iva&ana vaata-

baD-–FlaU : @yaa vaak[- K,tra hOÆ
Da , gauÉdyaala p`dIp

@yaa TIvaI caOnaolsa¸ @yaa samaacaar p~¸ ijaQar naja,r daOD,a[e¸ AaOr kao[- K,bar imalao yaa na imalao¸ baD-–FlaU kI K,bar tao imala hI jaaegaI. Aajakla laaoga AatMkvaaidyaaoM sao j,yaada [sa baImaarI sao AatMikt hOM. 

Akolao frvarI 2006 ko samaacaar p~aoM kao doKoM tao Baart saiht duinayaa ko tmaama doSaaoM maoM [sa baImaarI sao ga`isat icaiD,yaaoM¸ ivaSaoYakr mauiga-yaaoM ko ikssao raoja, ko ihsaaba sao imalaoMgao. laaKaoM mauiga-yaaoM kao maar idyaa gayaa hO. Anya jaMtuAaoM tqaa manauYyaaoM mao yah baImaarI saIQao taOr pr tao nahIM fOla rhI hO¸ ifr BaI kuC kosa AvaSya imalao hOM. maaca- 2006 ko phlao saPtah tk pUrI duinayaa maoM kula 95 laaogaaoM kI maR%yau [sa baImaarI ko karNa hao caukI hO AaOr 84 nayao kosa saamanao Aae hOM.

kraoD,aoM kI janasaM#yaa vaalao maanava samaaja maoM yao AaMkD,o nagaNya hI hOM. iflahala¸ [sa baImaarI sao kovala ]nhIM laaogaaoM ko p`Baaivat haonao ka K,tra hO¸ jaao eosaI saMËimat icaiD,yaaoM ko saIQao saMpk- maoM hOM yaa ifr saMËimat icaiD,yaaoM kao jaanao–Anajaanao AQapka Ka rho hOM. ifr BaI¸ maIiDyaa Wara [sasao jauD,I CaoTI–CaoTI K,baraoM kao AavaSyakta sao AiQak mah%va donao ko karNa laaKaoM–kraoD,aoM mauiga-yaaoM kao maar kr Ka jaanao vaalaa maanava samaaja Aaja [tnaa Dra huAa hO ik AiQakaMSa laagaaoM nao mauiga-yaaM Kanaa tao CaoiD,e¸ [nakI trÔ doKnao sao BaI taObaa kr laI hO. Aba¸ ivaSaoYa& samaJaato hOM¸ tao samaJaato rhoM ik AcCI trh pka kr Kanao sao hmamaoM [sa baImaarI ka kao[- K,tra nahIM hO. Dr baD,I caIja, haotI hO janaaba¸ AaOr vah BaI tba jaba ApnaI jaana pr bana Aanao ka savaala hao tao khnaa hI @yaaÆ [sa Dr nao Aaja laaKaoM–kraoD,aoM ko vyaapar vaalao 'paolT/I' vyavasaaya ko Aist%va pr BaI p`Sna ica*na lagaa idyaa hO. hja,araoM laaogaaoM kI raoja,I–raoTI iCnanao ka K,tra tao hO hI¸ k[- doSaaoM kI Aqa-vyavasqaa kao BaI yah gaMBaIr $p sao p`Baaivat kr sakta hO.

savaala yah hO ik iksa p`kar [sa baImaarI kao fOlanao sao raoka jaae @yaaoMik [sa raoga sao ga`isat icaiD,yaaoM kao ek sqaana sao dUsaro sqaana tk jaanao sao tao raoka BaI nahIM jaa sakta hO naÆ

icaiD,yaaoM ko pMK pr savaar saarI duinayaa maoM Apnao PMaK fOlaatI tqaa hmaoM AatMikt krtI [sa baImaarI ko karNa evaM saMBaaivat inavaarNa pr cacaa- hI iva&anavaata- ko [sa AMk ka ]_oSya hO.

