iva&ana vaata-

maMgala ga`h ka kuSala–maMgala
laonao phuĐcao dao yaana
Da gau$ dyaala p`dIp 

maMgala ga`h pr ]tra raobaaoT yaana
ivastRt ica~ ko ilae [sa ica~ kao i@lak kroM

iva&ana kI duinayaa maoM janavarI 2004 kI sabasao caica-t KbaroM ‘ ispirT’ evaM ‘Apa^rcauinaTI’naamak dao AmaoirkI Gauma@kD, yaanaaoM ko ]trnao tqaa vahaĐ sao p`oiYat tsvaIraoM sao hI jauD,I rhI hOM. frvarI maah BaI [na yaaanaaoM ko karnaamaaoM sao ACUta nahIM rha hO.

maMgala ga`h  , , , Balaa kaOna nahIM piricat hO [sasaoĆ yah laala ga`h hmaaro hI saaOr–maMDla ka sadsya hO. dUrI ko ihsaaba sao saUya- ka caaOqaa ga`h. hmaarI pRqvaI kI tulanaa maoM saUya- sao lagaBaga DoZ, gaunaa dUr¸ Aakar maoM AaQaa , ,, , , Aaid &ana p`a[marI skUla ko baccaaoM kao BaI kra idyaa jaata hO. qaaoDI AaOr KaojaI inagaah DalaoM tao pta calata hO ik hmaaro saaOr maMDla ko Anya ga`haoM kI tulanaa maoM yahaĐ ka saMsaar hmaarI pRqvaI ko kafI krIba hO. yahaĐ ka idna BaI krIba caaObaIsa GaMTo ka haota hO tqaa [sako Axa ka Jaukava BaI lagaBaga QartI ko hI samaana hO. prMtu [sako vaatavarNa maoM kaba-na–Da[-–Aa@saa[D kI bahutayat hO¸ 2sao 3 p`itSat naa[T/aojana tqaa qaaoD,I–bahut maa~a maoM Aaga-na tqaa inayaa^na jaOsaI inaiYk`ya gaOsaaoM ko saaqa Ait saUxma maa~a maoM hI Aa^@saIjana tqaa vaaYp ko $p maoM panaI maaOOjaUd hO. [saka AiQakaMSa Baaga pqarIlao pdaqaaMo-M sao imala kr banaa hO ijasamaoM laaoho jaOsao BaarI t%vaaoM kI maa~a kafI kma hO flatÁ QartI kI tulanaa maoM yah lagaBaga dsa gaunaa hlka hO.

ApnaI kxaa maoM GaUmato hue yah ga`h 687 idnaaoM ko Apnao saala maoM jaba ek baar saUya- ko sabasao krIba Aata hO tba BaI [sakI dUrI lagaBaga 2060 laaK ik  ,maI , haotI hO AaOr jaba saUya- sao sabasao dUr jaata hO tao [sakI dUrI lagaBaga 2490 laaK ik  ,maI , haotI hO. QartI ko pasa sao gaujarto hue BaI yah kma sao kma 560 laaK ik ,maI , kI dUrI tao banaae hI rKta hO. ipClao 50 –60 hjaar vaYaao-M maoM 27 Agast 2003 ko idna yah ga`h pqvaI ko sabasao krIba– maa~ 557 laaK ik ,maI ,dUr qaa. [sa idna ko lagaBaga CÁ mahInao pUva- pRqvaI sao [sakI dUrI lagaBaga 2800 laaK ik ,maI ,qaI. [saka AaOsat tapk`ma –23 iDga`I saoMTIga`D ko Aasa–pasa rhta hO. haĐlaaik saUya- ko najadIk rhnao kI isqait maoM 40 p`itSat jyaada p`kaSa panao ko karNa yah qaaoD,a gama- rhta h¸O prMtu dUr rhnao kI isqait maoM tao yah bahut hI zMDa rhta hO.

