मुखपृष्ठ

पुरालेख-तिथि-अनुसार -पुरालेख-विषयानुसार -हिंदी-लिंक -हमारे-लेखक -लेखकों से


iba`Tona maoM ihndI³4´

ivadoSaI pirvaoSa maoM pnapta ihndI laoKna 

—]Yaa rajao sa@saonaa


[MglaOMD sada sao kma ]nnat doSaaoM ko ilae 'p`a^imasa laOND' AaOr ivasqaaipt laaogaaoM ka AaEayadata rha hO. jaba kBaI yaaoraop ko pUvaI- doSaaoM maoM kao[- ]qala–puqala yaa ËaMit hu[- tao Baagao hue Asaurixat laaoga saurxaa kI dRiYT sao samaud`I rastaoM sao Aa kr laMdna ko pUvaI- [laakaoM maoM basa gae AaOr vao ]na maohnatkSa kamaaoM kao krnao lagao ijasao iba`Tona ko maUla inavaasaI AMga`oj,a nasla ko gaaoro laaoga nahIM krnaa caahto qao. Aavaagamana ko [sa caË kao yaid eoithaisak dRiYT sao doKa jaae tao p`qama AaOr iWtIya mahayauw ko baad [MglaOMD maoM Aa[irSa¸, yahUdI¸ paoilaSa AaOr [TOilayana maohnatkSa SarNaaqaI- ek baD,I saM#yaa maoM Aae AaOr sqaanaIya laaogaaoM sao dUr Kstahala [-sT laMdna ko [laako maoM gaOTaoj,a yaanaI baistyaaM banaa kr rhnao lagao. iba`iTSa dUsaro doSaaoM sao Aae laaogaaoM kI BaaYaa AaOr saMsÌit na jaananao ko ko karNa ]nhoM AcCI dRiYT sao nahIM doKto qao AaOr ]nasao dUrI banaae rKnao ko ilae vah bastI CaoD, kr calao jaato qao. yao CaoD,I hu[- jagahoM ivasqaaipt laaogaaoM ko irha[Sa ko kama AatI jaao sastI AaOr igartI hu[- halat maoM qaI.

ivasqaaipt yahUdI AaOr paoilaSa Apnao ivasqaapna AaOr saMGaYa- ko idnaaoM maoM [-sT laMdna ko poTIkaoT laona AaOr vaosT laMdna ko paoTao-baolaao maako-T tqaa Anya BaagaaoM maoM camaD,o ko kpD,aoM AaOr Anya ]pyaaogaI vastuAaoM ka vyaapar krto. [sa trh yao laaoga iba`Tona ko TUirsT caaorbaaj,aar AaOr sasto [laakaoM maoM sTa^la lagaa kr maohnatkSa kama krto hue QaIro–QaIro QanaaZ\ya haoto hue naaqa- laMdna ko gaaolDsa- ga`Ina, hOmpsToD, iÔncalao vaombalao Aaid jaOsao Apmaako-T xao~aoM maoM ApnaI jagah banaato calao gae. Aaja gaaolDsa- ga`Ina AaOr Apmaako-T laMdna ko baD,o irha[SaI xao~ hO. AiQakaMSa yahUdI Aaja bata-inayaa ko p`mauK r[-saaoM maoM iganao jaato hO. [saI trh BaartIya BaI iba`Tona maoM Apnao pOr jamaanao ko ilae yahUidyaaoM AaOr paoilaSa Aap`vaasaI ko banaae na@Sao–k,dma pr calato hue, poTIkaoT laona AaOr paoTao-baolaao maako-T sao Qana Aija-t krto–krto Aagao baZ,to rho. Aaja hmaaro BaartIya maUla ko laaoga laaKaoM AaOr kraoD,aoM ko maailak hO AaOr iba`Tona ko hr xao~ maoM Apnaa ivaSaoYa sqaana banaa kr ]ccavaga- maoM Saaimala hao rho hOM. 

[sa p`kar ApnaI bastI banaa kr Apnao laaogaaoM ko saaqa 'gaoTaoj,a'` maoM rhnaa jahaM ek Aaor Aap`vaaisayaaoM kao AMd$naI majabaUtI AaOr Apnaapna dota hO vahIM dUsarI Aaor nae doSa maoM Aakr ApnaI Alaga bastI banaa kr ]sa doSa ko inavaaisayaaoM sao Alaga rhnao sao ]sa doSa kao samaJanao AaOr ]sa doSa ko saaqa imala kr rhnao maoM id@ktoM pOda krta hO. k[- baar yahI naslaI BaodBaava ka karNa BaI bana jaata hO. [naa^k pavaola jaOsao isar ifro rajanaIit&aoM kao j,ahr Gaaolanao ka maaOka dota hO. iba`Tona ko maUla inavaasaI ka^rkoisayana yaanaI AMga`oj,a [sa trh ko basaava kao AcCI dRiYT sao nahIM doK pato hO. At: jaba kBaI doSa maoM Aaiqa-k igarava Aata hO tao sqaanaIya laaoga Aap`vaasaI samaudaya kao hI ]sako ilae daoYaI zhrato hO. yahI karNa hO ik jahaM–jahaM pr [sa trh ko basaava hue hOM vahaM–vahaM naslaI dMgao hue hO. prMtu [sa trh ko dbaava AaOr tnaava nao p`vaaisayaaMo maoM jauD,ava AaOr ApnaI saByata–saMsÌit tqaa BaaYaa kao bacaae rKnao kI p`orNaa kI Aigna BaI dI. 