phlaI baat¸ [sa baImaarI ka AsalaI karNa mauiga-yaaM nahIM bailk H5N1 naamak vaa[rsa hO¸ jaao [nFlaueMja,a vaa[rsa kI ek iksma hO. yah vaa[rsa Sabd hI AatMk ko ilae pyaa-Pt hO. sadI-–jaukama jaOsaI saaQaarNa baImaarI sao laokr pa^@sa¸ paoilayaao¸ eD\sa¸ kOMsar¸ hpI-ja, jaOOsaI duinayaa kI tmaama saaQya–AsaaQya evaM jaanalaovaa baImaairyaaoM ko pICo vaa[rsa ka hI haqa haota hO. sajaIva AaOOr inajaI-va ko baIca kI kD,I¸ yao vaa[rsa Aakar maoM sabasao CaoTo jaIvaQaarI hOM. [tnao CaoTo ik kovala AaMKaoM sao kaOna kho¸ saaQaarNa maa[Ëaoskaop sao BaI [nhoM nahIM doKa jaa sakta hO. maa~ 30 naOnaaomaITr sao 300 naOnaaomaITr ko Ait saUxma Aakar vaalao vaa[rsaoja, kao doKnao ko ilae elao@T/a^na maa[Ëaoskaop kI AavaSyakta pD,tI hO. [nakI saUxmata ka AMdaja,a [sa baat sao lagaayaa jaa sakta hO ik maa~ AaMKaoM sao na idKa[- pD,nao vaalao baO@TIiryaa sao BaI yao lagaBaga pcaasa gaunaa CaoTo haoto hOM.

p`kRit nao [nhoM kovala saUxma Aakar hI nahIM idyaa hO¸ bailk [nakI saMrcanaa kI khanaI BaI ibaharI ko daohaoM kI trh maa~ nyaui@lak eisaD\sa¸ fa^sfaoilaipD\sa kI duhrI th evaM kuC p`aoTInsa kao imalaa kr dao pMi>yaaoM maoM ilaK dI hO. [nakI saMrcanaa ko koMd` maoM 'ra[baaoja, Aqavaa DIAa@saIra[baaoja, nyaui@lak eisaD' ka 'nyaui@lak kaor' haota hO tqaa [sa 'kaor' ko caaraoM Aaor kovala ilapao–p`aoTInsa sao banaa 'AavarNa' haota hO. laoikna ibaharI ko daohaoM kI tja,- pr hI yao 'doKna maoM CaoTna lagaOM¸ Gaava krOM gaMBaIr' kao cairtaqa- krto hOM. [nako Wara jainat tmaama baImaairyaaoM pr Aaja hmanao vaO@saIna ka ivakasa kr¸ ivajaya pa laI hO yaa ifr eosao bahutoro vaa[rsaaoM sao inapTnao ko ilae hmaaro pasa p`akRitk p`itraoQa xamata BaI haotI hO. laoikna [namaoM sao k[- eosao hOM¸ ijanako ivaÉw ivakisat vaOi@sana kuC samaya baad Ap`BaavaI hao jaato hOM. karNa¸ ]nakI saMrcanaa maoM samaya–samaya pr haonao vaalaa pirvat-na. [sa p`kar ]%pairvait-t ³mutated´haonao vaalao vaa[rsaaoM ko ilae hr samaya nae vaO@saIna ko ivakasa kI AavaSyakta rhtI hO. [nFlaueMja,a vaa[rsa [saI p`kar ka ek vaa[rsa hO. [na jaOsao vaa[rsaaoM ko Aitir> eD\sa tqaa kOMsar jaOsao raoga ]%pnna krnao vaalao vaa[rsa eosao BaI hMO¸ jaao ABaI BaI hmaaro saamanao caunaaOtI bana kr KD,o hOM. [naka sahI inavaarNa Aaja BaI ek baD,a p`Sna–ica*na hO.

caMUik 'H5N1 vaa[rsa' [nFlaueMja,a vaa[rsa kI hI ek iksma hO¸ At: Aa[e phlao hma [nFlaueMja,a vaa[rsa ko baaro maoM jaana laoM. ifr 'baD- FlaU' kao samaJanaa Aasaana hao jaaegaa. gaaolaakar yaa ifr kBaI–kBaI laMbao tMtu–$p mao pae jaanao vaalao [sa vaa[rsa ka 'nyaui@lak kaor'¸ ra[baaoja, nyaui@lak eisaD ko ekhro Qaagao tqaa kuMDlaIkar 'nyai@lak p`aoTInsa' ko GainaYT yaaoga sao banata hO. yah kaor [nFlaueMja,a vaa[rsa maoM 'ra[baaonyaui@layar p`aoTIna' $pI Aaz KMDaoM mao baMTa haota hO. yao AazaoM KMD [sa vaa[rsa ko safla p`janana tqaa AgalaI pIZ,I ko vaa[rsaoja, kI ]%pi<a ko ilae A%yaavaSyak hOM. [sa 'kaor' ko caaraoM Aaor laIpao–p`aoTInsa sao inaima-t 'AavarNa' haota hO ijasakI BaItrI sath pr ivaSaoYa p`kar ko p`it–jana ³antigen´ 'maOiT/@sa p`aoTIna' kI ek th haotI hO. 'maOiT/@sa p`aoTIna' ko yao ANau kaor maoM Avaisqat ra[baaonyaui@lak p`aoTInsa sao BaI rsaayainak $p sao jauD,o haoto hOM.