said-yaaoM sao yah ga`h hmaaro kaOtuhla ka ivaYaya rha hO. ihndU–paOraiNak kqaaAaoM ko Anausaar [sao QartI – pu~ maanaa gayaa hO. jaba QartI Aqaah saagar maoM DUbaI hu[- qaI tba Bagavaana ivaYNau nao Apnao varah Avatar maoM [sao ]za kr samauicat kxaa maoM rKa qaa. maaĐ QartI nao kRt& hao kr ivaYNau Bagavaana sao ek pu~ p`dana krnao kI ivanatI kI. maMgala ga`h kI ]%pi<a ]saI ka pirNaama hO. ek Anya imaqak ko Anausaar yah ga`h Bagavaana iSava evaM pRqvaI kI saMtana hO. janma sao lao kr maR%yau pya-Mt¸ maanava–jaIvana ko hr xaNa pr vaOsao tao saBaI ga`haoM kI dSaa evaM isqait ka p`Baava pD,ta hO–eosaa jyaaoitYa–Saais~yaaoM ka maananaa hO. [sa saMdBa- maoM maMgala ka ivaSaoYa mah<va hO. [saka saMbaMQa bahutoro maanavaaoicat gauNaaoM evaM [cCaAaoM sao maanaa jaata hO. majabaUt isqait maoM yah bahadurI¸ takt¸ dRZ,–[cCa Sai> kao baZ,anao vaalaa¸ pu$Ya%va ka p`tIk tqaa ivaprIt pirisqayaaoM pr ivajaya idlaanao vaalaa maanaa jaata hO . paScaa%ya saMskRit maoM raomana imaqak ko Anausaar [sao dovaI baolaaonaa ko pit evaM vaInasa ko p`omaI jaUnaao kI saMtana maanaa jaata hO. [sakI p`itYza yauw¸ kRiYa tqaa rajya–dovata ko $p maoM qaI. AMga`ojaI maoM maaca- maah ko naama ka ]d\gama maasa- hI hO. ihndI maoM saPtah ko ek idna ka naama maMgala ko naama pr rKa gayaa hO.

pRqvaI ko sabasao najadIkI  tqaa [sasao kuC samaanataAaoM ko karNa [sa ga`h kao jaananao–samaJanao kI ]%saukta hmaaro mana maoM sadOva rhI hO. 1887 maoM saMBavatÁ phlaI baar ek [Toilayana pujaarI pIT/ao saoica nao [sa ga`h pr isqat p`kRit–inaima-t caOnaolsa kao doKnao ka davaa ikyaa. Agalao hI vaYa- maMgala ga`h ka ek na@Saa BaI p`kaiSat ikyaa gayaa ijasamaoM Anya ivaSaoYataAaoM ko saaqa–saaqa saIQaI ktar maoM isqat eosaI caOnaolsa kao BaI dSaa-yaa gayaa ijasao [na laaogaaoM nao’kOnaalaI’ ka naama idyaa ijasaka AMga`ojaI maoM vaastivak Anauvaad ‘caOnaola’ haonaa caaihe. iksaI ivaBa`ma ko karNa [nhoM ‘kOnaala’ ka naama do idyaa gayaa AaOr laaogaaoM maoM imaqyaa–AvaQaarNaa fOlanao lagaI ik yao nahroM [sa ga`h ko bauiwmaana evaM bahadur inavaaisayaaoM ko Aqak pirEama ka pirNaama hOM. [na nahraoM Wara yao laaoga ApnaI fsalaaoM kI isaMcaa[- ko ilae Qa`uvaaoM pr ipGalatI baf- ko panaI ka ]pyaaoga krto hOM. [sa AvaQaarNaa ka QauAaĐQaar p`caar pisa-vaala laa^vaola nao 1895 maoM ApnaI iktaba Wara ikyaa. haĐlaaik saBaI laaoga [sa AvaQaarNaa sao sahmat tao nahIM qao ifr BaI [sako karNa [sa ga`h pr saMBavatÁ iksaI na iksaI p`kar ko jaIvana ka haonaa saca maana ilayaa gayaa tqaa kiqat ]D,na tStiryaaoM ka saMBaaivat ]d\gama sqalaaoM maoM [sao BaI maana ilayaa gayaa. na jaanao iktnaI ‘e@sT/a ToroisT/yala jaIvaaoM’ ko pRqvaI pr Aanao–jaanao saMbaMQaI kivatAaoM¸ khainayaaoM maoM maMgala ga`h ka naama Aanao lagaa. [sa ivaBa`ma kI isqait baIsavaIM sadI tk banaI rhI.

