मुखपृष्ठ

पुरालेख-तिथि-अनुसार -पुरालेख-विषयानुसार -हिंदी-लिंक -हमारे-लेखक -लेखकों से


yaU ko maoM ihndI³2´

ivakasa maoM lagaI saMsqaaeM

—]Yaa rajao sa@saonaa


 zIk ]saI baIca jaba laaoga Aapsa maoM jauD,nao kao Aatur hao rho qao¸ 1990 maoM BaartIya rajadUt Da• laxmaImalla isaMGavaI AaOr kmalaa isaMGavaI ko Aagamana evaM saMrxaNa sao iba`Tona ko ihndI saMsaar maoM ek Ad\Baut svaiNa-ma yauga ka AarMBa huAa. mahamaihma isaMGavaI jaI ko Gar pr gaaoiYzyaaM Aaid haonao lagaIM ijasamaoM maa~ Baart ko hI nahIM¸ iba`Tona ko ivaiBanna SahraoM ko ]Barto hue kiva¸ laoKk¸ saaih%yakar Aaid BaI Baaga laonao sao p`kaSa maoM Aanao lagao. [sa dSak maoM bata-inayaaM maoM rhnao vaalao BaartvaMiSayaaoM ko )dya maoM ihndI ko p`it jaao Pyaar jaagaa vah p`vaasaI ihndI saaih%ya ko [ithasa maoM sada AivasmaNaIya rhogaa. Da•isaMGavaI nao naoh$ kond` kao gaitSaIla ikyaa¸ Sao@spIyar kI janma sqalaI pr pr gau$dova rivand` naaqa TOgaaor kI maUit- kI sqaapnaa kI¸ maOnacaosTr maoM Da• hirvaMSaraya baccana ko naama sao ihndI ko caoyar kI sqaapnaa kI. ]nhaoMnao hr saBaa AaOr hr ]%sava maoM ihndI BaaYaa AaOr saMsÌit pr saargaiBa-t BaaYaNa dokr janata kao p`orNaa p`dana kI.

Da•laxmaImalla isaMGavaI evaM kmalaa isaMGavaI ko p`ao%saahna sao hI 'yaU•ko• ihndI saimait' ek bahumauKI AaOr gaitSaIla saMsqaa ko $p maoM ivakisat hu[-. Aaja yaU•ko• ihndI–saimait iba`Tona kI ek baRht evaM mah%vapUNa- saMsqaa hO ijasakI sqaapnaa 1990 maoM [-sT laMdna maoM EaI p`omacaMd saUd AaOr ]nako saaiqayaaoM Wara kI ga[- qaI. pd\maoSa gauPt nao ]sa samaya p`omacaMd saUd ko saMrxaNa maoM 'ihndI' naama sao kmPyaUTr sao ek CaoTI saI ihndI kI maaisak pi~ka p`kaiSat kI jaao AlpAayau rhI.

]saI samaya 'laMdna baarao maT-na' ko mau#ya Qaara ko skUlaaoM maoM 'baayailaMgaueilaj,ama' pr kama krto hue maOMnao BaI svatM~$p sao saaPtahaMt pr ihndI kI saaihi%yak AaOr iSaxaNa saMsqaaAaoM ko saaqa kaya- krnaa AarmBa ikyaa. [sa samaya ihndI saimait¸ Baart sao Aae saaih%yakaraoM ko vyaa#yaana AaOr sqaanaIya gaaoiYzyaaM Aaid krto hue ihndI p`oimayaaoM kao Aapsa maoM jaaoD,nao ka kaya- AarmBa kr caukI qaI. At: ihndI ko kaya-ËmaaoM maoM laaogaaoM kI ]pisqait baZ,nao lagaI qaI.

1993 maoM ihndI BaaYaa–saaih%ya AaOr saMsÌit ko ]nnayana ko ilae BaartIya ]ccaayaaoga ko sahyaaoga sao 'AihMsama BaartIya–maOMnacaosTr' saMsqaa maOnacaosTr maoM sqaaipt hu[-. ]saI vaYa- [MiDyana esaaoisaeSana maOnacaosTr ko kaya-kta- Da• lata pazk¸ rama paNDo AaOr Da• rMjaIt saumara nao 25–26 isatMbar kao dao idvasaIya Bavya AMtrraYT/Iya ihndI saaih%ya sammaolana Aayaaoijat ikyaa. 'AihMsama BaartIya–maOnacaosTr' ko [sa kaya-Ëma maoM Da•laxmaImalla isaMGavaI ³t%kalaIna ]ccaayau@t´, EaImatI kmalaa isaMGavaI¸ ihndI AiQakarI Da• saurond` AraoD,a¸ maOnacaosTr ko mahapaOr¸ laMdna ivaSvaivaValaya ko ihndI ko p`aQyaapk Da^• $pT- snaola¸ Baart sao Aae kiva idnakr¸ hsart jayapurI¸ maja$h saultanapurI¸ pd\maa sacadova¸ jama-naI sao Aa[- maaga`oT gaa%j,alaaÔ, hMgarI kI maairyaa naojyao%SaI¸ naavao- ko sauroSacaMd` Sau@la Aaid nao Baaga ilayaa. 1993 ko [sa sammaolana ko Aayaaojana maoM 'yaU•ko• ihndI saimait' ko hma saBaI sadsyaaoM nao Apnaa pUra sahyaaoga idyaa. [sa dao–idvasaIya ihndI ko kaya-Ëma maoM ivaraT kiva sammaolana¸ BaaYaa sammaolana AaOr saaMsÌitk kaya-Ëma Aaid hue. [saI sammaolana maoM maOMcaosTr ivaSvaivaValaya maoM Da• hirvaMSaraya baccana ko naama sao 'caoyar' kI sqaapnaa hu[-. AihMsama BaartI nao 'yaaoraop maoM p`qama AMtra-YT/Iya ihndI sammaolana– 25–26 isatMbar 1993– maOnacaosTr¸ [MglaOND'` naamak smaairka p`kaiSat kI¸ ijasamaoM Da• laxmaImalla isaMGavaI jaI kI ilaKa 'ihndI hma saba kI pirBaaYaa' naamak baaoQa–gaIt [MglaOND maoM phlaI baar yaU•ko• maoM p`kaiSat huAa.

