pirňmaa

jaOivak hiqayaar iktnao ja,ailama

Aaja jaba yauw AaOr AatMk AKbaaraoM ko ivaYaya banao hue hOMł jaOivak hiqayaaraoM AaOr ]sasao saMňimat laaogaaoM kI K,baroM BaI Aama janata tk phu–ca rhI hOM. AaiKr yao jaOivak hiqayaar hOM @yaa∆ [naka inamaa-Na @yaaoMł kha– AaOr kOsao ikyaa jaata hO∆ ikna doSaaoM ko pasa [nako K,ja,anao hOM AaOr @yaa phlao BaI [naka [stomaala hao cauka hO∆

Aa[yao [na kuC p`SnaaoM ko javaaba ZU–Znao calaoMó kuC rsaayanaao AaOr ]nakao Alaga Alaga ZMga sao Aapsa maoM imalaakr ivaiBanna p`kar kI mahamaarI fOlaanao vaalao kITaNauAaoM kao ivakisat krko saMga`iht krnaa hI jaOva bama yaa baayaao bama khlaata hO. 

maanaa jaata hO ik ivaSva ko kuC hI doSaaoM ko pasa jaOivak hiqayaaraoM kao banaanao kI dxata hO. eosao doSaaoM maoM [-ranał [rakł caInał jaapanał Amaoirkał laIibayaał saIiryaał $sa AaOr BaUtpUva- saaoivayat saMGa ko kuC doSa hOM.

1972 maoM hI [na hiqayaaraoM ko ivaYaya maoM ivaSva kao icaMta nao Aa Gaora qaa AaOr [sa vaYa- ko jaOivak hiqayaar GaaoYaNaa p~ pr 143 doSaaoM nao hstaxar krko [sao p`itbainQat krnao ka AapsaI samaJaaOta ikyaa qaa. ikntu samBaavanaa vya@t kI jaatI hO ik [sako baad BaI kuC doSaao kI p`yaaogaSaalaaAao mao [na pr kama haota rha AaOr vaha– Aaja BaI [nako BaMDar saurixat hO. 

yah saMdoh kao ]sa samaya ]Bar kr saamanao Aayaa jaba 1979 maoM $sa ko svaoyad-laaoAsa kI ek saOinak p`yaaogaSaalaa maoM eMqa`o@sa jaIvaaNau hvaa maoM fOla gae AaOr kafI laaoga [nasao saMňimat hao kr mar gae. yah kao[- AatMkI GaTnaa nahI qaI kovala ek duGa-Tnaa qaI ikntu ivaSva kao [sakI jaanakarI hao gayaI ik ]sa samaya t%kalaIna saaoivayat saMGa enqa`o@sa ko kITaNauAaoM kao ivakisat kr cauka qaa .

Aaja ivaiBanna p`kar ko vaayarsa yau@t jaOivak bama p`kaSa maoM Aa rho hOM. jaOsao baaoTUilajma Plaoga smaala pa@sa ha[D/aojana saayanaayaD sarIna salafr masTaD-sa vaIe@sa evaM sabasao p`mauK eMqa`o@sa hO. [sa p`kar ko lagaBaga 50 jaIvaaNauAaoM kao ivaSva svaasqa saMgazna nao p`itbainQat ikyaa qaa. laoikna Aba eosaa p`tIt haota hO ik [na baIjaaNauAaoM kao AatMkvaadI saMgaznaao nao p`yaaogaSaalaaAaoM sao haisala kr ilayaa hO.

jOaOivak hiqayaar prmaaNau bamaaoM sao BaI khIM jyaada Ktrnaak saaibat hao sakto hO. kla tk jaao duinayaa prmaaNau bamaaoM ko AatMkI haqaaoM maoM haonao sao psaInao psaInao hao rhI qaI.Aaja jaOivak hiqayaaraoM ko AatMkI haqaao maoM jaanao sao dhSat ko eosao xaNaao sao gaujar rhI hO ijasakI klpnaa BaI nahI kI jaa saktI.

eosaa Saayad [sailae BaI hO @yaaoMik jaOivak bama yaa hiqayaar AatMkvaaidyaaoM ko ilae AatMkI gaitivaiQayaaoM kao Anjaama donao ko eosao saugama saaQana bana gayao hOł ijanhMo banaanao ko ilae bahut hI kma laagat kI ja$rt haogaI . famaa-syauiTkla AaOr maoiDkla jaanakarI rKnao vaalaa kao[- BaI vyai@t jaOva bama kao AasaanaI sao tOyaar kr sakta hOł baSato- [sakI tknaIk ]nhMo pta hao.  

ivaSaoYa&aoM ka maananaa hO ik iksaI prmaaNau hmalao ka Asar doKnao ko ilae hjaarao Dalar kI ja$rt pD,ogaI jabaik jaOivak hiqayaaraoM ka duYp`Baava doKnao ko ilae maa~ kuC Dalarao kI ja$rt haogaI AaOr [sakao tOyaar krnao ko ile iksaI ivaiSaYT va jaiTla p`yaaogaSaalaa kI BaI AavaSyakta nahI haotI hO.