naanaa p`kar ko maMgala–AmaMgala¸imaqakaoM tqaa ivaBa`MityaaoM sao jauD,o maMgala ga`h sao hmaara yahaĐ kuC laonaa–donaa nahIM hO AaOr na hI kao[- bahsa–mausaaihbaa. hmaara ]_oSya tao AaQauinak ]pkrNaaoM¸saMyaM~aoM tqaa saaQanaaoM sao laOsa vaO&ainakaoM Wara [sa ga`h ko kuSala–maMgala kI jaanakarI ko saMbaMQa maoM ike jaa rho sad\p`yaasaaoM sao Aap kao piricat krnaa hO.

haĐlaaik Toilaskaop Wara ike gae inarIxaNa ko pirNaama sva$p 1940 tk hI hmaoM &ana hao gayaa qaa ik maMgala ga`h pr jaIvana ko mau#ya AaQaar – mau> Aa^@saIja,na evaM d`va $p maoM panaI ko haonao kI saMBaavanaa na ko barabar hO. prMtu yahaĐ ko vaatavarNa tqaa sath kI p`kRit ko baaro maoM kuC–kuC sahI jaanakarI tBaI sao imala pa rhI hO jaba sao hmaaro AMtirxa yaana [sa ga`h ko ibalkula pasa phuĐca kr yaa ifr yahaĐ ]tr kr [saka Avalaaokna kr pa rho hOM .

1965 maoM maOirnar 4 nao sabasao phlao [sa ga`h ko sath kI bahut pasa sao tsvaIroM laonao maoM saflata pa[-. [sako Wara laI ga[-M 22 QauĐQalaI tsvaIraoM nao hI hmaoM yah &ana do idyaa ik ka^ba-na–Da[-–Aa^@saa[D kI bahutayat vaalaa [saka vaayaumaMDla bahut hI JaInaa hO tqaa [saka dbaava QartI ko vaayaumaMDla kI tulanaa maoM maa~ saaOvaoM ihssao ko barabar hO. [sakI sath baD,o –baD,o samatla gaD\ZaoM sao pTI hu[- hO. na tao khIM jaIvana ko icanh hOM¸ na hI tqaakiqat maMgala ga`h vaaisayaaoM Wara inaima-t nahroM Aqavaa na hI iksaI na[- BaaOgaoilak gaitivaiQa ka p`maaNa.

1969 maoM [sako pasa sao gaujarnao vaalao dao Anya AMtirxa yaanaaoM nao Apnao Sai>SaalaI kOmaraoM sao [sa ga`h ko kuC ihssaaoM kI pirYkRt tsvaIroM BaojaIM. prMtu [sa ga`h ko AnavaoYaNa ko nae yauga ka saU~pat 1971 tqaa 1976 maoM [sako caaraoM Aaor ca@kr lagaanao vaalao Aa^ribaTr AMtirxa yaana maOirnar 9  tqaa vaa[ikMga 1 evaM 2 ko vahaĐ Baojao jaanao ko saaqa huAa. [sa yaana  nao maMgala ga`h kI lagaBaga pUrI sath ka baar–baar ica~ laonao maoM saflata pa[-¸ ijasako flasva$p yahaĐ haonao vaalao maaOsamaI tqaa dIGa-kailak pirvat-naaoM ka Avalaaokna saMBava hao saka.

maOOirnar 9 kao tao vahaĐ phuĐcato hI saMpUNa- ga`h pr cala rhI QaUla kI Bayaanak AaĐQaI ka saamanaa krnaa pD,a AaOr Agalao tIna maah tk QartI pr tsvaIroM Baojanao ko ilae p`tIxaa krnaI pD,I. AaĐQaI ko baad isqar haotI QaUla ko gaubaar ko baIca  ApnaI caaoTI ka dSa-na krato caar Ait ivaSaalakaya jvaalaamauKIya pva-taoM kI tsvaIraoM nao QartI pr hlacala macaa dI. hvaa[- WIp–samaUh pr isqat [sa QartI ka sabasao ivaSaalakaya jvaalaamauKIya pva-t BaI maMgala pr doKo gae [sa p`kar ko sabasao baD,o pva-t łijasao Aba maa]nT Aaoilampsa ko naama sao jaanaa jaata hO´ kI tulanaa maoM baaOnaa lagata hO. lagaBaga 500 ik  ,maI  , ko AaQaar tqaa 24 ik  ,maI  ,kI baulaMd }Đcaa[- kao CUnao vaalao [sa pva-t kI hvaa[- WIp samaUh ko sabasao baD,o pva-t łijasaka AaQaar 120 ik  ,maI  , tqaa }Đcaa[- maa~ 9 ik ,maI , hO´ sao @yaa tulanaa hOĆ [na caar baD,o pva-taoM ko Alaavaa pRqvaI pr pae jaanao vaalao jvaalaamauKIya pva-taoM ko samaana bahutoro pva-t maMgala ga`h pr ibaKro pD,o hOM. 