yaUM doKa jaae tao iba`Tona saidyaaoM sao ekla BaaYaI¸ ekla saMsÌit¸ ekla saByata AaOr ekla Qama- vaalaa doSa rha hO. pcaasavaIM AaOr saazvaIM ko dSak maoM yaayaavar AaOr baaOiQak laaogaaoM kao CaoD, kr yahaM kI saamaanya janata kao baahrI duinayaa ko baaro maoM bahut kma pta qaa. vastut: Aama AMga`oj,aaoM kao Baart jaOsao doSaaoM ko baaro maoM baD,a hI ]qalaa AaOr ivaica~ p`kar ka nakara%mak &ana qaa. 1960–70 ko dSak maoMM hmaarI maulaakat k[- eosao SvaotvaNa- laaogaaoM sao hu[- ijanhoM yah BaI nahIM pta qaa ik AMga`oj,aI BaaYaa AaOr saByata ko Alaavaa duinayaa maoM AaOr BaI kao[- ivakisat BaaYaa AaOr saByata hO. [MglaOMD maoM hj,aaraoM AaOr laaKaoM eosao laaoga qao ijanhaoMnao laMdna AaOr ska^TlaOMD tk nahIM doKa qaa tao Baart jaOsao doSaaoM kI tao baat hI AaOr qaI. rajanaIit&aoM AaOr vyaapairyaaoM kao CaoD, kr Aama AMga`oj,aI janata sahja–sarla Cla–p`pMca sao dUr laa^ Abaa[iDMga AaOr saIQaI–saaQaI hO. saazvaI ko dSak maoM jaba maOM Sau$–Sau$ maoM yahaM Aa[- qaI tao hr raoj,a mauJao ivaica~–ivaica~ sao AnauBava sqaanaIya AMga`j,aao ko saMpk- maoM Aanao sao haoto rhto qao. 

ijasa trh ko naslaI rMga–Baod ka vaNa-na maOMnao iÔlmaaoM¸ pustkaoM vagaOrh maoM doKa AaOr pZ,a qaa ]sa trh ka Kulaa AaOr ]qalaa BaodBaava doKnao ka saaOBaagya mauJao Apnao AMga`oj,a pD,aoisayaaoM AaOr saaiqayaaoM sao kBaI nahIM imalaa. haM¸ ]nhoM hmaaro rIit–irvaaj,a AaOr pairvaairk saMbaMQaaoM kao samaJanao maoM bahut id@kt AaOr AaScaya- haota¸ ivaSaoYakr Aronja maOirja,¸ iptRsa%ta%mak pairvaairk inayama AaOr is~yaaoM ko Aivakisat BaagyavaadI saaoca pr. haMlaaik [MglaOMND basa ABaI–ABaI iptRsa%ta%mak iva@Taoiryana saByata sao ]bara qaa. basa ABaI qaaoD,o idnaaoM phlao hI tao 'ivamaonsa ilaba' ka AaMdaolana AarMBa huAa qaa¸ 'ba`a baina-Mga' hu[- qaI¸ is~yaaoM kao samaana Avasar AaOr vaaoT donao ka AiQakar imalaa qaa. ]pinavaoSa sao Aae Qana sao ga`oTr laMdna AaOr Anya sqaanaIya pirYadoM saamaanya janata kao ibanaa BaodBaava ko baD,o–baD,o baohtr Gar KrIdnao AaOr vyaapar ko ilae sahayata do rhI qaIM. hr mauhllao maoM Asptala¸ skUla AaOr klyaaNa kond` sqaaipt hao cauko qao. [MglaOMD ]nmau@t AaOr ivakisat samaaja ka rMga$p ga`hNa kr cauka qaa. naaOjavaana laaoga mastI maoM qao. naaOkiryaaoM kI kao[- kmaI nahIM qaI. laobar sarkar ka laxya qaa ik hr pirvaar ko pasa Apnaa makana hao. 

duinayaa ko hr doSa maoM jahaM BaI dUsaro nasla AaOr jaait ko laaoga Aa basato hOM ]sa doSa ko kuC AitvaadI laaoga hmaoSaa kao[- na kao[- karNa dMgaa krnao ko ilae inakala hI laoto hO. [saI trh [MglaOMD maoM BaI CuT–puT ga,Or kanaUnaI naslaI dMgao AaOr tnaava samaya–samaya pr haoto rho hOM. K,asataOr pr 1971–78 ko baIca ³AÍIkna¸ eiSayana AaOr gaaoro isknahoD ko baIca´ lyaUSama¸ nyaUËasa¸ nyaUhma¸ iba`@saTna¸ baoDfaod-¸ baima-MgaGama¸ ka^vaonT/I Aaid maoM. dMgaaoM kI KbaroM hma eiSayaa[yaaoM kao A@sar BayaBaIt kr dotI AaOr hma vaapsa Apnao doSa jaanao kI saaocanao lagato pr hma vaastva maoM kBaI vaapsa nahIM jaato. hmaaro laaoga A@sar ek trh ko vaapsa jaanao kI mana:isqait sao pIiD,t haoto. dosaI laaoga AaOpinavaoiSak maanaisak dasata ko karNa k[- baar ibalaavajah BaI gaaoraoM sao Drto AaOr ]nhoM Apnao sao }Mcaa¸ baD,a AaOr saahba samaJato ijasasao k[- p`kar kI samasyaaeM AaOr galatÔhimayaaM KD,I hao jaatIM. 