[sa trh ko ivaraT kiva–sammaolanaaoM AaOr BaaYaa–sammaolanaaoM jaOsao saaihi%yak kaya-Ëmaao sao yaU•ko• vaasaI ]%fula hao ]zo. yah ]nako ilae yah nayaa AnauBava qaa pUrI trh jaD,aoM kI Aaor laaOTnao ko ilae. QaIro–QaIro BaUlao–ibasaro ihndI p`omaI¸ ihndI AaOr ihndI saaih%ya sao [sa trh jauD,nao lagao jaOsao ik ]nakI kao[- Avacaotna mana kI maurad pUrI hao ga[- hao. [sa trh 1993 ko AMtra-YT/Iya kiva sammaolana kI saflata kao doKto hue yaU•ko• ihndI saimait ko AQyaxa Da• pd\maoSa gauPt¸ ]paQyaxa ]Yaa rajao¸ ko•baI•ela• sa@saonaa evaM iba`ja gaaoyala AaOr Anya ihndI p`oimayaaoM nao imala kr Da• laxmaImalla isaMGavaI ko saMrxaNa AaOr BaartIya dUtavaasa ko sahyaaoga sao p`itvaYa- ihndI–idvasa ko Avasar pr yaU•ko• ihndI saimait ko t%vaaQaana maoM AMtra-YT/Iya kiva sammaolana ko Aayaaojana ka isalaisalaa ek AaMdaolana kI trh ihndI BaaiYayaaoM kao Aapsa maoM jaaoD,nao ko ilae AarmBa ikyaa. 

1993 sao Baart ko labQap`itYz kivayaaoM saaih%yakaraoM ka hr vaYa-- laMdna AMtrraYT/Iya kiva sammaolana ko ilae Aanaa p`armBa hao gayaa AaOr raYT/Iya tqaa AMtra-YT/Iya kivayaaoM AaOr saaih%yakaraoM kao iba`Tona maoM ek saaqa maMca imalanao lagaa. ihndI BaaYaI ]sa doSa maoM Kula kr Aapsa maoM ihndI baaolanao lagao jahaM vah ipClao tmaama vaYaao-M sao saMkuicat saI qaI. yah vah dSak qaa jaba baaj,aaraoM maoM BaartIya vas~¸ gahnao¸ imaza[yaaM¸ saibjayaaM¸ ivaiDyaao kOsaoT¸ pustko Aaid Kulakr sauprmaako-T jaOsao saava-jainak sqaanaaoM maoM ibaknao lagaIM. naaTkSaalaaAaoM maoM ihndI naaTk¸ naR%ya¸ isanaomaa GaraoM maoM ihndI iflmaoM¸ maMidraoM maoM Bajana kIt-na¸ saBaaAaoM maoM vyaa#yaana¸ gaaoiYzyaaM¸ kaya-SaalaaeM¸ pzna–pazna AaOr SaadI–byaah sabakuC Kula kr Bavya str pr haonao lagaa. yaanaI iba`iTSa BaartIya Apnaa pirvaoSa ApnaI $ica ko Anausaar iba`Tona maoM banaanao lagao. sqaanaIya AMga`oja jaait ko laaoga¸ eiSayana laaogaaoM ko saaqa imala kr svayaM BaartIya SaOlaI ko baaj,aar AaOr maolao jaOsao Aayaaojana Kulao maOdanaaoM AaOr pakao- maoM Aayaaoijat krnao lagao. ]nhIM idnaaoM k[- p`isaw BaartIya ivavaah AaOr saMskar Aaid BaI TI•vaI pr idKae gae.

ihndI BaaYaa AaOr pirvaoSa kI mah%ta kao batato hue kOimba`ja ivaSvaivaValaya ko p`va@ta Da• sa%yaond` EaIvaastva jaI nao ApnaI pustk 'Tomsa maoM gaMgaa kI Qaar' maoM ek jagah kha hO ik ihndI kI ApnaI kao[- maanak BaaOgaaOilak sa%ta nahIM hO vah ivaSva kI BaaYaa hO Aqaa-t ihndIBaaYaI laaoga iksaI xao~ ivaSaoYa maoM nahIM rhto jaOsao ik gaujaratI¸ pMjaabaI¸ baMgaalaI. ihndI iksaI jaait Aqavaa Qama- ivaSaoYa kI BaaYaa nahIM hO. yah Baart kI saava-BaaOimak BaaYaa hO¸ raja BaaYaa hO¸ pUro doSa kI BaaYaa hO. Baart kI sampk- BaaYaa hO. yah BaaYaa Baart kao AitËmaNa krtI eiSayaa sao haotI hu[- yaaoraop kao par krtI Amaoirka phuMcatI hu[- ivaSva kI BaaYaa bana jaatI hO. jahaM–jahaM BaartIya hO yah vahaM–vahaM kI BaaYaa hO.

