pirËmaa idllaI drbaar

Alaivada klpnaaÑ Alaivada baccanaÑÑ

AMtirxa  p`xaopNa yaana kaolaimbayaa pr savaar haokr dUsarI baar AMtirxa yaa~a pr gayaI BaartIya maUla kI phlaI maihlaa AMtirxa naaiyaka klpnaa caavalaa AaOr [ja`a[la ko p`qama AMtirxa yaa~I kna-la [laana rOmaaola ko Alaavaa paMca AmarIkI yaa~I BaI qao jaao ivaiBanna raogaao ko [laaja ko ilae dvaaMe ivakisat krnao ko AiBayaana pr qao. AiBayaana kI vaapsaI maoM ]trto samaya kaolaimbayaa yaana }Mcaa[- pr Aaga kI lapTaoM sao iGar kr TukDo TukDo hao gayaa ijasamaoM klpnaa caavalaa samaot saBaI AMtirxa yaai~yaaoM kI dd-naak maaOt hao gayaI. 

[sa )dya ivadark GaTnaa sao samaUcaa ivaSva evaM BaartIya mana vyaiqat hao gayaa. TIvaI pr klpnaa caavalaa ko AMtirxa yaana kI laOMiDga doKnao kao baotaba AaMKo AaOr KuSaI sao dmak rho caohrao pr AaMsauAaoM ka saOlaaba ]maD pDa. hiryaaNaa rajya ko krnaala maoM janmaI¸ pMjaaba [MjaIinayairMga kalaoja kI Ca~a klpnaa caavalaa nao Amaoirka ko Toksaasa ivaSva ivaValaya sao snaatk AaOr kaolaaoraDao sao Da@TroD kI ]paiQa p`aPt kI qaI. 

42 vaYaI-ya klpnaa  naasaa maoM AiBayaana ivaSaoYa& ko $p maoM jauDI qaI. Balao hI klpnaa Amaoirka  maoM basa gayaI qaI ifr BaI hr BaartIya kao ]na pr naaja qaa AaOr yahI karNa qaa ik Baart  maoM p`vaasaI idvasa pr [inDyaa TuDo nao ]naka ica~ AavarNa pr p`kaiSat ikyaa qaa. BaartIya raYT/pit klaama¸ p`Qaanaman~I baajapo[- nao [sa duBaa-gyapUNa- ApUNa-naIya xait pr gahrI saMvaodnaa vya@t ikyaa. BaartIya saMsad nao ba`*maaND kI ]caa[-yaaM caUmanao vaalao ba`*maaND maoM ivalaIna [na puraoQaaAaoM kao Baava BaInaI EawaMjaila Aip-t kI.

Baart kI rajaQaanaI na[- idllaI ko p`gait maOdana maoM p`qama p`vaasaI idvasa pr p`Qaanaman~I ATlaibaharI baajapo[- nao ]dGaaTna ]dbaaoQana pr jaba ApnaI kivata ko yao Sabd kho ik  "jaba jaI caaho Aa jaanaa sada Kulao hOM War¸ sada hmaaro idla maoM basato kOsao kho maohmaana"¸ saunato hI pUra vaatavarNa Baavauk hao ]za. 9 janavarI 1912 mao maha%maa gaaMQaI ka dixaNa Af`Ika sao Baart  Aagamana  kI yaad kao eotahaisak banaanao ko ivaSaoYa $p sao [sa idvasa ka cayana ikyaa gayaa.

Da laxmaI malla isaMGavaI kI isafarSaao ko maddonajar p`Qaanama~I baajapo[- nao [MglaOMD¸ Amaoirka¸ knaaDa¸ nyaUjaI laOMD¸ AsTo/ilayaa AaOr isaMgaapur maoM rhnao vaalao BaartvaMiSayaaoM kao daohrI naagairkta ka ]phar idyaa. kuC cauinanda  doSaaoM ko p`vaasaI BaartIyaaoM kao mataiQakar donao ko sambanQa maoM BaartIya sarkar ka maananaa hO ik ]nhI doSaaoM ko naagairkao kao yah AiQakar idyaa jaa sakta hO¸ jahaÐ daohrI naagairkta ka ivaQaana  hO. 

]na doSaaoM ko naagairkaoM kao yah AiQakar nahI idyaa jaa sakta¸ jahaÐ vaOQaainak $p sao daohrI naagairkta pr raok lagaI hao. saurxaa karNaao sao BaI saBaI doSaaoM ko rhnao vaalao BaartIya maUla ko laaogaao kao daohrI naagirkta ka laaBa nahI idyaa jaa sakta.

gaaOrtlaba hO ik lagaBaga 20 imailayana BaartIya 110 sao jyaada doSaaoM mao rhto hOM¸AaOr Anaumaana ko mautaibak lagaBaga 400 ivailayana Dalar ]nakI saalaanaa Aaya hO.[sa Avasar pr BaartIya maUla ko 10 histyaaoM kao p`Qaanaman~I nao p`vaasaI sammaana sao navaajaa. Baart vaaisayaao ko gama- jaaoSaI sao huyao sammaana sao ek nayaa AQyaaya Sau$ huAa¸ ijasasao Baart maoM pUMjaI inavaoSa baZnao kI samBaavanaa ]jjavala huyaI.