'AavarNa' kI baahrI sath pr KMUTI jaOsao ]Baar ko $p maoM dao p`kar ko p`it–jana p`aoTInsa ko ANau doKo jaa sakto hOM. ek haota hO¸ baa^@sanaumaa 'nyauraimanaIDoja,,' naamak p`aoTIna¸ jaao enja,a[msa ka kaya- krta hO. [sa p`aoTIna kI naaO iksmaoM haotI hOM. dUsara haota hO¸ i~flaIya Aakar vaalao 'hImaegglauiTinana'. [nakI BaI 13 iksmaoM haotI hOM. 'hImaegglauiTinana' ko yao ANau saMËmaNa ko samaya laala r> kiNakaAaoM saiht hmaaro SarIr kI yaa ifr iksaI Anya jaIva kI tmaama p`kar kI kaoiSakaAaoM ko baahrI sath pr ]pisqat ivaSaoYa p`kar ko 'irsaoPTr' p`aoTInsa ko saaqa jauD,nao maoM sahayak haoto hOM. ek baar [na irsaoPTsa- sao jauD,nao ko baad 'eMDaosaa[Taoisasa' kI p`iËyaa Wara vaa[rsa kao saMËimat kaoiSaka ko AMdr lao ilayaa jaata hO. ifr k[- jaiTla p`iËyaaAaoM ko pirNaama sva$p vaa[rsa ka ra[baaonyaui@lak p`aoTIna saMËimat kaoiSaka kI saMpUNa- p`NaalaI ka ]pyaaoga kr nayao vaa[rsa ko ]%padna maoM saMlaMgna hao jaata hO. nava ]%paidt vaa[rsa kI yah pIZ,I saMËimat kaoiSaka sao inakla kr nayaI kaoiSakaAaoM kao saMËimat krtI hO.

AiQakaMSa vaa[rsaoja, prpaoYaI–ivaiSaYT ³host specific´ haoto hOM Aqaa-t ek p`kar ko jaIva kao saMËimat krnao vaalaa vaa[rsa saamaanyatyaa dUsaro jaIva koa saMËimat nahIM krta hO. karNa¸ hr jaIva kI kaoiSaka kI baahrI sath pr pae jaanao vaalao 'irsaoPTr–p`aoTInsa' Alaga–Alaga p`kar ko haoto hMO. [na irsaoPTsa- sao iksa p`kar ka vaa[rsa jauD, paegaa¸ yah [sa baat pr inaBa-r krta hO ik [sako AavarNa kI sath pr pae jaanao vaalao p`it–jana p`aoTInsa kI saMrcanaa @yaa hO tqaa yao iksa p`kar ko hOMÆ

[nFlaueMja,a vaa[rsa kI mau#ya $p sao tIna iksmaoM haotI hOM — e¸ baI tqaa saI. yah vagaI-krNa [namaoM pae jaanao vaalao p`it–jana p`aoTInsa ko mau#ya p`kar tqaa ]nakI ]%pirvat-naSaIlata ko AaQaar pr ikyaa gayaa hO. [namaoM sao 'saI' iksma saaQaarNatyaa nahIM imalatI AaOr imalatI BaI hO tao kovala manauYyaaoM kao hI saMËimat krtI hO. 'baI' iksma BaI kovala manauYyaaoM maoM hI saMËmaNa fOlaatI hO. [sakI sath pr pae jaanao vaalao hImaegglauiTinana maoM samaya ko saaqa saamaanyat: maamaulaI pirvat-na hI haoto hOM. 'e' iksma mau#ya $p sao icaiD,yaaoM kao saMËimat krnao vaalaa vaa[rsa hO. [sako hImaegglauiTinansa maoM samaya ko saaqa–saaqa maamaUlaI pirvat-na tao hr samaya haoto rhto hOM¸ yada–kda baD,o pirvat-na BaI haoto hOM. [nako nyauraimaDja, BaI kuC saImaa tk pirvat-naSaIla haoto hOM. [na pirvat-naaoM ko karNa samaya–samaya pr [nakI ]piksmaoM ]%pnna haotI rhtI hOM¸ jaao Anya jantuAaoM tqaa manauYya kao BaI saMËimat kr saktI hOM.[na ]piksmaaoM ka naamakrNa [namaoM mau#ya $p sao pae jaanao vaalao hImaegglauiTinana tqaa nyauraimaDoja, ko AaQaar pr ikyaa jaata hO. Aajakla baD- FlaU fOlaanao vaalao vaa[rsa H5N1 ka naama BaI [saI AaQaar pr rKa gayaa hO. H5¸ [namaoM mau#ya$p sao pae jaanao vaalao hImaegglauiTinana ko p`kar ka Vaotk hO tao¸ N1¸ nyauraimaD ko p`kar ka.