vastut: vat-maana iba`Tona maoM ihndI ko ]nnayana AaOr p`caar–p`saar maoM Baart ko BaI k[- Eaaotao ka sahyaaoga rha hO. iba`Tona maoM ihndI ko kayaao-M ka samanvaya ivadoSa maM~alaya ko ihndI ivaBaaga Wara ikyaa jaata hO. ipClao torh–caaOdh vaYaao-M sao Baart ka ivadoSa maM~alaya¸ iba`Tona maoM haonao vaalao AMtra-YT/Iya kaya-ËmaaoM maoM EaoYz AaOr janaip`ya kivayaaoM va saaih%yakaraoM kao Baoja kr¸ iba`Tona kI saMsqaaAaoM ka manaaobala baZ,ato hue ]nhoM saflata kI Aaor Aga`sar krta rha hO.

]%trp`doSa ihndI saMsqaana¸ laKna}¸ ipClao saat–Aaz vaYaao-M sao iba`Tona maoM haonao vaalao p`%yaok AMtrraYT/Iya kiva sammaolana AaOr saaMsÌitk kaya-Ëma maoM laaokip`ya gaItkaraoM AaOr kivayaaoM kao iba`Tona Baoja kr¸ ihndI ko p`caar p`saar maoM hmaarI sahayata kr rha hO. [sa trh ko saaihi%yak kaya-ËmaaoM Wara saMsqaana ihndI p`omaI saamaanya janata ko saaqa iba`Tona kI AgalaI pIZ,I kao BaI saiËya krnao ka p`yaasa kr rha hOM.

yaU•ko• maoM ihndI ko ]nnayana ko ilae kaya- krtI bahut saI svaOicCk saMsqaae hO jaao pUro iba`Tona maoM fOlaI hu[- hO. [na saBaI saMsqaaAaoM ko kaya-xao~ evaM laxya iBanna hO. Aajakla lagaBaga [na saBaI saMsqaaAaoM maoM prspr gahna saMbaMQa evaM vaata-laap hO. [na saMsqaaAaoM ko saBaI kaya-kta- inasvaaqa- Baava sao kovala ihndI–p`oma sao p`oirt hao kr baD,I lagana AaOr yaaojanaabaw ZMga sao Apnao vyast jaIvana maoM sao samaya inakala kr ibanaa iksaI sarkarI Anaudana ko ihndI saovaa ka kaya- svaOicCk ZMga sao kr rho hO. 

Aaja kI tarIK, maoM inamnailaiKt saMsqaaeM ihndI BaaYaa AaOr saaih%ya ko ilae p`itbaw hOM AaOr ivaSva ko ihndI jagat maoM Apnao kaya- AaOr inaYza ko ilae jaanaI–phcaanao jaatI hOM.

1–BaartIya ]ccaayaaoga—
BaartIya ]ccaayaaoga AarmBa sao hI BaartIya saMsÌit AaOr ihndI ko p`caar–p`saar sao jauD,a rha hO. 70 vaoM dSak sao EaI Qamao-nd` gaaOtma jaI ko Wara BaartIya ]ccaayaaoga maoM ihndI ko pzna–pazna ko ilae kxaaeM Aayaaoijat kI jaatI rhI hOM. prMtu ihndI ko pzna–pazna ka yah kaya- 1984 sao, AaOr BaI AiQak gaitSaIla evaM sauinayaaoijat ZMga sao haonao lagaa¸ jaba Baart sao ihndI evaM saMsÌt AiQakairyaaoM ko Aanao ka isalaisalaa jauD,a. [na ihndI AiQakairyaaoM nao iba`Tona inavaasaI BaartIya janata AaOr ihndI ko ]nnayana maoM saMlagna saMsqaaAaoM sao saMbaMQa jaaoD, kr ]nhoM p`ao%saaiht ikyaa. Aaja ijasa str pr ihndI ka kaya- iba`Tona maoM hao rha hO ]samaMo na kovala ihndI AiQakairyaaoM ka sahyaaoga hO bailk BaartIya ]ccaayau@t sao laokr saMsÌit samanvaya AiQakairyaaoM tk ka yaaogadana BaI haota hO. ipClao dao–tIna vaYaao-M sao iba`Tona maoM ihndI–p`saar ko yaaojanaabaw ivakasa ka kaÔI kuC Eaoya vat-maana ihndI AiQakarI Ainala jaI ko idSaa inado-Sa AaOr sahyaaoga ka hO.