saaz ko dSak maoM BaI ³Aaja tao samaya badla cauka hO´ basaaoM¸ dukanaaoMM¸ Aa^iÔsa Aaid maoM khIM BaI ]sa trh ka CuAaCUt yaa BaodBaava doKnao kao nahIM imalata qaa jaOsaa ik hma iktabaaoM Aaid maoM AaOpinavaoiSak samaya ko baaro maoM pZ,to hOM. Aama AMga`oj,a ima@sa maOirja ko i#,alaaÔ nahIM hO. ekta AaOr SaaMit ko ilae vah [sao AcCa hI samaJata hO. Flaavar pIpula AaOr ihPpI AaMdaolana ek trh sao naslaI BaodBaava imaTanao ka hI AaMdaolana qaa. 1976 ko ihPpI foisTvala ko ]%sava maoM maOM svayaM Saaimala qaI. maOM AaOr maoro saaqa kI bahut saI kamakajaI eiSayana maihlaaAaoM ko baccao AMga`oja naOnaI yaa caa[lD maa[MDr Wara hI plao hO. AMga`oj,a svaBaava sao AaËmak nahIM hO. iba`iTSa samaaja maoM vyai@tgat saMbaMQaaoM maoM roisaj,ama nahIM hO. pr yah khnaa ik [MglaOMND maoM roisaj,ama nahIM hO galat haogaa¸ [MglaOMD maoM roisaj,ama hO AaOr '[MsTIT\yaUSanala roisaj,ama' kI Kbar hmaoM Aae idna roiDyaao¸ AKbaaraoM AaOr Toilaivaj,ana ko maaQyama sao imalatI rhtI hO. prMtu [MglaOMD maoM Amaoirka vaalaa hala kBaI nahIM rha. 

kBaI–kBaI TIvaI¸ iqaeTr yaa dIvaaraoM pr vyaMgaa%mak vaa@ya¸ cauTkulao¸ maj,aak yaa naslaI naaro jaOsao 'blaO@sa gaao baOk'¸ 'pakI' Aaid Sabd ga`ÔITI kI Sa@la maoM idKa[- AaOr saunaa[- doto hO. yao saba baatoM iba`Tona maoM rhnao vaalao BaartIya samaaja kao ]iWgna krnao maoM sahayak haotIM pirNaama sva$p ihndI laoKkaoM nao Aap`vaasaI samaudaya ko p`it hao rho [sa trh ko vyavahar AaOr Anyaaya ko ivaraoQa maoM Aavaaj,a ]zanaI Sau$ kr dI. ihndI laoKna BaI [sasao ACUta na rh saka. inaiKla kaOiSak kI 'tuma laMdna Aanaa caahto hao'¸ ]Yaa rajao kI 'isayaasat Kbar' ³1991–92 naslaI dMgaaoM pr p`itiËyaa´¸ gaaOtma sacadova kI 'hvvaa ka bayaana'  Aaid kivataeM [sa baat ka p`maaNa hOM. ihndI laoKkaoM nao Baart ko p`it ApnaI naa^sTOiljak BaavanaaeM tao vya@t kI hI saaqa hI iba`Tona maoM hao rho rMga–Baod kao BaI AaD,o haqa ilayaa 'lao kr haqa maoM daij-ailaMga ka Pyaalaa'– ititxaa Saah¸ 'j,a#maaoM ka AaMgana'–saaohna rahI¸ 'prdosa' ³khanaI´ p`aNa Samaa-¸ 'ra^^naI' ³khanaI´ ]Yaa vamaa- Aid ÌityaaM [nhIM pirisqaityaaoM maoM ilaKI ga[-M.

ipClao tIna–caar dSakaoM maoM iba`Tona ko rhna–sahna¸ Kana–pana¸ fOSana Aaid kI saMrcanaa p`vaaisayaaoM ko Aanao sao badlaI hO. Aaja maa~ laMdna maoM hI 4000 [MiDyana rosT/aM hO. phlao Aama AMga`oj,a A@sar svaad badlanao ko ilae 'iÔSa AaOr icaPsa' Kata qaa Aaja vah '[MiDyana TokAvao' Kata hO. phlao vah ApnaI ip`yatmaa ko saaqa pak- yaa kMT/Isaa[D maoM raomaaMsa krta qaa AaOr Aba vah icakna ibairyaanaI AaOr icakna iT@ka ko saaqa 'kOMDla–laa[T' maoM [MiDyana rosTaoronT maoM p`Naya inavaodna krta hOM. vastut: Aaja gaaoro k[- maa[nao maoM isamaT rho hOM AaOr hma fOla rho hO. Aba yah vah iba`Tona nahIM rha jaao 1967–68 ko samaya maoM qaa. 1945 maoM ASvaot iba`Tona maoM maa~ hj,aaraoM kI tadad maoM qao AaOr 1970 maoM yahI saM#yaa Za[- laaK kao par kr ga[-. Aaja tIsa laaK sao }pr ASvaot yaU ko maoM irha[Sa kr rho hOM. Aaja AMga`oj,aao kI SabdavalaI maoM saOkD,ao ihndI Sabd samaaiht hO. [sa vaYa- inaklaa 'nyaU Aa@sÔD- iD@SanarI' [saka jaIta–jaagata ]dahrNa hOM. AMga`oj,aI ]pnyaasaaoM AaOr khainayaaoM maoM saOkD,aoM ihndI ko raomaanaa[j,D Sabd imalato hO. phlao AMga`oja BaartIyaaoM kao naaOkrI dota qaa¸ Aaja BaartIya ]nho naaOkrI dota hO.