caUMik vaa[rsa kI yah iksma yada–kda hI sahI¸ icaiD,yaaoM ko Aitir> manauYyaaoM tqaa Anya jaMtuAaoM kao BaI saMËimat kr do rhI hO¸ At: vaO&ainakaoM kao AMMdoSaa hO ik khIM manauYya kao mau#ya $p sao saMËimat krnao vaalaI 'baI' yaa 'saI' iksma sao imalakr Acaanak yah iksaI eosaI iksma maoM na ]%pirvait-t hao jaae jaao saIQao taOr pr manauYyaaoM kao saMËimat krnao lagao. yaid yah nayaI iksma hmaarI p`akRitk p`itraoQa xamata kao Claavaa donao vaalaI hu[- AaOr saaqa hI yaid samaya rhto hma [sako ivaÉw kargar vaO@saIna BaI na ivakisat kr pae¸ tao yah mahamaarI ka $p lao saktI hO.

KOr¸ yah tao BaivaYya kI baat hO. Aa[e¸ phlao yah tao doKoMo ik [sa baImaarI ka BaUt AaOr vat-maana kOsaa hO. valD- holqa Aa^gao-naa[ja,oSana ko Anausaar [sa baImaarI kI phcaana Aaja sao 100 vaYa- pUva- hI [TlaI maoM kr laI ga[- qaI. lagaBaga saBaI p`kar ko pxaI baD-–FlaU ko p`it saMMvaodnaSaIla haoto hOM. Aba tk [sa vaa[rsa kI 15 ]piksmaaoM kI phcaana kI jaa caukI hO¸ jaao pixayaaoM maoM FlaU ko saMËmaNa ka karNa hOM. jalaIya pxaI¸ ivaSaoYakr batKoM tao eosao vaa[rsaaoM kI BaMDar haotI hOM¸ prMtu [namaoM [sa baImaarI ko ivaÉw p`itraoQa xamata BaI sabasao AiQak haotI hO. yah baImaarI saMBavat: mauiga-yaaoM tqaa TkI- jaOsao pixayaaoM maoM [na batKaoM ko saIQao yaa praoxa saMpk- maoM Aanao sao fOlatI hO AaOr yao pxaI [sako vaa[rsa ko p`it savaa-iQak saMvaodnaSaIla haoto hOM. p`arMBa maoM [sako laxaNa kaÔI maMd haoto hOM AaOr [sasao [nakI jaana kao K,tra BaI nahIM ko barabar haota hO. [sa $p maoM baImaarI ko laxaNa maa~ pMKaoM kI Ast–vyastta ko $p maoM idKa[- pD,to hOM tqaa AMDao ko ]%padna maoM kmaI hao jaatI hO. yao vaa[rsa kuC kala tk [na pixayaaoM maoM [saI p`kar ko laxaNa ]%pnna krto rhto hOM. baad maoM yao ]%pirvait-t hao kr Ait]ga` laxaNaaoM vaalao FlaU ka saMËmaNa krnao lagato hOM. yao laxaNa hOM— naak¸ kana tqaa AaMKaoM sao gaaZ,o Eaava ka ]%saja-na¸ klagaI tqaa sar maoM saUjana¸ hro rMga ka dst¸ [nako JauMD maoM Saaor–gaula kI kmaI¸ Aaid. [sa $p maoM yah FlaU bahut toja,I sao fOlata hO tqaa mahamaarI ka $p lao sakta hO. maR%yau–dr BaI lagaBaga Sat–p`itSat tk phMuca jaatI hO.