 

ABaI AmaoirkI naagairkao ko Aa–saU saUKo nahI ik ek nayaI ivapda enqa`o@sa ko $p mao mau^h baayao KDI hao gayaI . yaaoM tao Amaoirka ko AatMkvaad ivaSaoYa&aoM nao yah AaSaMka phlao hI vya@t kI qaI ik Amaoirka pr jaOivak hiqayaarao sao hmalaa hao sakta hOM. eosao maoM enqa`o@sa Wara huyaI maaOt AaOr k[- marIjaaoM kI hao rhI phcaana sao samast Amaoirka mao KlabalaI maca gayaI.doKto hI doKto pUrI maIiDyaa mao enqa`o@sa kI dhSat Ca gayaI. 

]praYT/pit iDkI caonaI kao khnaa pDa ik [samao AatMkvaaidyaaoM ka haqa BaI hao sakta hO.ef baI Aa[- ko haqa lagao sabaUt BaI [sakI puiYT krnao lagao. vairYz saInaoTr DOSlao kI Dak mao Aae enqa`o@sa ko jaIvaaNauAaoM nao AatMkI dhSat kao carma pr ph^ucaa idyaa tqaa Amaoirka ko ha]sa Aaf irp`ojaonToiTva koaO 5 idnaao ko ilae band krnao kI GaaoYaNaa krnaI pDI.

Amaoirka nao 50 ko dSak maoM enqa`o@sa ko jaIvaaNauAaoM kao vaayaumanDla mao foMknao ka trIka [jaad ikyaa qaa. ijasako jaIvaaNau kafI tapmaana AaOr maaOsama kI isqait maoM BaI naYT nahI haoto hO tqaa [sako Bayaanak p`har sao bacaa BaI nahI jaa sakta. [nakI gamBaIrta kao samaJato hue Amaoirka kI Kuifyaa ejaoinsayaaM [sa samaya pUNa- $p sao kiTbaw hO ik AatMkvaaidyaaoM kao jaOivak hiqayaarao ko ]pkrNa haqa na laganao idyao jaaya.

enqao`@sa jaOivak hiqayaar ko saaqa yah Ktra hooO ik [sako ek gaa`ma ka Arbavaa– ihssaa saOkDao laaogaao kao maaOt kI naIMd saulaanao mao saxama hO. Anya jaOivak hiqayaar enqa`o@sa kI tulanaa maoM jyaada p`BaavaI nahI hOM. AaOr na hI [nako jaIvaaNauAao kao hvaa Wara vaayaumaNDla mao ]Calaa jaa sakta hO. jabaik enqa`o@sa [sa ksaaOTI pr Kra ]tra hO.enqa`o`@sa sao maaOt Balao hI baDo pOmaanao pr na hao sako laoikna ifr BaI pUro samaaja kao ittr ibatr krnao AaOr KaOfja,da krnao ko ile pyaa-Pt hO.

fuFfusa yau@t enqa`o@sa maUlat: GaaoDo bakrI sauAr BaoD Aaid jaanavaraoM mao tojaI sao fOlanao vaalaI baImaarI hO . [sao AasaanaI sao manauYya maoM fOlaayaa jaa sakta hO. Saayad [saIilae yah AatMkvaaidyaaoM ka ek maark hiqayaar bana sakta hO. @yaaoMik fuFfusaIya enqa`o@sa maanava fofDaoM maoM bahut tojaI sao saMk`imat haota hO.

ivaSva ko Anaokao doSaaoM maoM enqa`o@sa Baro ilafafaoM ka phu–canaa jaarI hO. Amaoirka AaOr konyaa maoM safod pa]Dr ko ilafafo sao laaogaao kI maaOt kI puiYT huyaI hO. yaVip Amaoirka AaOr konyaa kao CaoDkr khIM enqa`o@sa ka maamalaa saIQao p`kaSa mao nahI Aayaa loaikna caIna iba`Tona Aaor Baart maoM BaI ilafafo ka AatMk ]%trao%tr fOlata jaa rha hO. 

ilafafaoM Wara AatMk fOlaanao vaalaao ka ek vyaapk tn~ hO. vao ivaSaoYa $p sao ]na doSaao kao inaSaanaa banaanao maoM lagao hOM jaao Aatkvaad kI purjaaor iKlaaft krto hOM. dhSat fOlaanao ka yah trIka inaiScat $p sao ek Ktrnaak saaijaSa ka p`a$p hO. @yaaoik yah hvaa[- saovaa Wara maIiDyaa Dak saovaaAaoM kao baaiQat krko samaUcaI duinayaa kao Alaga qalaga kr donao kI kui%sat maMSaa hO.

Aaja AavaSyakta hO ivaSva ko saBaI doSaao kao saamaUihk $p sao [sa GaRiNat AaOr AmaanavaIya kR%ya ko pICo iCpo hue coahrao kao baonakaba krnao mao ek jauTta idKanao kI. ivaSaoYa $p sao ]na doSaao sao jaao ApnaI saurxaa ko naama pr [sa trh ko Gaatk jaOivak hiqayaarao kao caaorI iCpo ApnaI p`yaaogaSaalaaAaoM maoM ivakisat krto rho hOM. 

tBaI [sa Aasanna Ktro kI kalaI Cayaa sao maanava saByata AaOr maanavata kao inajaat idlaanao ko ilae pUrI duinayaa ko saaqa ek jauT haokr kaya- ikyaa jaa sakta hO Anyaqaa inarIh [saanaao ko KUna ko CITo ]nako damana kao klauiYat krto rhogao AaOr [ithasa ko pnnaao pr ]nakI Civa BaI maanavaI ijandigayaaoM ko h%yaaro kao $p maoM icainht haotI rhogaI.

ó baRjaoSa kumaar Sau@la

1 idsaMbar 2001