yahI karNa hO ik ipClao baIsa vaYaao- maoM ihndI BaaYaa QaIro–QaIro iba`Tona maoM mauKirt haonao lagaI. vastut: ihndI kI mauKrta nao ivaiBanna $p ilae. phlao vah GaraoM maoM baaolaI–pZ,I AaOr ilaKI ga[-¸ ifr maMidraoM AaOr BavanaaoM maoM gaIta–Baagavat AaOr ramaayaNa ko $p maoM pZ,I–pZa[- ga[-M. ihndI Aagao baZ,I tao baccaaoM kao saaPtahaMt ko skUlaaoM maoM samaip-t iSaxakaoM Wara pZ,a[- ga[-. jaba AaOr Aagao calaI tao vayask iSaxaa saMsqaaAaoM maoM sarkarI Anaudana sao Da@Tr [MjaIinayar¸ TIcar Aaid kao BaartIya janata sao sampk- sqaaipt krnao ko ilae pZ,I–pZ,a[- ga[-. ifr pZ,a[- ga[- T/oinaMga ka^laojaaoM maoM Ca~aoM ko saaMskRitk pRYzBaUima kao samaJanao–samaJaanao ko ilae. Aagao ifr saamaudaiyak BaaYaa ko tht skUlaaoM ko paz\yaËma maoM lagaa[- ga[- AaOr ifr ivaSvaivaValayaaoM maoM tao saidyaaoM sao pZ,a[- jaatI rhI hO ivaSva baaj,aar kI Kaitr. Aba Aaja ihndI pZ,nao–pZ,anao vaalaaMo ka¸ ihndI p`oimayaaoM ka¸ ihndI BaaiYayaaoM ka¸ ihndI iSaxakaoM ka¸ ihndI laoKkaoM–kivayaaoM ka¸ tqaa saMsqaaAaoM Aaid ka naoTvak- saa bana gayaa hO. ivaSvajaala yaanaI [MTrnaoT pr Aanao sao ihndI laoKkaoM¸ kivayaaoM AaOr pazkaoM kI saM#yaa baZ,I hO. Aaja AiQakaMSa ihndI p`omaI saMsqaaAaoM¸ gaaoiYzyaaoM AaOr sammaolanaaoM Wara ek dUsaro ko saMpk- maoM Aato hOM. pi~ka 'purvaa[-'¸ 'ihndI saimait'¸ 'naoh$ saonTr'¸ 'kqaa yaU ko'¸ 'gaItaMjaila bahuBaaYaIya samaudaya'¸ 'Ìit yaU ko' evaM iba`Tona kI Anya saMsqaae laoKkaoM¸ kivayaaoM AaOr ihndI pazkaoM kao jaaoD,nao ka ek saSa@t maaQyama bana rhI hO.

Aaja iba`Tona maoM ihndI ka kaya- dbao–Cupo nahIM hao rha hO bailk Kulao Aama saaihi%yak gaaoiYzyaaM¸ raYT/Iya¸ AMtra-YT/Iya sammaolana¸ ihndI kI prIxaaeM¸ ihndI &ana p`ityaaoigataeM Aaid hao rhI hO. baajaarao maoM¸ pakao- maoM¸ gailayaaoM maoM¸ isanaomaaAaoM maoMM¸ naaT\yaSaalaaAaoM maoM¸ [MTrnaoT pr¸ roiDyaao pr¸ Toilaivaj,ana pr¸ AKbaar maoM¸ paosTraoM maoM ihndI Kulao Aama baaolaI–ilaKI AaOr samaJaI jaa rhI hO. ihndI baaolanaa–ilaKnaa Aba TObaU nahIM hO. Aaja ihndI p`omaI AaOr ihndI BaaYaI iba`Tona maoM ihndI kao sampk- BaaYaa ko $p maoM Kula kr p`yaaoga maoM laa rho hOM. Aaja dFtr¸ Asptala¸ pustkalaya¸ puilasa–caaOkI¸ baOMk¸ T/Ovaola ejaonT Aaid ko yahaM Aapkao ihndI maoM pOmaFlaoT imala jaaeMgao. yaid Aapkao AMgao`j,aI nahIM AatI hO tao BaI Aap iba`Tona maoM Aarama sao rh sakto hOM. yaa~a kr sakto hOM. Aapkao kao[- na kao[- ihndI baaolanao yaa samaJanao vaalaa imala hI jaaegaa. 

