pirËmaa maolabana- kI mahk

AasT/oilayaa kI Aavaaja

hirhr Jaa

PahlaI baar jaba AasTo/ilayaa Aanao ko ilayao ek BaartIya ima~ sao ivada laI tao na SauBakamanaa na caotavanaI¸ vao Apnao sanakI Andaja mao baaolao “jaaAao jaaAao BaartBaUima ka hI jaao ihssaa hjaaraoM saala phlao hmasao ibaCD, gayaa hO ]sasao saMpk- saaQanao tumho jaÉr vahaM jaanaa caaihyao.” mauJao iksaI pustk mao pZ,I  baat Acaanak maoro ima~ kI baat ka saMdBa- do ga[- pr kuuC jaOsao kao tOsaa baaolanao kI KujalaI mao kh Dalaa “gauɸ na maO mahaWIpaoM kI sath ka [ithasa rKta hUM na maO AasT/oilayaa kI inajaI-va maaTI sao snaana krnaa caahta hUM . MmaO tao vasauQaOva kuTuMbakma\ kao ma_onajar rK kr AasT/oilayaavaaisayaaoM ko baIca rh kr vahaM kI saMskRit ko baaro mao BaI kuC jaananaa caahta hUM.”

khnao kao tao kh Dalaa pr yahaM AasTo/ilayaa Aakr ek baar tao svayaM kao pr kTo pMCI saa payaa . saca BaI hO – ek icaiD,yaa¸ ek baCD,a yaa ek paOQaa @yaa krogaa jaba ]sao ApnaI hI maaTI sao ]KaD, ilayaa jaaya Æ @yaa krogaa ek [Msaana jaba ivadoSa ka Apiricat AavarNa prayaa saa mahsaUsa haonao lagao . [sa duinayaavaI prmaa%maa mao BaI ApnaI Aa%maa kao ZUMZnao ka p`yaasa tao krogaa hI naÑ yahI ikyaa yahaM ko tmaama BaartIyaao nao. vaOsao tao kha jaata hO ik yahaM p`qama BaartIya koPTona kuk ko saaqa Aayaa qaa pr AasTo/ilayaa mao BaartvaaisayaaoM ka TaolaI mao p`qama Aagamana  ]nnaIsavaI SatabdI mao huAa ijanamao AiQaktr laaoga majadUr qao tba BaI ]nhaonao pirEama sao ]pjao Aanand–Baava AaOr pairvaairk saMskRit kao nahIM CaoDa ifr Acaanak 1901 ko e@T ko tht nayao BaartIya Aanao band hao gayao. ‘Svaot–AasT/oilayaa’ kI naIit ka baaolabaalaa lagaBaga iWtIya mahayauw ko Ant tk rha¸ ijasasao BaartIyaaoM kI saM#yaa lagaBaga 7000 pr Aakr $k saI ga[-.

dUsara daOr 1950 sao SauÉ huAa jaba eMglaao–[MiDyana samaudaya kao yahaM Aanao ko ilayao  ZIla dI ga[- ijanho janagaNanaa mao baakayada ‘BaartIya’ haonao kI phcaana imalaI. QaIro QaIro rMgaBaod kI naIit Aintma saaMsao laotI hu[- dma taoD, ga[- AaOr 1966 sao ]sa navayauga ka saU~pat huAa ijasamao BaartIyaaoM kao yaaogyata ko AaQaar pr Aanao mao kao[- kiznaa[- nahI hu[- AaOr Aba iPaClaI janagaNanaa ko Anausaar BaartvaiSaMyaaoM kI saM#yaa 190 hjaar tk phuMca ga[-. ifjaI mao saOinak ivad`aoh ko baad jaba vahaM BaartIyaaoM kao p`taiD,t ikyaa gayaa tao vao BaI yahaM Aakr basa gayao. [nhaonao tao yahaM ko BaartIya jana–jaIvana ka na@Saa hI badla Dalaa. jahaM Baart sao Aayao p`vaasaI Apnao xao~ mao ivaiSaYT jaanakarI ko  baUto pr naaOkiryaaM haMisala krto rho vahaM ifjaI BaartIya Apnao vyavasaaya va vyaapar mao kafI p`gaitSaIla rho. Aaja yaid BaartIya is~yaaM yahaM saaiDyaaM,  AaOr gahnao KrId patI hO tao [samao ifjaI ihndustainayaaoM kI vyaapairk dxata ka bahut baDa yaaogadana hO. kuC vaYaao- sao jaba gaujaratI vyaapairyaaoM ka AÍIka sao Aanaa Sau$ huAa ifr tao khnaa hI @yaaÑ  Aba jaba  ihndI–isanaomaa yahaM tk ik BaartIya naa[T–@laba BaI ]plabQa hOM tao pnd`h–baIsa vaYa- PaUva- Aayao p`vaasaI CaoTI–CaoTI vastu ko ABaava ka AaOr Akolaopna ka ‘gaujara jamaanaa’ yaad kr saba kao caaMOka doto hOM.  