jahaĐ pr yao caar ivaSaalakaya pva-t isqat hOM ]saI ko Aasa–pasa lagaBaga 5000 ik  ,maI , kI laMbaa[- maoM fOlaI ek Ait ivaSaala drar–$pI GaaTI BaI idKa[- pD,tI hO. [sa drar ka inamaa-Na kma sao kma 100 ik ,maI , caaOD,I tqaa saOkD,aoM ik ,maI , kI laMbaa[- vaalaI k[- GaaiTyaaoM kao imalaa kr huAa hO. pRqvaI ko samaana [na BaaOgaaoilak laxaNaaoM sao yau> haonao ko baavaja,Ud BaI maMgala ga`h ka AiQakaMSa Baaga caMd`maa sao jyaada imalata–jaulata hO.

saUKI hu[- naidyaaoM ko samaana laaKaoM –kraoD,aoM vaYa- puranao saOkD,aoM laMbao–laMbao caOnaola [sa baat ko Vaotk hOM ik kBaI [sakI QartI pr BaI panaI qaa. yao caOnaola saMBavatÁ [sa baat kI trf BaI [Saara krto hOM ik yahaĐ ek kala eosaa AvaSya qaa jaba yahaĐ ka vaayaumaMDla kafI Ganaa¸ pyaa-Pt gama- tqaa saMBavatÁ namaI–yau> qaa. Aba yah saara panaI Qa`uvaaoM pr AacCaidt ka^ba-na–Da[-–Aa^@saa[D ko tuYaar kI dao thaoM ko AMdr baf- ko $p maoM baMd hao gayaa hO. [sa $p maoM fĐsao panaI tqaa maMgala kI imaT\TI maoM kOd baf- kao yaid ipGalaayaa jaae tao saMBavatÁ [sa ga`h ko inacalaI sath vaalao ]<arI gaaolaaQa- maoM k[- iklaao maITr gahra[- vaalao ivaSaala samaud` ka inamaa-Na ikyaa jaa sakta hO. iflahala d`va ko $p maoM panaI kI ek baUĐd BaI yahaĐ nahI hO. Qa`uvaIya p`doSa ka AQyayana yahaĐ ko vaatavarNa maoM haonao vaalao Aavat-naIya pirvat-naaoM kao BaI dSaa-ta hO.

20 jaulaa[- 1976 kao vaa[ikMga 1 laOMDr yaana kao [sa ga`h ko ek pqarIlao roigastana ‘k`a[sa PlaOinaiSayaa’ maoM ]tra gayaa. [saI vaYa- isatMbar maah maoM ek AaOr yaana¸ vaa[ikMga 2 laODr kao vaa[ikMga 1 sao lagaBaga 7500 ik ,maI ,dUr ‘yaUTaoipyaa’ naamak sqaana pr ]tara gayaa. daonaaoM hI jagahaoM kI jamaIna laailamaa yau> QaUla sao pTI evaM samatla qaI. vahaĐ caaraoM Aaor laailamaa yau> p%qaraoM ko TukD,o bahutayat maoM ibaKro pDo, qao. rsaayainak evaM jaOivak p`yaaogaaoM Wara [sa sqaana kI imaT\TI ko ivaSlaoYaNa pta calaa ik [samaoM Aa^yarna ko Aa^@saa[D\sa kI maa~a bahutayat maoM hO AaOr Alyauimainayama  kafI kma maa~a maoM hO. Aa^yarna Aa^@saa[D\sa kI p`caur maa~a hI saMBavatÁ laailamaa ka karNa hO. eosao Aa^@saa[D\sa ko inamaa-Na maoM saMBavatÁM qaaoD,o bahut panaI ko vaaYp tqaa AlT/avaayalaoT ikrNaaoM ka haqa rha haogaa.