 

dSaWar sao saaopana tk kI  saIiZyaaM caZto huyao maQauSaalaa ko Amar kiva ihndI ko maUQa-nya¸ laaokip`ya kiva Da hirvaMSa raya baccana ka 96 vaYa- kI Aayau maoM inaQana hao gayaa. maumba[- maoM $[yaa ko baOkuz AaEama SmaSaana maoM ]naka paiqa-va SarIr pMcat%va maoM ivalaIna huAa. 

saMgama [laahabaad maoM Apnao ipta ka Aisqa–klaSa laokr Aayao maogaa sTar AimataBa baccana ko kaiflao maoM maQauSaalaa kI $baa[yaaoM kI kuC baato saca haotI idKI ‘maoro Sava ko pICo calanao vaalaao yaad [sao rKnaa¸ rama naama hO sa%ya na khnaa¸  khnaa saccaI maQauSaalaa" kao cairtaqa- krto hue ]sa idna [laahabaad maoMo maQauSaalaa kI hr p`it ibak gayaI. Saama kao iktabaaoM kI dUkana pr  phucanao vaalao maQauSaalaa p`oimayaaoM kao KalaI haqa hI laaOTnaa pD,a. saMgama pr pUjaa paz krto AimataBa baccana va Apnao cahoto AiBanaota kao doKnao ko ilayao ]maDI p`SaMsakao kI BaID maoM  BaI vahI dIvaanagaI AaOr ek Jalak pa laonao kI Aaturta qaI.

rajaQaanaI nayaI idllaI maoM gaNatn~ kI 54 vaIM vaYa-gaaMz pr Aayaaoijat samaaraoh ko gavaah rho rajakIya maohmaana [-ranaI raYT/pit KatmaI ijanako sammaana maoM 21 taopao kI salaamaI dI gayaI. [-ranaI raYT/pit nao AatMkvaad ka sama-qana krnao vaalao doSaaoM ko p`it daohro maapdMD Apnaanao kI naIit ka ivaraoQa ikyaa. Baart AaOr [-rana nao  na[- idllaI GaaoYaNaa p~ pr hstaxar kr sambanQaaoM kao na[- }Mcaa[- dI AaOr AapsaI irSto kI Daor kao majabaUt ikyaa. ]darvaadI naota ko $p maoM ApnaI Civa banaa cauko KatmaI nao AatMkvaad pr BaartIya $K ka sama-qana ikyaa.

]p p`Qaana man~I laalakRYNa AaDvaanaI ApnaI ktr yaa~a ko daOrana AmaIr SaoK hmad Ala ibana KlaIfa AlaqaanaI sao maulaakat kr Aaga`h ikyaa ik vah raojagaar ko ilayao yahaM Aanao vaalao Anya doSaaoM ko naagairkao kao Apnao Apnao Qama- ko Anausaar pUjaa krnao va vyai@tgat Qaaima-k svatn~ta ]plabQa krayaoM. kaibalao gaaOr hO ik ktr ek mauislama raYT/ hO yahaÐ [slaama ko Alaavaa  iksaI Anya Qama- ko palana kI [jaajat nahI hO,. ktr naotR%va nao ]nako sauJaava kao kafI gamBaIrta sao ilayaa AaOr kha ik Apnao p`staivat saMivaQaana maoM vao eosaa p`avaQaana rKnao pr ivacaar kr sakto hOM.

AatMkI saMgazna Alakayada kI KbaraoM kao p`saairt krnao ko ilayao ivaSvaiva#yaat caOnala AlajajaIra ko saaxaa%kar ko p`stava kao AaDvaanaI nao nakar idyaa. AaDvaanaI  tIna idna kI qaa[laOMD kI yaa~a mao vahaM ko p`Qaanama~I qaakisana iSavaa~a sao BaoMTkr ivaSva maoM baZto AatMkvaad  AaOr saurxaa ko ivaYaya pr ivastRt ivacaar ivama-Sa ikyaa tqaa daonaao doSaaoM nao AatMkvaad ko iKlaaf jaarI laDa[- maoM knQao sao knQaa imalaakr sahyaaoga ko ilayao p`%yaapNa- sainQa  pr sahmait vya@t kI. &at hao ik Baart ko k[- ku#yaat AatMikyaaoM nao qaa[-laOMD maoM izkanaa banaa rKa hO jahaÐ rhkr vao ApnaI AatMkI gaitivaiQayaaoM kao AMjaama do rho hOM. [sa vajah sao daonaao doSaaoM  ko maQya p`%yaapNa- sainQa pr rjaamaMdI haonaa Baart ko ilayao baDI saflata hO. [sako Aitir@t Anya xao~ao maoM BaI iWpxaIya sahyaaoga pr bala idyaa gayaa.

ivaSva ik`koT ko 8vaoM mahasamar maoM dixaNa Af`Ika kI ]Cala evaM isvaMga laotI huyaI ipcaaoM pr BaartIya ik`koT saonaa kao ballaobaajaI ko saaqa hI kuSala xao~ rxaNa kI Aigna prIxaa sao gaujarnaa haogaa. BaartIya ik`koT ka saara daraomadar caar mahariqayaaoM saaOrva¸ tondulakr¸ d`ivaNa AaOr sahvaaga ko knQaaoM pr inaBa-r haogaa. Aaka`mak kPtana gaaMgaulaI ko saUJa baUJa Baro inaNa-ya ivajaya EaI varNa krnao maoM inaNaa-yak saaibat haMogao.

— baRjaoSa kumaar Sau@la