iva&ana vaata-

2004 kI p`mauK vaO&ainak ]plaibQayaaM Baaga – 2
Da , gauÉdyaala p`dIp

[na saba maanyataAaoM kao Jauzlaato hue evaM ivaraoQaaoM kao dr iknaar krto hue vaU sauk vaaMga ko naotR%va maoM kaoiryaa[- AnausaMQaanakta-AaoM kI ek TIma nao A@TUbar 2004 maoM sap`maaNa yah davaa ikyaa ik ]nhoM maanava iDMba maoM koMd`k sqaanaaMtrNa kI ivaQaa Wara maanava–Ba`UNa ko ivakasa maoM saflata imalaI hO. halaaMik ]naka ]_oSya maanava @laaoinaMga ka nahIM qaa.

vao tao [sa ivaQaa Wara maa~ sToma saolsa sao jauD,o AQyayanaaoM ko ilae maanavaIya Ba`UNa kI kaoiSakaAaoM kao ]%pnna krnao ka p`yaasa kr rho qao. laoikna [nako [sa p`yaasa nao maanava @laaoinaMga ka rasta BaI Kaola idyaa hO. [nako [sa p`aojao@T maoM 16 yauvaa maihlaaAaoM nao 242 iDMba p`dana ike qao evaM [na laaogaaoM nao [namaoM koMd`k sqaanaaMtrNa ko pUva- baD,o hI kaomala trIko sao saavaQaanaIpUva-k [namao ]pisqat koMd`kaoM tqaa Anya bahutoro kccao pdaqaao-M ³jaao koMd`k sqaanaaMtrNa ko pScaat [nako Ba`UNaIya ivakasa mao baaQak haoto´ kao hTanao ka kaya- ikyaa AaOr yahI [nakI saflata ka mau#ya karNa banaa.

jala maoM jaIvana hO¸ jaIvana maoM jala hO yaa ifr jala hI jaIvana hO. ibanaa jala ko jaIvana kI klpnaa kI jaa saktI hO @yaaÆ maMgala pr BaI jala kI ]pisqait nao hI jaIvana kI Aasa jagaa[- hO. lagaBaga ek sadI ko AQyayana ko baad Aaja BaI hma jala ko saBaI gauNaaoM kao pUrI trh nahIM samaJa pae hOM. [sa jala kI trla Avasqaa ko gauNaaoM kao banaae rKnao maoM Aa^@saIjana tqaa ha[D/aojana ko prmaaNauAaoM ko AavaoSa maoM AMtr kao ija,mmaodar maanaa jaata rha hO. [sa AMtr ko karNa panaI ka p`%yaok ANau Apnao Aasa–pasa ko caar panaI ko ANauAaoM sao 'ToT/ahoD/la' $p maoM jauD, kr EaRMKlaabaw $p maoM ek ivastRt jaala ka inamaa-Na krto hOM. lagaBaga 100 saala sao calaI Aa rhI [sa maanyata kao Amaoirka¸ jama-naI¸ svaIDona tqaa naIdrlaOMD ko vaO&ainakaoM kI ek TIma nao isaMkaT/a^na e@sa ro kI madd sao ihlaanao kI kaoiSaSa kI hO. [nako Anausaar trla Avasqaa maoM panaI ka p`%yaok ANau kovala dao ANauAaoM sao hI jauD, sakta hO caar sao nahIM. laoikna kuC Anya e@sa ro AaMkD,o puranaI AvaQaarNaa kao hI samaqa-na do rho hOM. yah 2 yaa 4 kI bahsa pUro saala calato rhnao kI ]mmaId hO.

samaud` jaOsao baDo, jalaaSayaaoM maoM AiQakaMSa Aa^yansa khaM pae jaato hOMÆ sath pr yaa gahro panaI maoMÆ yaid yao sath pr pae jaato hOM tao @yaaoM AaOr yaid gahro panaI maoM pae jaato hOM tao @yaaoMÆ [na saaro '@yaaoM' ka Aba tk sqaaipt ]<ar yah qaa ik panaI kI sath pr payaa jaanao vaalaa '[lao@T/aosTOiTk faosa-' [na Aa^yansa kao ek dUsaro sao dUr Bagaata rhta hOM– flat: yao gahro panaI maoM jaanao ko ilae majabaUr rhto hOM. [sa AvaQaarNaa kao nakarto hue laa^sa eMjaoilasa kI hvaa maoM lavaNa ko kNaaoM kI Kaoja sao jauD,o AnausaMQaanakta-AaoM ka khnaa hO ik yao kNa FlaaorIna¸ @laaorIna Aaid hOlaa[D\sa sao [tnao saMpnna hOM ik eosaa tBaI saMBava hO jaba yao Aa^yansa samaud` kI sath pr hI ]pisqat haoM ipClao vaYa- ko 'kMPyaUTr saa[myaulaoSana' ko pirNaama BaI [saI AvaQaarNaa kI puiYT krto hOM. AnaMtaoga%vaa yaid yah saca saaibat hao gayaa tao rsaayana&aoM kao hvaa maoM ]pisqat eyaraosaa^lsa kI sath pr haonao vaalaI kuC nae p`kar kI rasaayainak p`itiËyaaAaoM ka AQyayana krnaa pD, sakta hO.