vaa[ikMga 2 tao 2 Ap`Ola 1980 tk hI kaya- kr payaa prMtu vaa[ikMga–1 Apnaa kaya- 13 navaMbar 1983 tk krta rha. [nako Wara Baojao gae ica~ evaM AaMkDo  [sa ga`h kao AaOr zIk sao samaJanao maoM kafI sahayak isaw hue hOM. vaa[ikMga yaanaaoM kao Baojanao ko mau#ya ]_oSyaaoM maoMo maMgala ga`h pr jaIvana ko laxaNaaooM kI tlaaSa krnaa BaI qaa. haĐlaaik vahaĐ kI imaT\TI maoM rsaayaainak p`itik`yaaeĐ pa[- ga[-M ifr BaI jaIvana saMMbaMQaI iksaI BaI jaOva–rsaayainak p`itik`yaa evaM jaIvana ka kao[- BaI p`maaNa nahIM imalaa. [na sabako baavaja,Ud vaO&ainakaoM ka maananaa hO ik Apnao saaOr maMDla maoM pRqvaI ko Aitir> jaIvana kI saMBaavanaa sabasao AiQak [saI ga`h pr hO.

[sa saMdBa- maoM lagaatar p`yaasa haoto hI rho hOM. Aa^ribaTsa-¸ savao-yasa-¸ laOMDsa- tqaa raovasa- ek ko baad yahaĐ phuĐcato hI rho hMO. [namaoM sao k[- Apnao ]_oSya maoM safla hue tao k[- Asafla BaI. [nako Wara Baojao gae ica~ tqaa AaMkD,o hmaarI jaanakarI lagaatar baZ,ato rho  hOM. ifr BaI [sa ga`h ko baaro maoM hmaarI jaanakarI ABaI BaI na ko barabar hO .

‘ispirT’ tqaa ‘Apa^rcauinaTI’ jaOsao Gauma@kD, yaanaaoM ka [sa vaYa- ko janavarI maah maoM maMgala ga`h pr ]tara jaanaa [saI mah<vaakaMxaI  mahaAiBayaana kI AgalaI kD,I hO. ipClao AiBayaanaaoM ko AnauBava ko AaQaar pr [sa baar kafI ]nnat tknaa^laa^jaI evaM baohtr ]pkrNaaoM sao yau> yaanaaoM kao vahaĐ ]tara gayaa hO. [nako Wara Baojao gae AaMkD,o evaM ica~ tao Aaja–kla samaacaar p~aoM tqaa vaoba–saa[T\sa kI dOinak sauiK-yaaMo  ka ihssaa hOM. [nako baaro maoM hma ifr kBaI cacaa- kroMgao. Aa[e¸ iflahala hma yahaĐ [nasao kuC hT kr baat kroM.

vaastva maoM [na Gauma@kD, yaanaaoM kao maMgala ga`h pr Baojanao kI yaaojanaa vaYaao-MM phlao hI tOyaar kI ga[- qaI. [sa piryaaojanaa pr naasaa tqaa Anya sahyaaogaI saMsqaanaaoM ko saOkD,aoM vaO&ainak lagaatar kaya- krto rho¸ tba khIM jaa kr 10 jaUna 2003 kao ispirT tqaa 8 jaulaa[- 2003 kao Apa^^rcauinaTI kao pRqvaI sao p`xaoipt ikyaa jaa saka. lagaBaga 4910 laaK ik ,maI , vaalaI saat mahInao kI laMbaI yaa~a ko baad ispirT pRqvaI sao lagaBaga 1060 laaK ik  , maI , dUr maMgala ga`h ko dixaNaI Baaga maoM BaUmaQya roKa pr isqat ‘gausaova koTr’ ko koMd` ko pasa 4 janavarI 2004 ko idna ]trnao maoM safla huAa. saMBavatÁ yah ko`Tr kBaI ek baD,I JaIla rha haogaa. lagaBaga [tnaI hI dUrI tya kr Apa^rcauinaTI BaI BaUmaQya roKa pr hI ispirT sao lagaBaga 6000 maIla dUr ga`h ko ivaprIt Baaga maoM ‘maoiriDyaanaI Plaonama’ naamak xao~ maoM 25 janavarI 2004 ko idna ]trnao maoM safla huAa. [sa xao~ maoM AnaavaR<a  ‘hImaoTa[T’ Kinaja ka kafI jamaava hO¸ ijasaka inamaa-Na saamanyatÁ jalaIya vaatavarNa maoM hI saMBava hO. 