2–BaartIya ivaVaBavana¸ laMdna 1972—
BaartIya ivaVaBavana¸ BaartIya saMsÌit AaOr ihndI BaaYaa kao iba`Tona maoM AxauNa rKnaovaalaI sabasao puranaI AaOr p`#yaat saMsqaa hO. yah saMsqaa Baart sarkar sao saMbaMiQat haoto hue BaI Apnaa svatM~ vyai@t%va rKtI hO AaOr BaartIya ivaVaBavana ko BaUtpUva- inadoSak Da^• maaqaur¸ ÌYNaamaUit- AaOr vat-maana inadoSak Da^• nandkumaar ko inado-Sa maoM ipClao 33 vaYaao-M sao inarMtr BaartIya saMsÌit evaM BaaYaa ko ]nnayana ka kaya- kr rhI hO. BaartIya ivaVaBavana maoM Anya BaartIya BaaYaaAaoM ko saaqa ihndI kI kxaaeM lagatI hO. yah saMsqaa ihndI BaaYaa sammaolana¸ kiva gaaoYzI¸ kavya sammaolana¸ naaTk¸ @laaisakla naR%ya Aaid ka p`mauK $p sao maMcana krtI hO. [sa saMsqaa sao Baart ko mahana ivaWana jauD,o hue hOM. duinayaa ko hr kaonao maoM BaartIya ivaVaBavana kI SaaKaeM haonao ko saaqa iba`Tona ko Anya SahraoM maoM BaI [sakI SaaKaeM hOM. saMsqaa p`isaw ihndI kI saaihi%yak pi~ka 'navanaIt' ka p`kaSana inayaimat $p sao krtI hO.

3–naoh$ kond`¸ laMdna 1992—
naoh$ kond` BaartIya ]ccaayaaoga ka hI ek Baaga hO ijasamaoM BaartIya saMsÌit kI saBaI klaaAaoM kao p`Eaya idyaa jaata hO. yah kond` BaartIya evaM iba`iTSa saMsÌit ko baIca pula banaata hO. naoh$ kond` naaTk¸ naR%ya¸ saMgaIt¸ BaaYaa–saaih%ya sammaolana¸ klaa evaM pustk p`dSa-naI Aaid ka ]%ÌYT Aayaaojana krta hO. yah ek eosaa bahuBaaYaIya kond` hO ijasako pustkalaya maoM Aapkao saMsaar kI hr saMsÌit pr p`maaiNak pustkoM evaM p~–pi~kaeM imala jaaeMgaI.

4–yaU•ko• ihndI saimait¸, laMdna– 1992—
yaU• ko• ihndI saimait iba`Tona kI ek eosaI baRht svaOicCk saMsqaa hO jaao Apnao sadsyaaoM evaM saaiqayaaoM ko sahyaaoga sao ihndI ko p`caar p`saar ko ilae yaU•ko• maoM ek maa~ ihndI kI saaihi%yak pi~ka 'purvaa[-' ka p`kaSana krto hue ivaSva Bar ko saaih%yakaraoM laoKkaoM evaM kivayaaoM kao maMca dotI hO. yah saMsqaa vaYa- maoM ek baar ihndI idvasa ko ]plaxya maoM Aa[-•saI•saI•Aar• AaOr ihndI saMsqaana laKna} ko sahyaaoga sao AMtra-YT/Iya kiva sammaolana¸ BaaYaa sammaolana jaOsao Aayaaojana laMdna tqaa iba`Tona ko Anya SahraoM maoM Anya saMsqaaAaoM ko sahyaaoga sao Aayaaoijat krtI hO. 1999 maoM ihndI saimait nao iba`Tona kI Anya saMsqaaAaoM ko saaqa imala kr laMdna ivaSvaivaValaya ko p`aMgaNa maoM 14–18 isatMbar kao 'Cza ivaSva ihndI sammaolana' Aayaaoijat ikyaa ijasamaoM Baart evaM doSa–ivadoSa ko lagaBaga saaZo caar saaO ivaWanaaoM nao Baaga ilayaa qaa.

ihndI saimait ka ivaSaoYa laxya hO dUsarI AaOr tIsarI pIZ,I ko yauvaa AaOr baccaaoM ko AMdr ihndI ko p`it $ica jagaanaa. [sako ilae ihndI saimait nao ek mah%vakaMxaI yaaojanaa 'ihndI pramaSa- maMNDla' ko AMtga-t tOyaar kI. ihndI pramaSa- maMNDla nao [MglaOND,¸ ska^TlaOND,¸ vaolsa AaOr AayarlaOND ko tmaama CaoTo–baDo, ihndI iSaxaNa koMd`aoM kI naoTvaik-Mga kr ko iba`Tona maoM 'yaaoraoipyana ihndI iSaxak sammaolana' Aayaaoijat ikyaa. [sa trh ihndI saimait nao baccaaoM kao ihndI pzna–pazna kI Aaor po`irt krnao ko ilae ihndI iSaxaNa kond`aoM kao ek saU~ maoM ipraoyaa¸ ihndI iSaxaNa yaaojanaa kI zaosa naIMva DalaI saaqa hI raYT/Iya str pr 'ihndI &ana p`ityaaoigata' kI yaaojanaa BaI banaa[-. Aba tk iba`Tona maoM dao ihndI &ana p`ityaaoigataeM hao caukI hO. [na p`ityaaoigataAaoM maoM ipClao vaYa-¸ yaanaI 2002 maoM lagaBaga 500 baccaaoM nao Baaga ilayaa qaa ijasamaoM phlao naaO safla ivaVaiqa-yaaoM kao purskar sva$p ihndI &ana vaQa-na kao Qyaana maoM rKto hue Baart Ba`maNa tqaa Baart dSa-na ko ilae hvaa[- yaa~a ka iTkT idyaa gayaa qaa.