yahaM BaartIyaaoM nao ApnaI saMskRit kao jaIivat rKnao ko ilayao marazI¸ gaujaratI¸ timala¸ baMgaalaI Aaid esaaoisayaoSana banaanao Sau$ ikyao pr [tnao maSagaUla hao gayao Apnao BaaYaa[- AaOr xaoi~ya saMGa mao ik AasT/oilayaa sarkar ko saamanao ek BaartIya caohra banaa kr KD,o haonao mao kafI kiznaa[yaaoM ka saamanaa krnaa pD,a. Anaudana Kaoto Kaoto k[- Aqak p`yaasaaoM ko baad ek foDroSana¸ ek ‘Cata–saMsqaa’ banaanao mao safla hao gayao.

tao baat calaI qaI ivadoSaI vaatavarNa mao jaUJanao kI . AaËmaNa yaa plaayana kI  maUla p`vaRi<a ko inayama ko Anausaar kuC laaoga plaayana ka sahara BaI lao laoto hOM, . janagaNanaa ka maksad haota hO ik hr vyai@t  sarkar kao Apnao Aist<va sao sahI phcaana krvaayao ijasasao sarkar kao ApnaI naIit laagaU krnao mao sahayata imalao . yaid ihndIBaaYaI hIna Baavanaa ko iSakar hao kr ihndI kao ApnaI maatRBaaYaa GaaoiYat krnao sao [nkar kr doMgao tao vao sarkar sao kOsao Apoxaa rK sakto hOM ik naIit–inaQaa-rNa ko samaya ]nakI BaaYaa ko saaqa nyaaya hao paayagaaÆ imaiDyaa mao kafI p`caar ko baad [sa halaat mao Aba  sauQaar Aa payaa hO. Baa[- tojaond` Samaa- pirk`maa mao batato hO ik iksa p`kar yaU ko mao ]nhoM va ]nako sahyaaoigayaaoM kao ihndI kao Apnaa sqaana idlaanao ko ilayao jaUJanaa pD,a. yaid hma yahaM ihndIsaovaI saMsqaaAaoM kI sadsyata ga`hNa krnao mao BaI ihcaikcaayaoMgao yaa pdaiQakarI bananao ko baad rajanaOitk davapoca sao saMsqaaAaoM kao  ivaGaTna ko kgaar pr phuMcaa dogao tao hma dor sabaor hI sahI iksako pOraoM pr kulhaD,I calaa rho hOM yah batanao kI AavaSyakta nahIM hO.

eosaa khnaa BaI Anyaaya haogaa ik yahaM pr AiQakaMSa BaartvaasaI [sa piriQa mao Aajaato hOM bailk inaYkama kma-yaaoigayaaoM kI BaI yahaM kmaI nahIM hO. kMPyaUTr jaOsao Apnao Apnao xao~ mao lagao huyao BaartIyaaoM kao rajanaIit yaa kUTnaIit ko ilayao samaya BaI nahIM hO. ApnaI saMskRit kI rxaa ko saaqa saaqa ]nho AasT/oilayaavaaisayaaoM sao imala jaula kr rhnaa BaI KUba Aata hO . yahaM pr BaartvaasaI ‘GaoTao’ banaakr nahIM rhto balkI jahaM BaI ]nho kama imalata hO ]sako Aasapasa Apnaa Gar ikrayao pr lao laoto hO yaa KrId laoto hO. yah [saI baat ka p``maaNa hO ik vao iksaI p`kar kI Asaurxaa kI Baavanaa ko iSakar nahIM hOM. jauAa, D/ga yaa ApraQa ko xao~ mao nahI,M bailk AadSa- naagairk ko ]dahrNa ko $p mao p`stut ikyao jaa sakto hOM. mau#yatyaa yao Apnao  xao~ mao  dxata ko AaQaar pr Aayao hOÂ [nho Daola pr rh kr svaaiBamaana pr caaoT Aanao donaa kt[- psand nahIM. [sa trh yao yahaM kI Aqa- vyavasqaa mao sakara%mak Ép sao yaaogadana krto rho hOM.

