaa' ko pazna ka p`Baava AtIt ko puraNa pazna jaOsaa banaa idyaa hO 'ekda naOimaYarNyao , , , krko ga`Mqa p`arMBa haota hO¸ ]pkqaaeM AatI jaatI hOM¸ na Ëma kI AaOpcaairkta¸ na pUvaa-pr p`saMgaaoM pircayaaoM kI vaaMCa¸ na itiqayaaoM ka sa%yaapna. laoKk ek vyai>%va kI kqaa ]Baarta hO¸ pazk BaI ]tnao sao hI saMbaw hO¸ saMtuYT BaI SaoYa tao AaOpcaairkta hO¸ ijatnaI inaBao¸ ]tnaI pyaa-Pt.

gaitmaana laoKna vyaMjak SabdaoM sao Bara haota hO nyaUnatma Axar¸ ivaraT AiBavyai@t. pazkaoM kao eosao p`yaaoga sauK doto hOM. idggaja laoKk sao p`maaNana pa kr eosao Sabd navaaoidt laoKkaoM kao maaga- sauJaato hOM. p`stut rcanaa maoM BarpUr p`yaaoga hOM¸ yaqaa— Aalaptala¸ QaIpaO–QaIpaO¸ laaOMk¸ maharnaI¸ kabaknaumaa¸ gaulamauMDI¸ ihjaao¸ CID,¸ inavaaca¸ itrimaraoM¸ cakrDMD¸ tanao–itSnao¸ AjasaronaaO¸ JaulasaI¸ fla–flauMgaa¸ Jaaolaa–maaOlaa¸ hMDa¸ kaozI–kuzlaa¸ KrIta¸ jagauAayaa¸ Afa–jafaAaoM.

]pnyaasa kI BaaYaa pr cacaa- tao krnaI hI haogaI¸ Balao hI yah laoKk kI p`itbawta tqaa pazk kI AavaSyakta ko baIca samanvaya ka ivaYaya hO. vat-maana kala vaOiSvak AaQaar pr saBaI BaaYaaAaoM ko ilae saMËmaNa–kala hO. inaBa-rtaeM ivavaSa krtI hOM. saUcanaa–tknaIk ko ]d\gama sqalaaoM tqaa yaaMi~kI–inamaa-taAaoM kI BaaYaa svaIkarnaI hI hO. p`saar–p`kaSana ka Apnaa pRqak Aqa-Saas~ hO. laoKna BaI ek vaaiNaijyak iËyaa hO. svaant: sauKaya yaa laaokihtaya Aba p`aqaimakta maoM nahIM rha. punarip¸ ]pBaao>a kI svaIÌit¸ BaaYaa kI ivavaSata ka dUsara Caor hO. p`%yaok pMi> eosao Sabd sajaae hO jaao BaaYaa kao ]pBaao>a–vastu maananao kI maanaisakta ka p`maaNa hO. piScamaI eiSayaa kI BaaYaaeM [sa ga`Mqa ko Anauvaad hotu AiQakaMSa SabdaoM ka p`yaaoga yaqaavat kr laoMgaIM. kovala ilaip maa~ pirvait-t krnaI haogaI. sa<aa ]nmauK janaÉica ko karNa BaaYaa ek saMvaodnaSaIla ivavaad ka ivaYaya BaI bana ga[- hO. inaYkYa-:¸ BaaYaa pr cacaa- sadOva p`BaavahIna rhogaI¸ AMitma inaNa-ya pazk hI dogaa¸ jaao inataMt vaOyai@tk ivaYaya hO. 

]pnyaasa iSalp ko lagaBaga samast ibaMdu yahaM pUro hue. ga`Mqa¸ yat:¸ ]pnyaasa sao AiQak BaI hO mahapuÉYa kI jaIvana gaaqaa. [sa naato ivacaar krnao sao gaM`qa kI rcanaa saMpUNa-tyaa tTsqaBaava sao kI ga[- imalatI hO. pUro ga`Mqa ko parayaNa ka p`Baava¸ sakara%mak tk pUNa- tqyaa%mak vyai>%va ko ivakasa kI inaYpxa p`stuit hO. kuC BaI dOvaIya nahIM¸ cama%kar nahIM¸ AitmaanavaIya nahIM. ga`Mqa maoM p`saMga hO ik ~st AÍIka raYT/pit svayaM maaohnadasa sao hI pUCta hO ik gaaMQaI kao inaYp`BaavaI krnao ko samast tM~ vah kr cauka¸ Aba gaaMQaI hI batae ik gaaMQaI kao kOsao prast ikyaa jaaeÑ AaOr¸ gaaMQaI ka tk-pUNa- maanavaIya tqyaa%mak ]<ar Aata hO 'p`oma sao'. ivaSva kao yah cama%kar lagaa¸ lagaogaa BaI pr ga`Mqa batata hO ik yahI pirisqait ka saca hO¸ ekmaa~ saca. laoKk kI inaila-Ptta hI ]sako EaoYz laoKna kI ksaaOTI hO¸ p`maaNa BaI.