samaya–samaya pr Anya 'caOirTobaula' kaya- krto hue ihndI saimait iba`Tona ko laoKkaoM kao p`ao%saaiht krnao ko ilae yaU•ko• maoM ihndI saaihi%yak laoKna kI 'paMDuilaip–p`ityaaoigata' kr ]sako ivajaota kI pustk kao p`kaiSat kr ]saka laaokap-Na tqaa cacaa- iksaI ivaiSaYz saaih%yakar sao kratI hO. saimait Apnao 'ihndI pramaSa- maMDla' ³gazna–2001´ ko sahyaaoga sao ihndI ko ]nnayana ko ilae ]ccakaoiT ko saoimanaar Aaid saMyaaoijat krtI hO¸ Apnao vaaiYa-k ]%sava maoM Baart tqaa yaU•ko• ko saaihi%yak evaM saMasÌitk dUtaoM kao cayainat kr ]nakao sammaainat krtI hO tqaa iba`Tona kI Anya saBaI ihndI–saovaI saMsqaaAaoM kao ]nako kaya-xao~ maoM sahyaaoga dotI hO. [na sabako Aitir@t ihndI saimait ihndI ko p`caar–p`saar ko ilae naaTk p`d-Sana¸ kMPyaUTr kaya-Saalaa¸ pustk p`dSa-naI¸ paMDuilaip p`ityaaoigata¸ pustk p`kaSana Aaid ko xao~ maoM BaI kaya- krtI hO.

ihndI ko p`caar–p`saar kao Qyaana maoM rKto hue saMsqaa ko kaya-Ëmaao kao ina:Saulk rKa gayaa hO. ihndI saimait ko kma-z kaya-kta-Aao maoM EaI pd\maoSa gauPt¸ ]Yaa rajao¸ ko•baI•ela sa@saonaa¸ baRja gaaoyala AaOr idvyaa maaqaur ko naama p`mauK hOM.

5–gaItaMjaila bahuBaaYaIya samaudaya– barimaMGama 1995—
gaItaMjaila bahuBaaYaIya samaudaya ka xao~ ivastRt hO. yah saMsqaa p`itmaah ek kavyagaaoYzI krtI hO jaao bahuBaaYaIya haotI hO. [samaoM AiQakaMSa bahuBaaYaIya rcanaaeM ihndI Anauvaad ko saaqa pZ,I jaatI hOM. ivaSaoYa baat yah hO ik kiva gaaoYzI maoM sqaanaIya na[- pIZ,I yaanaI baccao BaI maatRBaaYaa maoM kavya–paz ko ilae Aato hO. [sa saMsqaa nao Apnao samaudaya ko sadsyaaoM kI rcanaaAaoM kao CaoTI–CaoTI pustkaoM maoM saMkilat ikyaa hO. saMsqaa yaU•ko• ihndI saimait ko saaqa vaaiYa-k AMtra-YT/Iya kiva sammaolana ka Aayaaojana krtI hO¸ raYT/Iya bahuBaaYaIya kiva sammaolana BaI krtI hO¸ saaqa hI samaya–samaya pr BaaYaa sammaolana AaOr vak-Saap Aaid BaI kratI hO. [sa saMsqaa ko saMcaalakaoM maoM Da• ÌYNa kumaar¸ ica~a Ìmaar AaOr p`fulla pTola Aaid p`mauK hOM.

6–klaa–jyaaoit¸ naa^qa-–laMdna– 1995 
klaajyaaoit BaartIya saMsÌit evaM ihndI BaaYaa kao kiva sammaolanaaoM AaOr saaMsÌitk kaya-ËmaaoM Wara janasaaQaarNa tk phuMcaanao AaOr ]nhoM ihndI–BaaYaa ko maMca sao jaaoD,nao ko ilae ihndI naaTk¸ kivata–paz¸ AMtaxarI¸ naR%ya–saMgaIt tqaa %yaaoharaoM ko Bavya ]%sava Aaid saaaMsÌitk Aayaaojana krtI hO. [sa saMsqaa kI kaya-kta- hOM EaImatI puYpa Baaga-va¸ Aihlyaa tqaa maMjaU sa@saonaa Aaid.

7–ka^vaonT/I laa[ba`orI– 1995—
ka^vaonT/I maoM maoh$ iÍTr jaI p`it maah inayaimat $p sao lagaatar ipClao Aaz vaYaao-M ek bahuBaaYaIya gaaoYzI ka^vaonT/I ko pustkalaya maoM krtI Aa rhI hO ijasamaoM kiva AaOr Saayar ko Aitir@t kao[- BaI kavya p`omaI ihndI yaa iksaI Anya BaaYaa maoM kavya paz kr sakta hO.

8–BaartIya BaaYaa saMgama¸ yaa^k-–1999—
yah saMsqaa yaU•ko• ihndI saimait ko saaqa vaaiYa-k AMtra-YT/Iya kiva saMmmaolana ka Aayaaojana krto hue samaya–samaya pr raYT/Iya evaM sqaanaIya kiva sammaolana evaM saoimanaar Aaid ka Aayaaojana krtI hO. 'BaartIya BaaYaa saMgama' ek ]BartI hu[- gaitSaIla saMsqaa hO jaaoo Aasa–pasa AiQak ihndI BaaYaI samaaja na haonao ko baavajaUd ihndI ko kaya-ËmaaoM kao baD,I hI saflata ko saaqa AMga`oja AaOr ivadoSaI ihndI p`oimayaaoM ko saaqa Aagao baZ,a rhI hO. BaartIya BaaYaa saMgama ko kaya-kta- hOM mahond` vamaa- AaOr ]Yaa vamaa- Aaid.