Aaja tk saMsaar maoM ijatnaI BaI baD-–FlaU kI mahamaairyaaM fOlaI hMO¸ ]nako maUla maoM vaa[rsa H5 yaa H7 ]piksmaaoM ka hI haqa rha hO. 1983–1884 ko daOrana Amaoirka maoM H5N2 jainat mahamarI hao yaa ifr [TlaI maoM 1999—2001 ko daOrana H7N1 jainat mahamarI hao¸ p`arMBa maoM [nakI tIva`ta kma qaI¸ laoikna C: mahInao ko AMdr [na vaa[rsaaoM ko ]%pirvat-na ka pirNaama 90 p`itSat maR%yau–dr ko $p maoM saamanao Aayaa. [sao inayaMi~t krnao ko ilae Amaoirka evaM [TlaI maoM laaKaoM–kraoD,aoM mauiga-yaaoM kao maarnaa pD,a. [sasao hu[- kraoD,aoM Da^lar kI Aaiqa-k xait ka Anaumaana tao lagaayaa hI jaa sakta hO.

mauiga-yaaoM maoM fOlanao vaalaI [sa p`kar kI mahamaarI ko inayaM~Na ka Aba tk ka sabasao kargar trIka [sa baImaarI sao ga`isat saBaI mauiga-yaaoM ko saaqa–saaqa ]sa paolT/I fama- kI Anya svasqa dIKnao vaalaI mauiga-yaaoM kao BaI turMt maar donao tqaa ]sa paolT/I fama- kao pUNa- $poNa saMgaraoiQat ³quarantine´ kr donaa hI hO. eosao paolT/I fama- pr svaCta ko ]cca maap dMD Apnaa kr na kovala [sa vyavasaaya sao jauD,o laaogaaoM tk [sa vaa[rsaoja, ko saMËmaNa kao raoka jaa sakta hO Aiptu Anya paolT/I famsa- maoM BaI [sako saMËmaNa kao kma ikyaa jaa sakta hO.

jaOsaa ik phlao BaI batayaa jaa cauka hO¸ mauiga-yaaoM tqaa Anya pixayaaoM sao manauYyaaoM tqaa Anya jaMtuAaoM maoM [sako saMËmaNa kI saMBaavanaa kma hI rhtI hO¸ ifr BaI [nako saIQao saMpk- maoM Aanao vaalao laaogaaoM tqaa Anya jaMtuAaoM¸ ivaSaoYakr sauAraoM maoM [saka saMËmaNa yada–kda hao sakta hO. manauYyaaoM maoM H5N1 vaa[rsa kI sabasao phlaI jaanaI–maanaI GaTnaa 1997 ko daOrana haMgakaMga maoM saamanao Aa[- qaI. 18 laaoga [sa vaa[rsa sao ga`isat pae gae¸ ijanamaoM sao 6 kI maR%yau hao ga[-. [na saba maoM laxaNa tao saamanya FlaU ko hI qao¸ jaOsao galao mao KraSa¸ sar dd-¸ badna dd-¸ bauKar Aaid¸ laoikna baad maoM [namaoM saaMsa saMbaMQaI gaMBaIr samasyaa doKI ga[-. ]saI samaya yahaM mauiga-yaaoM maoM BaI [sa vaa[rsa ka saMËmaNa doKnao maoM Aayaa. tIna idna ko BaItr lagaBaga pMd`h laaK mauiga-yaaoM kao maar kr saMBavat: haMgakaMga kI sarkar nao [sako Wara manauYyaaoM maoM mahamaarI fOlanao ko K,tro kao raok idyaa. [sako baad 2003 maoM haMgakaMga maoM hI [saI vaa[rsa ko saMËmaNa kI ek–dao GaTnaaeM puna: saamanao Aa[-M. [sako Aitir> Anya eiSayaa[- doSaaoM — kaMbaaoiDyaa¸ qaa[-laOD¸ caIna¸ [MdaonaoiSayaa¸ TkI-¸ [rak tqaa ivayaotnaama maoM yada–kda kuC AaOr raogaI BaI saamanao Aae hOM.