gaaolf ko maOdana maoM Kola ka saamaana Zaonao vaalaI CaoTI saI gaaD,I ko Aakar ko yao daonaaoM jauD,vaaĐ Gauma@kD, ra^baa^T yaana dxa BaUvaO&ainak hOM. [nako inamaa-Na¸ rK–rKava tqaa naanaa p`kar ko prIxaNaaoM maoM jaoT p`paolsana laObaaoroTrI¸ kOilafaoina-yaa [MsTIT\yaUT Aa^f To@naa^laa^jaI  ko vaO&ainakaoM tqaa [MjaIinayaraoM nao vaYaao-M pirEama ikyaa hO AaOr [sa piryaaojanaa pr lagaBaga 800 kraoD, Da^lar Kca- ike gae hOM. jara [nakI ivaSaoYataAaoM pr tao gaaOr kroM.

  • saaOr }jaa- sao saMcaailat haonao vaalaI [sa bagGaI kao naanaa p`kar ko ]cca dxata evaM saUxmata vaalao ]pkrNaaoM sao laOsa ikyaa gayaa hO. Qaatu sao banao pihyaaoM pr calanao vaalaI [sa baggaI maoM saUya- kI }jaa- kao ga`hNa krnao ilae DOnao jaOsaI saMrcanaa ko }pr pMi>baw $p sao saaolar saolsa lagaae gae hOM. saaqa maoM dao ircaajao-ibala baOTiryaaĐ BaI lagaa[- ga[- hO. yao baOTiryaaĐ saUya- ka pUra p`kaSa imalanao pr 140 vaaT ivaVut ]%pnna kr saktI hO jaao [sa baggaI kao lagaBaga caar GaMTo th lagaatar saik`ya rKnao maoM saxama hOM. 

  • [sa bagGaI ko DoZ, maITr }Đcao  stMBa ko iSaKr kao ek Ait ]cca ivaSlaoYak xamatayau>¸ hqaolaI maMo samaa jaanao vaalao CaoTo sao pOnaaora^imak kOmaro sao sausaijjat ikyaa gayaa hO. yah kOmara na kovala 360 iDga`I tk GaUma sakta hO bailk 180 iDga`I tk }pr yaa naIcao Jauk BaI sakta hO. [sako Wara yah yaana manauYya kI trh doK sakta hO evaM rMgaIna ica~ BaI p`oiYat kr sakta hO.

  • tIna p`kar ko spo@T/aomaITsa- BaI [sakI ivaSaoYataeĐ hOM.’imanaI qama-la eimaSana spo@T/aomaITr’  ko Wara imaT\TI evaM caT\TanaaoM maoM pae jaanao vaalao KinajaaoM  sao inaklanao vaalaI [Mf`aroD ivaikrNa ka dUr sao hI pta lagayaa jaa sakta hO¸ ijasasao hmaoM Kinaja–ivaSaoYa kI jaanakarI imala saktI hO.’Alfa paiT-iklsa e@sa–ro spo@T/aomaaITr’ caT\TanaaoM evaM imaT\TI sao inaklanao vaalaI Alfa tqaa e@sa–ro jaOsao ivaikrNa ka pta lagaa kr ]nako rsaayainak saMrcanaa ka &ana kranao maoM sahayak hao sakto hOM. [sako Aitir> ‘maa^saba^yar spo@T/aomaITr’ kI madd sao vahaĐ ]pisqat ivaiBanna pdaqaao-M mao laaoho kI maa~a ka ibalkula saTIk evaM saIQaa AaMklana ikyaa jaa sakta hO. basa [sako ‘saoMsar hoD’ kao caT\Tana yaa imaT\TI ko }pr rKnaa haogaa. 12 GaMTo ko AMdr hI pirNaama imala jaaeĐgao.