9–ihndI BaaYaa saimait¸ maOnacaosTr– 2000—
ihndI BaaYaa saimait p`itvaYa- yaU• ko• ihndI saimait ko saaqa AMtra-YT/Iya kiva sammaolana ka Aayaaojana maOnacaosTr maoM krtI hO. yah saMsqaa samaya–samaya pr kiva gaaoYzI evaM raYT/Iya kiva sammaolana tqaa saaMsÌitk kaya-ËmaaMoo ka Aayaaojana krto hue ihndI BaaiYayaaoM kao ek JaMDo tlao eki~t krnao ka duSkr kaya- BaI krtI hO. ihndI BaaYaa saimait ko kaya-kta- hOM Da•AMjaina kumaar AaOr Syaamaa kumaar Aaid.

10–kqaa yaU•ko• laMdna– 2000
kqaa yaU•ko iba`Tona ko khanaIkaraoM kao Aapsa maoM jaaoD,tI hI nahIM hO varna ]nhoM ivaSva ko ihndI jagat maoM p`itiYzt evaM sammaainat BaI krtI hO. yah p`it vaYa- Baart evaM iba`Tona kI ek ]%ÌYT saaihi%yak pustk ka cayana kr¸ jaUna Aqavaa jaulaa[- ko maQya ]sako laoKk kao yaU•ko maoM sammaainat krtI hO. kqaa­yaU•ko• Baart ko cayainat pustk ko laoKk kao eyar [MiDyaa ko saaOjanya sao hvaa[- yaa~a ka vyaya evaM ek saPtah ka laMdna–Aaitqya dotI hO saaqa hI ]nhoM naoh$–kond` maoM smaRiticanh¸ EaIfla AaOr Saala BaoMT kr sammaainat krtI hO. yah saMsqaa maaisak kqaa gaaoiYzyaaM krtI hO ijasamaoM maUla $p sao iba`Tona ko dao kqaakar svailaiKt rcanaaeM pZ,to hO. kqaa–vaacana ko baad EaaotaAaoM ko ivacaar AaOr mat AamaMi~t haoto hO. kqaa–vaacana kI p`itiËyaaeM [MTrnaoT pr p`kaiSat kI jaatI hO. saMsqaa kqaa–gaaoYzI pr AaQaairt ek smaairka BaI p`itvaYa- p`kaiSat krtI hO ijasamaoM kqaa–gaaoYzI maoM pZ,I ga[- khainayaaoM kao gaaoYzI maoM hu[- p`itiËyaaAaoM ko saaqa p`kaiSat ikyaa jaata hO. kqaa yaU•ko• iba`Tona maoM Aae ihndI ko saOlaanaI kqaakar AitiqayaaoM ka BaI svaagat samaaraoh Aaid krtI hO. kqaa yaU•ko• kI kqaa gaaoiYzyaaM yaU•ko• ko ivaiBanna SahraoM maoM BaI Aayaaoijat haotI rhtI hOM. kqaa yaU•ko kI yaaojanaaAaoM maoM khainayaaoM ka maMcana¸ khanaI kaya-Saalaa AaOr khanaI p`ityaaoigata Aaid BaI Saaimala hO ijasamaoM yauvaavaga- ka BaI p`itinaiQa%va haota hO. kqaa ko saaro kaya-Ëma ihndI ko p`caar–p`saar kao Qyaana maoM rKto hue ina:Saulk rKo jaato hO. kqaa yaU•ko• ko kaya-kta- hOM EaI tojaond` Samaa-¸ nayanaa Samaa- Aaid.

11–saa]qa laMDna igalD Aa^Ô ihndI ivamaona ra[Tsa-– 2002
'saa]qa laMDna igalD Aa^f ivamaona ra[Trsa' ek eosaI saMsqaa hO ijasaka ]d\doSya ]na ³sqaanaIya p`vaasaI BaartIya´ maihlaaAaoM kao maMca donaa hO ijanako pasa saMvaodnaSaIla )dya AaOr saMGaYaaoMo- sao yau@t AnauBavaaoM ka ivaSaala BaMDar hO. jaao Apnao AnauBava kao baaMTnao AaOr vaacak SaOlaI maoM AiBavya@t krnao ko ilayao baocaOna hOM ijanako )dya maoM mahakavya rca cauko hO prMtu ]nako pasa laoKnaI nahIM hO SabdaoM ko BaMDar nahIM hO. vao maa~ Bau@tBaaogaI vaacak hO. saMsqaa ko saRjanakmaI– ]nako AnauBavaaoM¸ saMGaYaao-M¸ yaatnaaAaoM kao kivata¸ khanaI¸ laoK¸ ]pnyaasa Aaid maoM Zalanao AaOr p`oirt krnao ko ilae p`itbaw hOM. eosaI maihlaaAaoM ka pircaya¸ saMsqaa ihndI ko saaqa Anya BaartIya BaaYaaAaoM AaOr AMga`ojaI jagat ko saRjakaoMo sao kiva gaaoYzI¸ khanaI gaaoYzI¸ p`kaSana¸ laaokap-Na¸ maana–sammaana¸ laoKna vak-Saap¸ pustk evaM klaa p`dSa-naI tqaa caOirTI–vak- sao kratI hO. saMsqaa kao laMdna baarao AaÔ maT-na ka p`Eaya hO. saBaI kaya-kta- svaOicCk hOM. ABaI tk saMsqaa nao iba`Tona ko tIna laoKkao AaOr kivayaaoM ko pustkaoM ka p`kaSana ikyaa hO. dao pustkoM p`kaSaaQaIna hOM. saMsqaa ko kaya-kta- hOM ]Yaa rajao sa@saonaa¸ p`itBaa Davar¸ kadMbarI maohra¸ snaoh lata TMDna Aaid.