Aba iba`Tona ko pustkalayaaoM ko eqainak sao@Sana maoM p`isaw BaartIya laoKkaoM ko Aitir@t iba`Tona maoM rhnaovaalao ihndI laoKkaoM kI ihndI maoM ilaKI ]pnyaasa¸ khanaI AaOr kivata kI pustkoM imala jaatI hO. iba`Tona ko k[- labQap`itYz laoKk vaYaao- sao inarMtr ilaK rho hOM AaOr doSa–ivadoSa maoM Apnao laoKna ko ilae jaanao–phcaanao jaato hOM. jaOsao Da• sa%yaond` EaIvaastva jaI 1958 sao iba`Tona maoM rhto hue BaI ihndI maoM ilaKto Aa rho hOM. ]nakI rcanaaeM inarMtr 'Qama-yauga' maoM p`kaiSat haotI rhI hOM. [saI trh ka^vaonT/I ko p`aNa Samaa- jaI 1966 sao inarMtr ilaKto Aa rho hOM. p`aNa jaI kI rcanaae kadmbanaI maoM p`kaiSat haotI rhI hOM saaqa hI ]nakI khanaI 'prayaa doSa' 1982 ko Agast maoM AMtra-YT/Iya khanaI p`ityaaoigata maoM pursÌt hu[-. ]dU- ko Saayar saaohna rahI jaI ihndI ko gaItaoM ko ilae p`isaw hMO. rahI jaI ka gaIt 'kaoyala kUk ppIha baaolao' A%yaMt p`isaw huAa saaqa hI ]nhaoMnao mau#ya Qaara ko [MiDponDonT Toilaivaj,ana pr gaIt–gaj,ala p`ityaaoigata jaIt kr p`isaiw pa[-. [saI trh 1968 sao EaI kOlaaSa bauQavaar AaOr naroSa Araora jaI Apnao inabaMQaaoM AaOr irpaoiT-Mga ko laoKna ko ilae jaanao jaato hO. svagaI-ya AaoMkar EaIvaastva¸ kIit- caaOQarI¸ Acalaa Samaa-¸ naroSa BaartI¸ gaaOtma sacadova¸ ]Yaa rajao¸ idvyaa maaqaur¸ rmaa Baagava- Aaid ko naama iba`Tona maoM ihndI laoKna ko ilae iva#yaat hO.

Aaja ihndI saaih%ya ko laoKna ka ek bahut baD,a ihssaa Baart sao baahr ihndI maoM saRijat hao rha hO. maa^irSasa ko baad iba`Tona hI ek eosaa doSa hO jahaM sabasao AiQak ihndI saaih%ya saRjana gaitSaIla hO. [MglaOMD maoM Aapkao hr ]ma` ko kiva¸ khanaIkar¸ ]pnyaasakar¸ naaTkkar¸ inabaMQakar¸ vyaMgyakar¸ hasya laoKk¸ Aalaaocak¸ irpao-Tr Aaid saBaI trh ko saaih%yakar imala jaaeMgao. Aba tao ra^yala foisTvala ha^la yaa iksaI baD,o pustkalaya ko p`aMgaNa maoM baOzkr ima~aoM ko saaqa gaaoYzI yaa cacaa- kr sakto hOM. mau#ya Qaara ko AKbaar AaOr Toilaivaj,ana pr Aapka p`saarNa hao sakta hO. Aap ihndI ko kaya-ËmaaoM ko ilae kao[- BaI ha^la ikrae pr lao sakto hOM.

yahaM pr yah batanaa BaI p`asaaMigak rhogaa ik yaU ko sao 'purvaa[-' AaOr 'AmardIp' ³[sasao pUva- 'caotk'¸ 'p`vaaisanaI'¸ 'ihndI' Aaid´ tao p`kaiSat haotI hI hO¸ saaqa hI Amaoirka sao 'ivaSvaa'¸ 'ivaSva–ivavaok'¸ saaOrBa'¸ 'BaartI'¸ naavao- sao 'spa[-la–dp-Na' evaM 'SaaMitdUt'¸ iÔjaI sao 'lahr' va 'saMskRit'¸ maa^irSasa sao 'AaËaoSa'¸ 'mau@ta'¸ 'janavaaNaI'¸ 'irmaiJama'¸ saUrInaama sao 'saotubaMQa¸ 'sarsvatI'¸ 'Baartaodya'¸ 'vaOidk saMdoSa'¸ kOnaoDa sao 'ihndI caotnaa' AaOr AasT/oilayaa sao 'caotnaa' Aaid pi~kaeM inarMtr p`kaiSat hao rhI hOM. yao pi~kaeM doSa–ivadoSa ko saaih%yakaraoM kao saMyau@t maMca dotI hOM saaqa hI saMsaar ko kaonao–kaonao maoM ihndI ko p`caar–p`saar ka BaI kaya- krtI hOM. [namaoM sao k[- pi~kaeM A%yaMt ]ccakaoiT kI saaihi%yak ivaYaya vastu p`stut krtI hOM ijanhoM doSa–ivadoSa maoM basao ihndI BaaYaa AaOr saaih%ya maoM $ica rKnao vaalao laaoga pZ,to hOM. Baart maoM BaI [na pi~kaAaoM ko AsaM#ya pazk hOM. 