  • ra^k eba`oSana TUla (RAT) BaI [sako saaqa saMlagna ek Sai>SaalaI ga`a[MDr hO jaao kzaor jvaalaamauKIya caT\TanaaoM maoM BaIo 2 [Mca ko vyaasa tqaa 0.2 [Mca kI gahra[- vaalaa gaD\Za dao GaMTo ko AMdr banaa sakta hO. caT\TanaaoM kI na[- sath ko AnaavaRt haoto hI ‘maa[k`aoskaoipk [maojar’ kI sahayata sao [naka inarIxaNa ikyaa jaa sakta hO. yah [maojar AaMiSak $p sao maa[k`aoskaop hO¸ tao AaMiSak $p sao [lao@T/a^inak kOmara BaI. yah ]pkrNa caT\TanaaoM evaM imaT\TI ko baahrI sath ko ica~ ]nakI p`akRitk Avasqaa maoM lao sakta hO.

  • pRqvaI evaM Aa^ribaTr sao saMpk- banaae rKnao tqaa ica~ AaOr saUcanaa saMp`oYaNa ko ilae [sao dao p`kar ko GaUmanao vaalao eMiTnaa sao sausaijjat ikyaa gayaa hO. ’laao gaona eMiTnaa’ QaImaI gait sao saBaI idSaaAaoM maoM saMkot saMp`oiYat krta hO¸ ijasao pRqvaI pr Avaisqat ‘DIp sposa eMiTnaa’ ga`hNa kr sakta hO. ’ha[- gaona eMiTnaa’ pRqvaI pr Avaisqat iksaI BaI eMiTnaa tk saIQao saMp`oYaNa kr sakta hO. yao raovar baigGayaaĐ AaMkD,aoM kao Aa^ribaTr tk BaI saMp`oiYat kr saktI hMO.

[tnaI sauivaQaaAaoM sao sausaijjat yao raovar baiggayaaĐ ek idna maoM kma sao kma 40 maITr tk cala saknao ko ile banaa[- ga[- hOM. [sa p`kar kma sao kma tIna mahInao ko kaya-kala maoM kula imalaa kr lagaBaga ek ik ,maI , kI dUrI tya kroMgaI.

[na raovar baiggayaaoM kao maMgala kI QartI pr saurixat ]tarnaa kao[- kma jaiTla evaM jaaoiKma Bara kaya- nahIM qaa. pRqvaI sao p`xaopNa ko samaya [nhoM maaoD, kr laOMDr ko AMdr rKa gayaa . [sa laOMDr kao caaraoM Aaor sao ipcako hue gaubbaaro jaOsao hvaa[- baOgsa sao Zknao ko baad  ek Anya hvaa[- kvaca maoM baMd kr idyaa gayaa. ifr [sao  ‘@`yaUja sToja’ sao jaaoD, kr Agalao saat maah ko maMgala ga`h tk phuĐcanao kI AMtirxa yaa~a pr rvaanaa kr idyaa gayaa. yah ‘@`yaUja sToja’ saolar pOnala¸ eMiTnaa evaM maMgala ga`h tk kI yaa~a–saMcaalana–xamata sao yau> qaa. maMgala ga`h ko baahrI vaayaumaMDla ko saMpk- maoM Aanao ko 15 imanaT phlao hI Apnao @`yaUja–sToja sao Alaga hao gayaa tqaa maMgala kI QartI kI trf 12000 maIla p`it GaMTo kI rFtar sao ]trnao lagaa. vaayaumaMDlaIya GaYa-Na ko karNa Agalao caar imanaT ko Andr [sako  baahrI hvaa[- kvaca ka kuC ihssaa 1400 iDga`I saoMTIga`D tk gama- hao gayaa tqaa [sako naIcao ]trnao kI rFtar QaImaI hao kr maa~ 990 maIla p`it GaMTa rh ga[-.