laoKk kI saflata hI hO ik gaM`qa ko Aip`ya pa~¸ naayak ko vyai>va ko inaYkMp ]jaalao maoM¸ ApnaI nyaUnataAaoM kao spYT doK laoto hOM¸ svaIkaraoi> BaI krto hOM—jaanaamyaQama-MÂ na ca mao inavaRit:. Paazk kao Aitir@t kuC batanaa AavaSyak hI nahIM rhta. AcaUk laoKna.

samaapna tinak kÉNa yaacanaa ko saaqa. pazSauiw ko ivaYaya maoM. laoKk nao ApnaI AilaPtta pUNa-tyaa spYT kr dI pRYz 14 pr yah bata kr ik 31–7–97 tk ko AalaoK ilaKo–kaTo–saMvaaro gae. Aa[- Aa[- TI pirsar maoM ]nako inaja–kayaa-laya ko kma-caairyaaoM Wara kmalaoSa jaI nao prvatI- AalaoK TMikt ike. EaI gauPt nao BaI [samaoM sahayata kI. yah BaI ik laoKk kI ilaip ]nhIM kao spYT haotI hO. Agalao pRYz pr yah daiya%va maIra jaI tqaa AnaISa jaI pr ]illaiKt haota hO. p`kaSak pazSauiw ko ilae Apnao kma-caarI pr Aaraop maZ,ogaa. prMtu¸ [sa Baro saMsaar maoM¸ pazk iksa sao pUCo ik sahI @yaa hOÆ Qyaana riKegaa ik yaa~aeM laoKk nao kIM¸ p`doSa sarkar¸ rajadUt¸ svaaya<a saMsqaaAaoM nao iva<a–paoYaNa ikyaa¸ haisama saIdat jaI nao Apnaa saaih%yaBaNDar ]plabQa krayaa jaao Baart ko iksaI BaI gaM`qaagaar sao EaoYz hO¸ pr pazk tk jaao p`kaiSat haokr Aayaa ]samaoM¸ ga`Mqa ko BaItr hI AMtiva-raoQaI paz hOM¸ kuC duivaQaa janak paz BaI. [namaoM¸ mah%vapUNa- ga`Mqa ko naato¸ p`amaaiNakta pazk caahogaa AvaSya. iksasao kha jaaeÆ
]wrNa: 
, , ,kstUr ek dUsaro str pr laD,a[- laD, rhI qaIM. maaohnadasa ko vyavahar sao vao caikt qaIM. kuC idna tao vah ]sa pirvat-na kI kuMjaI KaojatI rhIM laoikna jaba maaohnadasa kI vah Daor iKMcatI ga[- tao kstUr nao pUCa¸ "mauJao BaI tao kuC bataAao¸ AaiKr yao saba @yaa hOÆ maOM hr baat maoM tumharo saaqa hUM laoikna yah tumhara saaonaa¸ rat kao qakkr dor sao laaOTnaa¸ tumhara yah vyavahar iksa vajah sao hOÆ [saka karNa maOM hMU yaa kao[- AaOrÆ"
maaohnadasa nao ek imanaT saaocaa¸ ifr kha¸ "tuma nahIM¸ maOM svayaM hUM. maOM tumasao khnaa caahta qaa laoikna vyastta ko karNa [tnaa samaya nahIM imalaa hO ik maOM tumhoM yah saba bata sakUM." , , , 
³pRYz 460´
, , , "saMklp–vaMklp maOM nahIM jaanatI¸ na samaJatI hUM. maOM tao yah jaanatI hMU jaba tumanao caaha¸ dUr calao gae. jaba caaha¸ pasa Aa gae. ]samaoM maorI kao[- BaUimaka nahIM. hmaara [sa trh saaqa rhnaa Saayad phlaI baar hao rha hO. ek baar mauMba[- maoM huAa qaa. tba saaqa rhnao ka Avasar imalaa qaa. vao kD,kI ko idna qao. Gar hI badlato rho gae qao." , , ,
"kstUr¸ tuma ga,lat samaJa rhI hao."
"nahIM¸ maOM tumhoM bahut AcCI trh samaJatI hMU. tuma djaI- kI trh inaNa-ya isalato hao. djaI- kpD,a isalata hO AaOr dUsaro kao phnaa dota hO. caaho vah tMga hao yaa ZIlaa–Zalaa. tuma inaNa-ya laoto hao AaOr mauJao phnaato rho hao. ijasa saMklp kI tuma baat kr rho hao @yaa ]sako ilae ivaSvaasa ja,$rI nahIM. jabaik ]sako ek iknaaro pr tuma hao AaOr dUsaro pr tumharI p%naI." , , ,
³pRYz 460–461´

SarNa sva$p paNDoya

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