[sa samaya iba`Tona maoM hI lagaBaga pcaasa–pcapna laoiKkaeM–laoKk [sa trh ka gaMBaIr saaih%ya saRijat kr rho hOM jaao iba`iTSa–[MiDyana jana–jaIvana AaOr ]qala–puqala kao ivaSaoYakr roKaMikt kr rha hOM. vao ek hI nahIM k[-–k[- ivaQaaAaoM maoM pUrI gaMBaIrta sao strIya laoKna kr rho hOM. laMdna sao p`kaiSat haonao vaalaI pi~ka 'purvaa[-' Aaja Apnao p`kaSana ko Wara iba`Tona¸ Baart tqaa Anya doSaaoM maoM ilaKo jaanao vaalao eosao ivaSaoYa p`vaasaI saaih%ya–saRjana kao p`kaSa maoM laa rhI hO jaao ivaSva ko ihndI laoKna maoM sahja hI Apnaa mah%vapUNa- sqaana banaato jaa rho hOM. yahaM yah baat BaI ]llaoKnaIya hO ik iba`Tona ko bahut sao laoKk inarMtr Baart kI p`mauK p~–pi~kaAaoM maoM Cp rho hO AaOr psaMd ike jaa rho hOM.

[MglaOMD maoM basao p`vaasaI BaartIyaaoM ka laoKna iÔjaI,¸ maa^irSasa¸ saUrInaama AaOr i~inadad maoM basao p`vaasaI BaartvaMiSayaaoM sao sava-qaa iBanna hO. [MglaOMD maoM BaartIya svaocCa AaOr baohtr BaivaYya kI Kaoja maoM Aae iknhIM dbaavaaoM ko tht nahIM. At: ]nakI rcanaaAaoM maoM ArNya–raodna nahIM hO na hI ]nako svar maoM AaËaoYa hO. iba`Tona ko laoKkaoM kI rcanaaAaoM maoM nae samaaja kI baunaavaT¸ badlato pirvaoSa AaOr badlatI maanyataAaoM ko Aaklana ko saaqa Qana sao Aa[- qakna¸ eoSvaya- AaOr ivaÌityaaoM sao Aa[- GabarahT BaI hO. doSa kI yaad Aanao pr vao $dna nahIM krto varna doSa jaa kr Gar pirvaar sao imala ]nakI badhalaI¸ badlatI maanaisakta¸ saMvaodnaa AaOr AapaQaapI vaalao pirvaoSa pr Aalaaocanaa%mak dRiYT Dalato hue baD,I baobaakI sao 'baoGar'³laoiKka –Acalaa Samaa-´¸ 'puranaa Gar nae vaasaI'³laoKk– Da• iÔraoj,a mauKjaI-´¸ 'ek maulaakat'³laoiKka– ]Yaa rajao´ 'ifr kBaI sahI³laoiKka– idvyaa maaqaur´ jaOsaI khainayaaM ilaK Dalato hO. saMklana 'ima+I kI saugaMQa' ³saMpadk–]Yaa rajao sa@saonaa´ maoM phlaI baar CpI tojaond` Samaa- kI khanaI 'AiBaSaPt' ka tao ABaI hala hI maoM naaT\ya mMacana BaI hao cauka hO. 

[Qar iba`Tona maoM ilaKI jaa rhI kivataAaoM maoM naOraSya nahIM bailk qaD- valD- ko ilae vaOiSvak baocaOnaI AaOr ËaMit hO. kuC ]dahrNa doKoM :
'vao ifr KrId lao jaaeMgao 
hmaaro bauiwjaIivayaaoM AaOr naaOjavaanaaoM kao 
AaOr hma KulaI AaMK 
ivaSva klyaaNa ka svaPna doKto rhoMgao 
—]Yaa rajao

tumharI salaah hmaarI saByata nahIM hO
yah ³iba`Tona´ hmaarI kma-BaUima hO
hmaaro baccaaoM kI janma BaUima hO
puranao irStaoM kI laaSa pr nae irSto banaanaa 
hmaarI saByata nahIM hO 
@yaaoM ik Baart hmaarI maatRBaUima hO.
—ititxaa Saah– Axarma AMk– 25 

jaOsao Baava kivata maoM ipraoe jaato hOM. pd\maoSa gauPt¸ tojaond` Samaa-¸ svaNa- talavaaD,¸ AnauraQaa Samaa-¸ baRja gaaoyala¸ jayaa vamaa- Aaid kI kivataAaoM maoM BaI maanavaIya saMvaodnaaeM AaOr baocaOnaI mauKirt hu[- hO.

[sa saMdBa- maoM p`aNa Samaa- kI rcanaa 'vatna kao CaoD, Aayaa hUM`,'¸ Da• sa%yaond` EaIvaastva kI 'iSalp gaIt'¸ inaiKla EaIvaastva kI 'maOM laMdna Aanaa caahta hUM'¸ idvyaa maaqaur kI 'kZ,I'¸ gaaOtma sacadova kI 'AaAao kpaotaoM kao danaa caugaaeM'¸ Ainala Samaa- kI 'AQar ka pula'¸  ]Yaa vamaa- kI 'BaTka huAa BaivaYya'¸ taoYaI AmaRta kI 'sa%yamaova jayat'o¸ Baartondu ivamala kI 'pr ekakIpna vaOsaa hO'¸ svaNa- tlavaaD, kI 'ek TUTa p%ta'¸ icarMjaIva Samaa- 'gaumanaama' kI 'irSto' tqaa p`Iit gauPta kI 'Anajaana rahoM' Aaid kivataeM tqaa pd\maoSa gauPt kI 'dUrbaaga maoM saaoMQaI ima+I' kavya saMklana ³saMpadk – pd\maoSa gauPt´ ]llaoKnaIya hOM. 