panaI sao jauD,o Anya rhsyaaoM sao pda- ]zanao maoM jauTo vaO&ainak p`yaaogaaoM kI AaQauinak tknaIikyaaoM ka ]pyaaoga kr na[-–na[- jaanakairyaaM do rho hOM. isailaka^na kI sath pr ]pisqat panaI pr elao@T/a^nsa kI baaOCar kr yah pta lagaayaa gayaa hO ik yahaM panaI kI saMrcanaa iËsTlaa[T baÔ- ko samaana haotI hO jaao [nhoM isailaka^na kI sath sao baMQao rhnao maoM sahayak hO. ek dUsara AnausaMQaana dla yah pta lagaanao maoM jauTa huAa hO ik panaI maMo elao@T/a^nsa AaOr p`aoTa^nsa iksa trh Gaulato hOM. vaah ro panaI tora rMga kOsaa AaOr ZMga kOsaaÆ

panaI kI baat kr rho hOM tao ek baat AaOr , , ,AaOr vah yah ik [sa Qara pr isqat p`%yaok baUMd maoM saMBavat: Aap kao DIenae ko ANau imala hI jaaeMgao caaho vah panaI Aapnao gahro samaud` sao ilayaa hao Aqavaa iksaI JaIla kI gahra[- sao. Aba Aap kao krnaa yah hO ik [na ANauAaoM kao sahI Ëma maoM jaaoD, kr jaInsa ka inamaa-Na kroM AaOr baad maoM ek jaIva ko pUro jaInaaoma ka. basa Aap kao pta laga jaaegaa ik [sa jala maoM iksa–iksa p`kar ko jaIva rhto hOM yaa rhto qao. pyaa-varNaivad tqaa jaOvaIya ivakasa ko AQyayana maoM jauTo vaO&ainak [sa AaiNvak tknaIk ka ]pyaaoga [na jaIvaaoM ko jaonaoiTk saMbaMQaaoM kao samaJanao ko ilae kr rho hOM ijanhoM p`yaaogaSaalaa maoM ivakisat nahIM ikyaa jaa sakta.

AaOr jaba baat DIenae tqaa jaInsa kI cala hI rhI hO tao lagao haqaaoM jaInaaoma–ivaSaoYakr maanava jaInaaoma ko baaro maoM cacaa- kr laonaa samasaamaaiyak hO. Aa[e doKoM¸ yahaM @yaa nayaa hao rha hO. manauYya ko SarIr kI p`%yaok kaoiSaka maoM maa~ 23 jaaoD,o Ëaomaaoja,aomsa pae jaato hOM AaOr [namaoM DIenae ko inamaa-Na maoM p`yau@t naa[T/aojana baosaoja, ko lagaBaga tIna Arba jaaoD,o Ëmabaw trIko sao samaaiht haoto hOM. [namaoM sao maa~ 10 p`itSat jaaoD,aoM ko Ëma hI saaqa-k jaInsa ka inamaa-Na krto hOM jaao maanava jaIvana sao saMbaMiQat saBaI p`kar ko rsaayanaaoM ko inamaa-Na maoM saxama hOM evaM [sa kaya- maoM saiËya BaUimaka inaBaato hOM. SaoYa jaaoD,aoM ko Ëma [na jaInsa ko baIca maoM [Qar–]Qar ibaKro haoto hOM. jaba maanava jaInaaoma piryaaojanaa sao jauD,o vaO&ainakaoM kao [saka &ana huAa tao [na laaogaaoM nao yah maana ilayaa ik eosao jaInsa ko baIca Avaisqat naa[T/aojana baosaoja, ko eosao Ëma ibalkula hI baokar haoto hOM AaOr ]nhaoMnao [nhoM 'jaMk' kI saM&a do dI.