12–Ìit yaU•ko• imaDlaOND– 2002—
Ìit yaU•ko• iba`Tona kI ek p`gaitSaIla saMsqaa hO. Ìit yaU•ko• ivaiBanna p`kar ko saaihi%yak¸ saaMsÌitk kaya-Ëma evaM ihndI &ana p`ityaaoigata¸ khanaI evaM kivata p`ityaaoigata¸ kiva gaaoYzI Aaid Aayaaoijat krtI hO. Ìit yaU•ko• ko AiQakaMSa kaya-kta- AihndI BaaYaI AaOr t$Na vaga- sao Aato hOM jaao Apnao Aap maoM ek EaoYz ]plaibQa hOM. Anya saaihi%yak saMsqaaAaoM kI BaaMit Ìit yaU•ko• BaI caOirTI vak-¸ saaih%ya sammaolana¸ BaaYaa sammaolana Aaid ka Aayaaojana kuSalata sao krtI hO. saMsqaa ko kaya-kta- hO ititxaa Saah¸ AnauraQaa Samaa-¸ SaOla Aga`vaala¸ Da• narond` Aga`vaala¸ ko• ko EaIvaastva Aaid.

13–vaatayana– 2003
'vaatayana'– ABaI hala hI maoM sqaaipt hu[- saMsqaa hO jaao laMdna ko foisTvala ha^la maoM kavya gaaoYzI¸ ekla paz Aaid p`itmaah Aayaaoijat krtI hO. saMsqaa gaitSaIla hO AaOr ihndI BaaYaa AaOr saaih%ya ko ]nnayana ko ilae p`itbaw hO. saMsqaa kI kaya-kta- hO EaImatI idvyaa maaqaur.

14–gaItaMjaila bahuBaaYaIya saaihi%yak samaudaya– T/oMT– 2004
gaItaMjaila bahuBaaYaIya saaihi%yak samaudaya–T/oMT maoM ABaI hala maoM hI sqaaipt hu[- hO.
saMsqaa ka ]d\doSya kiva gaaoYzIyaao va BaaYaa sammaolanaaoM Wara ihndI tqaa Anya BaartIya BaaYaaAaoM ko saaih%ya ka p`caar–p`saar AaOr ]nnayana krnaa hO. saMsqaa ko saBaI kaya-kta- svaOicCk hO. saMsqaa kI kaya-kta- hO jayaa vamaa-¸ jauganaa mahajana AaOr Da•riva mahajana Aaid.

pi~kaeM–
1–Amar dIp– 
23 maaca- 1971 maoM sardar Bagat isaMh ko janmaidna pr p`qama baar p`kaiSat haonao vaalaa 'AmardIp' samaacaar p~ ipClao caalaIsa vaYaao-M sao iba`Tona maoM inarMtr inaklana rha hO. ijasao iba`Tona ko hj,aarao ihndI BaaYaI pZ,to hOM. 'AmardIp' maoM samaacaar ko Aitir@t laGau kqaaeM' laoK¸ pak ivaiQa¸ cauTkulao AaOr kivatae Aaid BaI p`kaiSat haotI rhtI hOM. samaya–samaya pr [samaoM Qaaravaaihk ]pnyaasa BaI Cpo hO. yah pi~ka iba`Tona ko lagaBaga saBaI puskalayaaoM maoM pZ,nao kao imala jaatI hO. 'AmardIp' ko saMpadk hOM jagadISa ima~ kaOSala.

2–'purvaa[-' –
yaU•ko• sao p`kaiSat haonao vaalaI ekmaa~ ihndI kI ~Omaaisak saaihi%yak pi~ka 'purvaa[-' Apnao 7 vaYa- pUro kr caukI hO. purvaa[- ka p`kaSana p`vaasaI laoKna kao saMga`hIt krnao maoM maIla ka p%qar hO. [samaoM saMdoh nahIM ik ivaSva AaOr Baart ko baIca 'purvaa[-' ek saaqa-k saaihi%yak saotu bana kr ]BarI hO. purvaa[- ko laoKkIya saMsaar maoM jahaM Baart sao kmalaoSvar¸ [Mdu jaOna¸ ramadrsa imaEa¸ kmala kumaar¸ Da• iSavamaMgalaisaMh 'saumana'¸ gaaoivaMd pMt¸ kodar naaqa isaMh¸ kuMAr baocaOna¸ ivaËma isaMh¸ koSarInaaqa i~pazI¸ baokla ]%saahI¸ ASaaok caËQar¸ naroSa SaaMiDlya Aaid Saaimala hOM tao iba`Tona sao sa%yaond` EaIvaastva¸ ]Yaa rajao¸ pd\maoSa gauPt¸ p`aNa Samaa-¸ naroSa BaartI¸ idvyaa maaqaur¸ saaohna rahI¸ gaaOtma sacadova¸ SaOla Aga`vaala¸ ititxaa Saah¸ idvaakr Sau@la¸ tojaond` Samaa-¸ taoYaI AmaRta Aaid Saaimala hOM. iba`Tona ko Aitir@t 'purvaa[-` maoM Amaoirka¸ jaapana¸ maa^irSasa¸ i~inadad¸ fIjaI¸ naavao-¸ raomaainayaa¸ hMgarI Aaid jaOsao doSaaoM ko saRjanakmaI- BaI rcanaa%mak yaaogadana do rho hOM. vastut: Aaja iba`Tona maoM ihndI ko k[- eosao rcanaakar hOM ijanakI rcanaaeM phlaI baar purvaa[- maoM p`kaiSat hu[- AaOr saaqa hI kuC eosao BaI laaoga hO ijanhaoMnao 'purvaa[-' ko ilae hI ilaKnaa AarmBa ikyaa AaOr Aaja doSa–ivadoSa ko p~–pi~kaAaoM maoM Cp kr #yaait Aija-t kr rho hOM. purvaa[- ka str AaOr ivatrNa p`itidna baZ, rha hO.