QartI pr ]trnao ko mauiSkla sao dao imanaT pUva- [sako pOraSaUT Kula gae AaOr maa~ 20 saokoMD baad hI [sanao hvaa[- kvaca ko inacalao ihssao sao svayaM kao Alaga kr ilayaa¸ ijasasao laOMDr ka AaQaa Baaga idKnao lagaa. pOraSaUT sao ABaI BaI jauD,o hue hvaa[- kvaca ko }prI AaQao ihssao Wara laODr kao ek rssaI ko saharo naIcao laayaa gayaa. AMitma 6 saokoMD maoM laODr ko caaraoM trf baMQao hvaa[- qaOlaao maoM hvaa Bar ga[-. }prI AaQao hvaa[- kvaca sao jauD,o irT/ao –ra^koT saik`ya hao gae tqaa QartI sao 15 maITr }pr hI rssaI kT ga[- ijasako karNa PaOraSaUT tqaa hvaa[- kvaca ka }prI Baaga BaI laODr sao Alaga hao gayaa.

gad\do $pI hvaa Baro qaOlaaoM sao ilapTa laODr ek fuTbaa^la kI trh QartI sao baar–baar ]Clanao lagaa. yahI isqait sabasao Ktrnaak qaI. QartI sao Tkranao ko p`arMiBak daOr maoM yaid [na hvaa Baro qaOlaaoM ka saMpk- iksaI naukIlaI caT\Tana sao hao jaata tao saaro ike–krae pr panaI ifr jaata. saMyaaoga sao eosaa nahIM huAa AaOr k[- ]CalaaoM baad laOMDr isqar hao gayaa. saavaQaanaIvaSa laODr ko AMdr iCpo yao yaana turMt baahr nahIM inaklao. svayaM kao saIQaa krnao¸ pUNa- ik`yaaSaIla isqait maoM laanao tqaa Aasa–pasa kI jagah ka pUNa- inarIxaNa maoM lagaBaga ek saPtah ka samaya lagaanao ko baad hI yao baahr Aae.

maMgala ga`h kI Kaoja–yaa~a [nhIM raovar yaanaaoM ko saaqa samaaPt nahIM hao jaaegaI. yah tao Anavart Kaoja ka ek pDa,va maa~ hO. naasaa nao tao Agalao dao dSakaoM ko kaya-k`ma tya kr Dalao hOM. 2005 maoM AaribaTr’maasa- irk^inasaoMMsa’ kao Baojanao kI yaaojanaa hO. 2008 tk hvaa mao ]D,nao vaalao vaahna yaa gaubbaaro Aqavaa CaoTo laOMDsa- ko saaqa ‘ifina@sa’ kao Baojanao ka [rada hO¸ tao 2009 tk ivastRt kaya-xao~ tqaa laMbao samaya tk saik`ya rh saknao vaalao Gauma@kD, ‘maasa- saa[Msa laOba’ kao. [sako Wara vahaĐ kI sath ka ivastRt AQyayana kr¸ BaivaYya mao caT\TanaaoM evaM imaT\TI ko namaUnao laanao ka rasta saaf krnao kI yaaojanaa hO. Agalao dSak maoM AaOr BaI bahutoro AaribaTr¸ laOMDr tqaa raovar Baojao jaaeĐgao. 2014 tk saMBavatÁ hmaaro yaana vahaĐ sao imaT\TI tqaa caT\TanaaoM ko namaUnao laanao maoM safla hao sakto hOM.

[na saarI yaaojanaaAaoM tqaa AMtirxa saMbaMQaI Anya yaaojanaaAaoM ko ik`yaanvana hotu kizna pirEama¸ QaOya-¸ dRZ,inaScaya¸ yaaojanaabaw AnausaMQaana tqaa ]%saah ko saaqa Aaiqa-k saMsaaQanaaoM kI BaI ]tnaI hI AavaSyata hO. AmaoirkI raYT/pit bauSa Wara naasaa maoM 15 janavarI 2004 ko idna ko saMBaaYaNa maoM 2008 tk maanavariht yaana pr Baojanao kI [cCa tqaa 2020 tk punaÁ manauYyaaoM kao caaĐd pr Baojanao kI [cCa ko saaqa [sa idSaa maoM ek Arba Da^lar ko Aitir> Anaudana ko poSakSa kI GaaoYaNaa inaScaya hI kafI ]%saahvaQa-k hO. AaSaa hO BaivaYya maoM [sako AcCo hI pirNaama saamanao AaeĐgao.

24 frvarI 2004