laoikna hala ko AQyayanaaoM nao [nakI [sa AvaQaarNaa kao ga,lat saaibat kr idyaa hO. [na tqaakiqat 'jaMk jaInsa' maoM bahutoro baD,o kama ko saaibat hao rho hOM ijanakI tulanaa kcaro maoM iCpo hIro–javaahrataoM sao kI jaa saktI hO. [nako bahutoro CaoTo–CaoTo TukD,aoM maoM sao kuC inayaM~k DIenae kI BaUimaka inaBaato hOM tao kuC ek sqaana sao dUsaro sqaana pr ClaaMga lagaanao vaalao 'T/aMsapaoja,obala DIenae' ka. kuC TukD,o eosao BaI haoto hOM jaaoM kma naa[T/aojana baosa vaalao CaoTo–CaoTo Aarenae ko saMSlaoYaNa kI xamata rKto hOM. lagaBaga maa~ 500 baosa EaRMKlaaAaoM sao inaima-t DIenae inayaM~k ijanhoM 'eo@TIvaoTsa-' kI saM&a BaI dI ga[- hOM iksaI jaIna kI AiBavyai@t kao inayaMi~t krnao vaalao p`aoTIna ko ANauAaoM sao saMbaw hao kr ]sa jaIna ivaSaoYa ko iËyaa–klaapaoM kao p`Baaivat kr sakto hOM. [sa p`kar yao ]sa jaIna kao sahI samaya evaM sahI pirpoxa maoM saiËya Aqavaa inaiYËya kr sakto hOM. T/aMsapaoja,obala DIenae ClaaMga lagaa kr iksaI BaI jaIna ko baosa EaRMKlaa ko baIca maoM Gausa sakto hOM AaOr [sa p`kar ]nakI p`akRitk AiBavyai@t mao baaQak banato hOM yaa ifr ]nakI AiBavyai@t kI idSaa hI badla doto hOM. vao TukD,o ijanasao CaoTo–CaoTo Aarenae ka inamaa-Na ikyaa jaa sakta hO iksaI sao kma nahIM hOM. [nako Wara saMSlaoiYat Aarenae jaIna AiBavyai@t maoM baaQak bana sakto hOM. ABaI tao SauÉAat hO Aagao–Aagao doiKe¸ jaldI hI pta laga jaaegaa ik [na tqaakiqat jaMk jaInsa maoM kOsao–kOsao hIro–javaahrat iCpo hue hOM jaao na kovala CaoTo–maaoTo inayaM~k yaa baaQaa ]%pnna krnaovaalao kark ka kaya- krto hO bailk kaoiSaka kI saMpUNa- AiBavyai@t kao ibalkula na[- idSaa donao kI xamata rKto hMO.

jaIvana sao pro [sa saMsaar maoM bahut saI eosaI vastueM hOM ijanasao hmaara p`%yaxa–Ap`%yaxa saraokar hO AaOr ijanako baaro maoM jaananaa &anaippasaa kI SaaMit ko saaqa–saaqa ]pyaaogaI BaI haota hO. eosT/aoifjaIisasT\sa nao Aa^sT/oilayaa ko 64 maI ,laMbao pa@sa- roiDyaao Toilaskaop kI sahayata sao ipClao saala eosao dao p^lsar sTasa- ka pta lagaayaa hO jaao baD,I toja, gait sao GaUma rho hOM AaOr eosaa Anaumaana hO ik yao daonaaoM lagaBaga 85 kraoD, saala ko baad ek dUsaro maoM samaa jaaeMgao. [naka ivastRt AQyayana Aa[MsTIna kI 'irlaoiTivaTI iqayarI' ko kzaor prIxaNa maoM sahayak isaw haogaa.

dao AaQaarBaUt prmaaNauAaoM kao iksa p`kar zMDa kr [sa p`kar jamaayaa jaae ik daonaaMo ek dUsaro maoM imala jaaeM AaOr ekla @vaaMtma isqait yaaina 'kMDonsaoT' kI Avasqaa maoM badla jaaeM– eosaI tknaIik ko &ana sao laOsa haonao ko baad vaO&ainakaoM nao ipClao vaYa- zaosa Avasqaa vaalao 'kMDonsaoT' ko inamaa-Na maoM saflata pa[- hO. trla tqaa gaOsa AvasqaaAaoM vaalao kMDonsaoT ko inamaa-Na maoM tao phlao hI saflata imala caukI qaI. [sako Aitir@t AnausaMQaanakta- ipClao vaYa- [sa baat ko pta lagaanao maoM jauTo rho ik jaba [na kMDonsaoT ko prmaaNau ek dUsaro sao dUr hTto hOM tao [na kMDonsaoT ka vyavahar iksa p`kar pirvait-t haota hO. yah &ana Aagao vaO&ainakaoM kao yah samaJanao maoM sahayak haogaa ik jaiTla pdaqaao-M maoM [lao@T/a^nsa kOsaa vyavahar krto hOM.

baatoM tao AaOr BaI hOM prMtu sqaanaaBaava [sa AalaoK kao yahIM samaaPt krnao ka saMkot do rha hO. [sa iTPpNaI ko saaqa ik [sa vaYa- BaI vaO&ainak AnausaMQaana ko xao~ maoM saflata ko nae JaMDo gaaD,oMgao. saaqa hI ipClao vaYa- ko AMtkala maoM GaiTt 'saunaamaI' jaOsao p`akRitk hadsao hmaoM yah yaad idlaato rhto hOM ik hma p`kRit ko Aagao [tnaI vaO&ainak p`gait ko baad BaI iktnao baaOnao AaOr majabaUr hOM. eosao hadsaaoM kI pUva-saUcanaa donao vaalao saTIk tM~ ka ivakasa BaI hma Aaja tk nahIM kr pae hOM. AaSaa hO [sa vaYa- eosao iksaI hadsao sao hma nahIM gauja,roMgao AaOr saMBavat: [nakI pUva- saUcanaa donao vaalao tM~ ko ivakasa maoM safla hao paeMgao. navavaYa- maMgalamaya hao. [it.

24 frvarI 2005 pRYz : 1 . 2