Qaaima-k va saaMskRitk saMsqaaeM—
[sa trh iba`Tona maoM AaOr BaI bahut saI eosaI saMsqaae hO ijanako kaya- ivaivaQa hOM¸ jaao yaU•ko• maoM ihndI ko saaqa BaartIya saMsÌit ko ]nnayana AaOr p`caar–p`saar ko ilae p`itbaw hO – 

laMdna AaOr saro maoM —BaartIya ivaVa Bavana¸ Aaya- samaaja Bavana¸ Aaya- samaaja maMidr¸ ivaSva ihndU maMidr saa]qahala¸ ihMdU klcarla saaosaa[TI¸ klaa jyaaoit¸ ihndU saaosaa[TI TUiTMga¸ BaartIya &anadIp laMdna¸ slaaoh ihMdU maMidr¸ mahalaxmaI sa%saMga maMidr¸ baalaBavana¸ EaI ÌYNa maMidr¸ svamaInaarayaNa maMidr¸ kmyaUinaTI saonTr¸ [MiDyana esaaoisaeSana.
imaDlaONDsa maoM—baalaBavana¸ EaI ÌYNa maMidr¸ Ìit yaU•ko•¸ gaIta Bavana¸ ka^vaoT/I maoM ihndU maMidr¸ kmyaUinaTI saonTr.
maOnacaMsTr maoM—BaartIya ivaVaBavana¸ ihndU maMidr¸ kmyaUinaTI saonTr [MiDyaa saonTr.
naa^iTMGama maoM—klaa saonTr¸ EaI rama maMidr¸ kmyaUinaTI saonTr
ska^TlaOND AaOr vaolsa maoM—kmyaUinaTI saonTr¸ ihndU maMidr.
naad-na AayarlaOND maoM—[MiDyana kmyaUinaTI saonTr

[na saba ko Aitir@t ihndI iflmaaoM AaOr ihndI Toilaivaj,ana caOnala AaOr sanara[j,a roiDyaao Aaid ka ihndI ko p`caar–p`saar maoM mah%vapUNa- yaaogadana iba`Tona maoM rha hO. Aaja ihndI caOnaola BaartIyaaoM ko Aitir@t paikstanaI¸ baMgalaadosaI¸ kuC AMga`oja,¸ saiba-yana¸ baaosainayana¸ ArbaI¸ AÍIkna¸ isaip`yaoT\sa¸ [ranaI Aaid saBaI doSaaoM ko iba`TonavaasaI laaoga iba`Tona maoM ska[-, saOTlaa[T, AaOr kobala ko Wara doKto hOM.

ivaSva ko maanaica~ maoM ihndI kI isqait pr dRiYT DalaoM tao yah sauKd AnauBaUit haotI hO ik ihndI kI Sabd saM#yaa ka ijatnaa ivastar ipClao 50–60 vaYaao- maoM huAa hO ]tnaa ivaSva kI Saayad hI iksaI Anya BaaYaa maoM huAa haogaa. lagaBaga savaa kraoD, BaartIya maUla ko laaoga duinayaa ko saOkD,aoM doSaao maoM basao hue hOM. ivadoSaI ivaSvaivaValayaaoM maoM ihndI ko pzna–pazna ko AMtga-t 165 ivaSvaivaValayaaoM maoM ihndI ko AQyana–AQyaapna kI vyavasqaa hO. yaanaI kula imalaakr ihndI ko ilae AcCa–Kasaa vaatavarNa tOyaar hO. vastut: AavaSyakta hO [samaoM AaOr AiQak sauQaar kI tqaa [sao AaOr AiQak sqaa[- banaanao kI taik na[- pIZ,I maoM BaI ihndI ko p`it inaYza AaOr svaIkaya- kI maanaisakta ivakisat hao.


pRYz : 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6

Agalao AMk maoM BaartIyaaoM ko baIca ihndI

 
1

1
मुखपृष्ठ पुरालेख तिथि अनुसार । पुरालेख विषयानुसार । अपनी प्रतिक्रिया  लिखें / पढ़े
1
1

© सर्वाधिका सुरक्षित
"अभिव्यक्ति" व्यक्तिगत अभिरुचि की अव्यवसायिक साहित्यिक पत्रिका है। इस में प्रकाशित सभी रचनाओं के सर्वाधिकार संबंधित लेखकों अथवा प्रकाशकों के पास सुरक्षित हैं। लेखक अथवा प्रकाशक की लिखित स्वीकृति के बिना इनके किसी भी अंश के पुनर्प्रकाशन की अनुमति नहीं है। यह पत्रिका प्रत्येक
सोमवार को परिवर्धित होती है।