Amaoirka kI sauYama baodI BaartIya saaih%ya ko puraoQaaAaoM kao saMbaaoiQat krto hue p`vaasaI BaartvaMSaI laoKna ko baaro maoM ilaKtI hOM¸ "Baart sao baahr ilaKo jaa rho ihndI laoKna ka jaba Apnaa nayaa tovar naj,ar Aanao lagaogaa tao Saayad Baart ka ihndI saMsaar BaI ]nhoM maanyata donao sao nahIM caUk sakta. iflahala yah laoKna kma- ABaI ]Bar hI rha hO Saayad [saIilae [Qar jyaada Qyaana donaa ja$rI nahIM samaJaa jaa rha yaa ifr ihndI maoM saaih%ya ko Avalaaokna –AvamaUlyana ka kama yaMU BaI K,asa doKa nahIM jaata AaOr jaao ikyaa jaata hO vah iksa AaQaar pr yah BaI saaÔ nahIM haota."  [saI ivaYaya maoM [MglaOMD ko Da• gaaOtma sacadova Apnao ivacaar p`kT krto hue ilaKto hOM¸ "iba`Tona kI khainayaaoM maoM klaa¸ kaOSala AaOr iSalp ko maMjaava kI Apoxaa saMvaodnaa AaOr [-maadarI AiQak hO. yahaM ko khanaIkar managaZMt yaa kpaola–kilpt khainayaaM nahIM ilaKto. na hI maa~ manaaorMjana ko ilae ilaKto hOM. vao jaIvana saMdBaao-M AaOr jaIvana AnauBavaaoM sao khainayaaM ]zato hOM. ]nakI khainayaaM saamaaijak saraokar kI khainayaaM hOM. jaIvana kI dOnaMidna samasyaaAaoM AaOr AnauBavaaoM kI khainayaaM hOM. ]namaoM Aa%maIyata hO. yahaM ko khanaIkar Baart kI p`itiYzt p~–pi~kaAaoM maoM inarMtr p`kaiSat hao rho hOM AaOr saraho jaa rho hOM¸ jaao ]nakI laaokip`yata AaOr mau#yaQaara ko khanaIkar maanao jaanao ka jaIta jaagata p`maaNa hO."³'purvaa[-'– pR 38 A@tUbar–idsaMbar 2003´

iba`Tona maoM ilaKo jaa rho ihndI saaih%ya kI ApnaI Alaga saMvaodnaa hO. ]samaoM BaartIya mana hO AaOr saaqa hI ]sakI ApnaI ivaiSaYT p`vaasaI saaoca hO [sailae ]saka Apnaa Alaga tovar hO. p`vaasaI BaartvaMSaI ihndI laoKk lagaatar na[- j,amaIna taoD, rho hOM. vastut: iba`iTSa–ihndI khanaIkar saMvaodna saMskar ko $p maoM Apnao pirvaoSa kao ga`hNa krto hO. vao ]saI maoM jaIto hO¸ saaMsa laoto hO. At: p`vaasaI laoKk jaba Apnao Gar–pirvaar AaOr ima+I sao Alaga hao kr ek Anya doSa–kala AaOr pirvaoSa maoM calaa jaata hO tao vahaM ]sako nae saMskar banato hOM¸ nae dRiYTkaoNa banato hOM. maahaOla badla jaanao sao ]sakI ijaMdgaI maoM bahut saI pocaIdigayaaM Aa jaatI hOM. ]sakI maanyataeM badlanao laga jaatI hO. yahIM ]sako mana–maistYk maoM WnW ]Barnao lagatI hOM AaOr yahIM ]sakI saMvaodnaa ]sako klama, idlaao–idmaaga AaOr saaoMca pr kbj,aa krnao lagatI hO. iba`iTSa–ihMdI laoKkaoM kI 'ka^mPlaIkoToD`' saaoca¸ saMvaodnaa¸ yaqaaqa-prk dSana- ko saaqa saMsÌityaaoM kI TkrahT AaOr BaUmaMDlaIyakrNa ka dbaava ]nakI khainayaaoM kao pznaIya AaOr )dyaga`ahI banaa dotI hO. iba`Tona ko p`itiYzt laoKk gaaOtma sacadova jaI Aagao ifr purvaa[- maoM Cpo ek laoK maoM khto hOM¸ 'yao ³iba`Tona kI´ khainayaaM jaIvana ko ]na saMdBaao-M kao baD,I inakTta sao p`stut krtI hOM jaao Baart sao baahr ko hOM¸ ]na isqaityaaoM AaOr AnauBavaaoM kao ]jaagar krtI hO jaao ivadoSaaoM maoM hI doKnao–panao kao imalatoM hOM. [sailae vao mau#yaQaara ko pazkaoM kao vah sabakuC dotI hOM¸ jaao ]nhoM BaartIya khanaIkaraoM kI p`aya: piricat pirvaoSavaalaI khainayaaoM maoM bahut hd tk ]plabQa nahIM haota.