yahaM  BaartvaMSaI iksa p`kar AasT/oilayaavaaisayaaoM ko saaqa maolajaaola baZ,ato  hOM AaOr iksaI ko AaMK kI ikrikrI nahIM banato [saka ek p`maaNa pa^ilana honsana naamak ‘roisasT’ maanaI jaanao vaalaI rajanaota kI iTPpNaI sao imalata hO . jaao pa^ilana honsana yahaM ko maUla inavaaisayaaoM AaOr caIna sao Aayao p`vaaisayaaoM ko p`it kafI Anaudar ivacaar rKtI hO jaba ]sasao BaartvaMiSayaaoM pr iTPpNaI krnao kao kha gayaa tao nakara%mak baat saunanao kI Apoxaa rKnao vaalao p~kar kao hYa-imaiEat AaScaya- ka saamanaa krnaa pD,a. khnaa na haogaa BaartvaasaI ApnaI phcaana AaOr  Aismata banaayao rK kr BaI yahaM kI Aama janata ko saaqa dUQa AaOr panaI kI trh Gaulaimala jaato hOM. 

Aba jara BaartvaiSaMyaaoM ko baoTo–baoiTyaa @yaa krtI hOM [sa pr najar daOD,a[- jaaya. Amaoirka yaa iba`Tona kI trh yahaM tIsarI caaoqaI pIZ,I haonao kI Apoxaa rKnaa vyaqa- hO @yaaoMik p`vaasa ka maaga- hI ApoxaakRt bahut samaya baad Kulaa hO. p`vaaisayaaoM kI saMtanao ‘jasa baap tsa baoTa’ vaalaI khavat cairtaqa- krtI hOM. ihndustanaI Ca~aoM  ka AiQaktma p`itSat baocalasa- yaa maasTsa- iDga`I tk AvaSya phuMcata hO vah BaI maoiDisana¸ laa^¸ AiBayaain~kI¸ kMPyaUTr¸ kaomasa- va vyaapar Aaid ko xao~ mao . maata ipta bacapna sao hI baccaaoM mao mah%vaakaMxaa ko  baIja raopto hO jaao iSaxaa ko xao~ mao spYT Ép sao d`iYTgaaocar haota hO.saaqa hI Aba tao Baart mao rhnao vaalao Ca~aoM kao ek nayaa svaiNa-ma maaOka haqa lagaa hO. yahaM pr ivaSvaivaValaya Aaiqa-k $p sao saudRZ,, nahIM haonao sao pUrI fIsa donao vaalao Ca~aoM kI kmaI ]nho AKrtI hO.  ‘AnQaa @yaa caaho dao AaMKo’ kao cairtaqa- kr na kovala yahaM kI lagaBaga dsa–baIsa ‘yaUnaI’ Baart ko Ca~aoM kao yahaM PaZ,nao ko ilayao p`ao%saaiht krtI hOMÂ Baart mao basao Ca~ BaI jama kr sTUDonT ivasaa ilayao laxmaI dokr sarsvatI kI AaraQanaa ko ilayao calao Aato hOM.yahaM iksaI BaI saaMskRitk gaitivaiQa mao yahI Ca~ Baart kI traotajaa hvaa kao laakr ]sako JaaMoko sao na[- sfUtI- Bar doto hOM.

BaartIyaaoM ko ilayao Amaoirka kI pukar jaba mand hao rhI hO tao AasT/oilayaa Aba BaI Aavaaja do rha hO. hma rahula saaMskR%yaayana ka dd- samaJa sakto hOM ik janasaM#yaa ko Baar sao dbaa Baart maQyayauga kI kUpmaMDUk AasqaaAaoM ko karNa AasT/oilayaa kI Aimat BaUima va Apar saMpi<a kI Kaoja sao vaMicat rh gayaa. pr Aba jaba Baart ‘samaud` par krnao sao pap laganao’ jaOsaI saD,I galaI maanyataAaoM kao itlaaMjaila do cauka hO tao ‘jaagao tba sao saubah’ kao maana kr @yaaoM na AasT/oilayaa pr najar daOD,a[- jaaya jaao svaiNa-ma AvasaraoM sao hmaara svaagat krnao kao tOyaar hO.

janavarI 2004