ivaSva svaasqya saMgazna kI taja,a rpT ko Anausaar 2003 sao lao kr Aba tk manauYyaaoM maoM [sa vaa[rsa ko saMËmaNa kI kula 175 GaTnaaeM saamanao Aa[- hOM¸ ijanamaoM 95 laaogaaoM kI maR%yau hao caukI hO. yaaina¸ maR%yau dr 50 p`itSat ko }prÑ AaOr yahI icaMta ka karNa hO. p`itvaYa- eosaI GaTnaaAaoM kI saM#yaa maoM vaRiw hI hao rhI hO. 2004 maoM kula 46 GaTnaaeM saamanao Aa[-M ijanamaoM 32 laaogaaoM kI maR%yau hu[-¸ 2005 maoM 95 saMËimat laaogaaoM maoM sao 41 kI maR%yau hu[- AaOr 2006 ko maa~ dao–tIna maah maoM hI 31 baImaaraoM maoM sao 19 kI maR%yau hao caukI hO.

savaala yah hO ik hma manauYyaaoM maoM [sako saMËmaNa kao kOsao raok sakto hOM yaa ifr kOsao kuC kma kr sakto hOMÆ [sasao BaI baD,a savaala yah hO ik manauYyaaoM kao saamaanya $p sao saMËimat krnao vaalao 'ba' iksma ko vaa[rsa sao imala kr nayao p`kar ko ]%pirvait-t vaa[rsa ³jaao saIQao taOr pr ek manauYya sao dUsaro tk saMËimat hao sakta hO´ ko ivakasa kI saMBaavanaa kao kOsao kma ikyaa jaaeÆ @yaaoMik yaid hma eosaa nahIM kr pae tao yah nayaI ]piksma manauYyaaoM maoM mahamaarI ka $p lao saktI hO AaOr ifr yah laaKaoM–kraoD,aoM kI jaana ka ga`ahk bana saktI hO.

caUMik manauYyaaoM maoM [sa vaa[rsa ko saMËmaNa ka AMdoSaa mau#ya $p sao saMËimat mauiga-yaaoM tqaa Anya 'paolT/I–baD-\sa' Wara hI saMBava hO¸ tao sabasao baD,I AavaSyakta [sako saMk`maNa kao eosaI icaiD,yaaoM mao raoknao ko ]paya ZUMZnao kI hO. iflahala¸ 'na rho baaMsa¸na bajao baaMsaurI ko' tja- pr [saka saIQaa ]paya eosaI saarI saMdohaspd icaiD,yaaoM kao maar donaa hO. na eosaI saMËimat icaiD,yaaM rhoMgaI¸ na manauYya maoM [sa vaa[rsa ka saMËmaNa haogaa. dUsara ]paya¸ paolT/I fa^ma- tqaa [sako vyavasaaya sao jauD,o laaogaaoM kao Aitir> saaÔ–saÔa[- ko vaatavarNa maoM kaya- krnao ko ilae sauivaQaaeM p`dana krnaa hO. samaya–samaya pr [nhoM vaa[rla p`itraoQak dvaaeM BaI mauhOyyaa kranaI caihe. saaqa hI [na laaogaaoM kao 'baI tqaa saI' p`kar ko vaa[rsa ko ivaÉw TIka lagaanaa caaihe¸ ijasasao ]nhoM manauYyaaoM maoM saamaanya $p sao haonao vaalao FlaU sao bacaayaa jaa sako. [saka laaBa yah haogaa ik [nakao yaid 'e' iksma ko vaa[rsa nao saMËimat kr hI idyaa hO¸ tao [sa vaa[rsa kao 'baI yaa saI' iksmaaoM ko saaqa imala kr nayao ]%pirvait-t iksma ³jaao saIQao $p sao ek manauYya sao dUsaro tk saMËimat hao sako´ kI vaa[rsa ko ivakasa ka Avasar nahIM imala sakogaa. [sako Aitir>¸ [nakI badlatI iksmaaoM ko Anau$p nayao–nayao TIkaoM ka ivakasa ka p`yaasa hmaoM sadOva krto rhnaa caaihe. [na vaa[rsaaoM ko ivaÉw ijatnaI saavaQaainayaMa saMBava haoM¸ hmaoM AvaSya bartnaI caaihe.

calato–calato yah BaI samaJa laoM ik maugaI- Kanaa hI CaoD, donaa samasyaa ka hla nahIM hOM. maugaI- AvaSya KaeM¸ laoikna AcCI trh pka kr. karNa¸ ]cca tap pr yao vaa[rsa naYT hao jaato hOM @yaaoMik [naka AavarNa f^asfao–ilaipD kI duhrI th ka banaa haota hO¸ jaao ]cca tap ko p`it saMvaodnaSaIla hO.

16 maaca- 2006