yaid ihndI saaih%ya kao plaT kr doKoM tao samaya–samaya pr dosaI–BaartIya laoKk AaQauinak yaUraopIya samaaja ko AMtrivaraoQaaoM AaOr KUibayaaoM pr inagaah Dalato rho hOM AaOr ilaKto rho hOM prMtu [Qar iba`Tona maoM rhnao vaalao ]Barto Aap`vaasaI BaartIya laoKkaoM nao [saI idSaa maoM Apoxatyaa jyaada p`amaaiNak AaOr ivaSvasanaIya kaya- ikyaa hO. saaqa hI ApnaI maUla BaartIya dRiYT AaOr paScaa%ya samaaja ko saaqa laMbao saMsaga- ko fla sva$p vao ]na hkIktaoM kao jyaada gahra[- sao pkD, pae hOM¸ jaao kBaI–kBaar kI [@ka–du@ka yaa~aAaoM kI pkD, maoM nahIM AatIM.

iba`Tona maoM dao trh ko laoKk hOM¸ ek tao vao jaao Baart sao p`itYzt hao kr Aae ijanakI laoKna SaOlaI AaOr saaoMca Baart sao hI pirp@va hao kr Aa[-¸ dUsaro vao ijanhaoMnao iba`Tona maoM Aakr ilaKnaa AarmBa ikyaa. daonaaoM ko laoKna–SaOlaI¸ saaoMca AaOr dRiYT maoM AMtr hO. Baart sao Aae p`itiYzt laoKk kI saaoMca maoM vah Qaar¸ pOnaapna AaOr sahja [maanadarI [MglaOMND ko samaaja ko p`it¸ ]sako pirvaoSa ko p`it nahI hOM jaao iba`Tona maoM ]pjao laoKk maoM Aa[- hO. Baart sao p`itiYzt hao kr Aae laoKk ivaWana hOM pr ]nako klama sao iba`Tona maoM idnarat badlato jaIvana kI Qaardar mahIna baarIikyaaoM kI KUbasaUrtI CUT jaatI hO @yaaoM ik ]namaoM ipClao saMskaraoM ko dbaava ka gahna baaoJa pUvaa-ga`h kI trh pOza rhta hO. At: vao saMsÌityaaoM ka sahja samanvaya na kr ko iba`Tona ko nakara%mak phlauAaoM pr hI dRiYT Dalato hue Apnao pUva- AnauBava pr naa^sTOiljak ivacaaraoM sao p`Baaivat laoKna krto hOM. [samaoM BaI dao raya nahIM hO ik vao laaoga ApoxaaÌt strIya laoKna kr rho hOM AaOr ]nako laoKna kI ApnaI phcaana AaOr SaOlaI hO. 

dUsaro iba`iTSa [MiDyana laoKk vao hOM ijanhaoMnao iba`Tona maoM Aa kr ilaKnaa Sau$ ikyaa hO jaao iba`Tona maoM yauvaa Avasqaa maoM hI Aa gae qao. At: ek laMbao Asao- sao iba`Tona maoM rhnao ko karNa vao yahaM ko pirvaoSa maoM sahja hI Gaula–imala gae. eosao laoKkaoM kI khainayaaM Apnao AlhD,pna¸ baobaakIpna AaOr baaMkopna ko karNa BaartIya iSalpa%mak caaOKTo sao iBanna hOM tao BaI saaMsÌitk AaGaat¸ saMsÌityaaoM ko Tkrava AaOr AaMtirk saMGaYa- ka daorMgaa jaIvana [na khainayaaoM kI AMt: sailalaa hOM. [na khainayaaoM maoM iSalp¸ $p AaOr saaOYzva pr Alaga sao saaocaa nahIM jaata hO¸ yao khainayaaM Apnao Aap Baava AaOr SabdaoM ko saharo Apnaa iSalpa%mak gazna krto hue Aagao baZ,tI hO. [namaoM ek trh ka nayaa AnagaZ, Kurdra iSalp ivakisat haota hO jaao pazkaoM sao baD,I jaldI Aa%maIya saMbaMQa banaa laota hO. [na khanaIkaraoM ko laoKna maoM iba`Tona kI BaaYaa[- AaMcailakta hO. ]namaoM vyaakrNa AaOr maanak ihMdI ka vah sva$p nahIM imalata hO ijasakI AaSaa Kailasa ihMdI ko BaartIya laoKkaoM sao kI jaatI hO. pr ifr yaid ]nhoM iba`iTSa [MiDyana laoKk yaa p`vaasaI BaartvaMSaI laoKk maanaa jaata hOM tao ]nakao BaI pMjaaba¸ gaujarat AaOr maharaYT/ ko AaMcailak laoKkaoM kI trh hI ilayaa jaanaa caaihe.

pRYz : 1 . 2 . 3 . 4 . 5 . 6

³Agalao AMk maoM: ihndI rcanaaeM AaOr rcanaakar´

 
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